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Information in this prospectus supplement is not complete and may be changed. This prospectus and the accompanying prospectus do not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities in any jurisdiction where an offer or solicitation is not permitted.
 Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
  File No. 333-274438
SUBJECT TO COMPLETION, DATED NOVEMBER 6, 2023
PRELIMINARY PROSPECTUS
SUPPLEMENT NO. 3
(To Prospectus dated September 29, 2023)
1,811,066 Shares
[MISSING IMAGE: lg_atlantabravestm-4c.jpg]
ATLANTA BRAVES HOLDINGS, INC.
Series C Common Stock
The selling stockholder identified in this prospectus supplement is offering 1,811,066 shares of Series C common stock, $0.01 par value, of Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. (the Company). All of these shares of our Series C common stock are currently held by Liberty Media Corporation (Liberty Media). In connection with this offering and pursuant to a debt-for-equity exchange agreement to be entered into on the date of this prospectus supplement, Liberty Media, in its capacity as selling stockholder solely for federal securities law purposes, will deliver the shares of Series C common stock to J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (the debt exchange party) for satisfaction of certain debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty Media SiriusXM Group (Liberty SiriusXM Group) at the time of the exchange that are held by an affiliate of the debt exchange party (the Liberty Media Exchange). The debt exchange party, as the selling stockholder in this offering, will offer the shares of Series C common stock in this offering. We will not receive any proceeds from this offering. The Liberty Media Exchange will occur immediately prior to the completion of this offering and its consummation is a condition to the settlement of the debt exchange party’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to the underwriter. As a result, the consummation of the Liberty Media Exchange is also ultimately a condition to the settlement of the underwriter’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to prospective investors.
Our Series C common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BATRK.” On November 3, 2023, the last reported closing price of our Series C common stock was $35.89 per share. Except as otherwise required by Nevada law, our Series C common stock is not entitled to voting rights. See “Description of Capital Stock” in the accompanying prospectus.
The underwriter has agreed to purchase the shares of Series C common stock from the debt exchange party at a price of $      per share, which will result in approximately $      million of aggregate proceeds to the debt exchange party before expenses. The shares may be offered by the underwriter from time to time, directly or through agents, for sale in one or more transactions on Nasdaq, in the over-the-counter market, through negotiated transactions or otherwise at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to such prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. See “Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest).”
We are an “emerging growth company” under applicable federal securities laws and, as such, are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements.
Investing in our Series C common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before buying any Series C common stock, you should carefully read the discussion of material risks of investing in our common stock in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 of the accompanying prospectus.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities, or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus supplement or the accompanying prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
J.P. Morgan
November            , 2023

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About This Prospectus Supplement
This document is in two parts. The first part is this prospectus supplement and the second part is the accompanying prospectus. This prospectus supplement relates to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 that has been filed with the SEC using a “shelf” registration process, and describes the terms of this offering. The accompanying prospectus gives more general information about the Company, some of which may not apply to this offering. References to the accompanying prospectus are to the prospectus dated September 29, 2023, as supplemented by prospectus supplement no. 1 dated October 26, 2023 and prospectus supplement no. 2 dated November 6, 2023. The term “prospectus” refers to this prospectus supplement, each earlier filed prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus.
This prospectus supplement also adds to and updates information included in the accompanying prospectus. Any statement contained in this prospectus supplement, or in a later filed prospectus supplement, will be deemed to modify or supersede the statement in the accompanying prospectus or any earlier filed prospectus supplement. Any statement so modified will be deemed to constitute a part of this prospectus only as so modified, and any statement so superseded will be deemed not to constitute a part of this prospectus.
You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. None of the Company, Liberty Media, the debt exchange party or the underwriter has authorized anyone to provide you with information different from, or inconsistent with, the information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus or any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. None of the Company, Liberty Media, the debt exchange party or the underwriter is making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where such offer or sale is not permitted.
The information contained in this prospectus supplement, the accompanying prospectus and any related free writing prospectus is accurate only as of their respective dates, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of our Series C common stock. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.
For Investors Outside the United States
None of the Company, Liberty Media, the debt exchange party or the underwriter have taken any action that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than the United States. Persons outside the United States are required to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus.
Industry, Market, and Other Data
This prospectus includes estimates, projections, and other information concerning our industry and market data, including data regarding the estimated size of the market, projected growth rates, and perceptions and preferences of consumers. We obtained this data from industry sources, third-party studies, including market analyses and reports, and internal company surveys. Industry sources generally state that the information contained therein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. Although we are responsible for all of the disclosure contained in this prospectus, and we believe the industry and market data to be reliable as of the date of this prospectus, this information could prove to be inaccurate.
 
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SUMMARY
This summary highlights selected information from this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that is important to you in making an investment decision. This summary is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed information included in this prospectus. Before making your investment decision with respect to our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including the information under “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the financial statements included elsewhere in the accompanying prospectus. As used herein “we,” “our,” “us,” and “the Company” refer to Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc.
Our Company
We were previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media. The separation of the Company from Liberty Media is referred to as the Split-Off. Upon completion of the Split-Off, we became an independent, publicly traded company, and following the disposition by Liberty Media of the shares of Series C common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus, including through the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will not retain any ownership interest in the Company. See “Summary — Liberty Media Exchange.” We are a holding company and our principal assets consist of Braves Holdings, LLC (Braves Holdings) which is the owner and operator of the Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball Club (the Braves) and certain assets and liabilities associated with the Braves’ stadium and Braves Holdings’ mixed-use development (the Mixed-Use Development), The Battery Atlanta, and cash. A more complete description of the businesses and assets that are held by the Company can be found under “Business” in the accompanying prospectus. In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into certain agreements, including a reorganization agreement and tax sharing agreement, with Liberty Media (or certain of its subsidiaries), pursuant to which, among other things, we and Liberty Media will indemnify each other against certain liabilities that may arise from our respective businesses. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions —  Relationships Between Us and Liberty Media” in the accompanying prospectus.
We are a Nevada corporation that was incorporated on December 7, 2022. Our principal executive offices are located at 12300 Liberty Blvd., Englewood, Colorado 80112. Our main telephone number is (720) 875-5500.
Liberty Media Exchange
In connection with the Split-Off, the intergroup interest in the Liberty Media Braves Group (Braves Group) attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group remaining immediately prior to the Split-Off was settled and extinguished through the attribution from the Braves Group to the Liberty SiriusXM Group of shares of Series C common stock on a one-for-one basis equal to the number of notional shares representing the intergroup interest in the Braves Group attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at such time. In connection with this offering and pursuant to a debt-for-equity exchange agreement to be entered into on the date of this prospectus supplement, Liberty Media will deliver 1,811,066 shares of Series C common stock to the debt exchange party for satisfaction of $            principal amount of debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at the time of the Liberty Media Exchange that are held by an affiliate of the debt exchange party. The debt exchange party, as the selling stockholder in this offering, will offer the shares of Series C common stock in this offering. However, as a result of the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will be deemed to be a selling stockholder in this offering solely for federal securities law purposes. We will not receive any proceeds from this offering. The Liberty Media Exchange will occur immediately prior to the completion of this offering and its consummation is a condition to the settlement of the debt exchange party’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to the underwriter. As a result, the consummation of the Liberty Media Exchange is also ultimately a condition to the settlement of the underwriter’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to prospective investors.
Emerging Growth Company
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the JOBS Act). As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with
 
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the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the Sarbanes-Oxley Act), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.
We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) ending December 31, 2028, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.235 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the prior fiscal year’s second fiscal quarter; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” shall have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.
 
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The Offering
Common stock offered by the selling stockholder
1,811,066 shares of our Series C common stock.
Common stock to be outstanding after this offering
The number of shares of our common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 61,723,829 shares of our common stock outstanding as of October 31, 2023, comprised of:
10,318,202 shares of our Series A common stock (BATRA);
977,795 shares of our Series B common stock (BATRB);
and
50,427,832 shares of our Series C common stock (BATRK).
Voting Rights
Our common stock is divided into three series of common stock: BATRA, BATRB and BATRK. Holders of record of BATRA are entitled to one vote for each share of such stock and holders of record of BATRB are entitled to ten votes for each share of such stock on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of record of BATRK will not be entitled to any voting rights, except as otherwise required by Nevada law, in which case, each such holder of record of BATRK will be entitled to 1/100 of a vote per share.
Use of proceeds
We will not receive any of the proceeds from this offering. See “Use of Proceeds.”
Dividends
We have no present intention to pay cash dividends on our stock. All decisions regarding payment of dividends by the Company will be made by our board of directors in accordance with applicable law after taking into account various factors, including our financial condition, operating results, current and anticipated cash needs and possible loan covenants which may restrict or prohibit payment of dividends. See “Dividend Policy” in the accompanying prospectus.
Conflicts of interest
Because J.P. Morgan Securities LLC will receive 5% or more of the net proceeds from this offering as the debt exchange party, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC is deemed to have a “conflict of interest” within the meaning of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.’s Rule 5121 (FINRA Rule 5121). Accordingly, this offering will be conducted in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121. The appointment of a “qualified independent underwriter” is not required in connection with this offering as a “bona fide public market” exists for our Series C common stock. See “Use of Proceeds” and “Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest).”
Risk factors
Investing in shares of our Series C common stock involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 of the accompanying prospectus and other information included in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus for a discussion of factors you should carefully consider before investing in shares of our Series C common stock.
 
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Nasdaq symbol
“BATRK”
The number of shares of our common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 61,723,829 shares of our common stock outstanding as of October 31, 2023 comprised of 10,318,202 shares of BATRA, 977,795 shares of BATRB and 50,427,832 shares of BATRK, and excludes shares issuable under the Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan (the Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan) or the Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. 2023 Omnibus Incentive Plan.
Except as otherwise indicated, all information in this prospectus assumes or reflects no exercise or settlement of outstanding stock options or restricted stock units.
 
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CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, product and marketing strategies; new service offerings; the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; and the anticipated impact of certain contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. In particular, statements in “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition,” “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations for Non-U.S. Holders,” and “Business” in the accompanying prospectus contain forward-looking statements. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that our expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. In addition to the risk factors described under “Risk Factors” in the accompanying prospectus, the following include some but not all of the factors (as they relate to our combined subsidiaries and equity affiliates) that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:

our ability to recognize anticipated benefits from the Split-Off;

the possibility that the Split-Off may have unexpected costs;

the continuing global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other health-related risks and events on our customers, vendors and businesses generally;

our ability to obtain additional financing on acceptable terms and cash in amounts sufficient to service debt and other financial obligations;

our indebtedness could adversely affect operations and could limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or our industry;

our ability to realize the benefits of acquisitions or other strategic investments;

the impact of inflation and weak economic conditions on consumer demand for products, services and events offered by our businesses;

the outcome of pending or future litigation or investigations;

the operational risks that we, our subsidiaries and business affiliates with operations outside of the United States face;

our ability to use net operating loss, disallowed business interest and tax credit carryforwards to reduce future tax payments;

our ability to comply with government regulations, including, without limitation, FCC requirements, consumer protection laws and competition laws, and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;

the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which we operate;

changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, vendors and joint venturers;

the impact of organized labor on the Company;

the impact of an expansion of Major League Baseball;

the level of broadcasting revenue that Braves Holdings receives;

the impact of the Mixed-Use Development on the Company and our ability to manage the project; and

geopolitical incidents, accidents, terrorist acts, natural disasters, including the effects of climate change, or other events that cause one or more events to be cancelled or postponed, are not covered by insurance, or cause reputational damage to us or our subsidiaries and business affiliates.
These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of the applicable document, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein or therein, to reflect any change
 
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in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. When considering such forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the factors described in “Risk Factors” and other cautionary statements contained in this prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus. Such risk factors and statements describe circumstances that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any proceeds from this offering. All of the net proceeds from this offering will be received by the debt exchange party. The debt exchange party will acquire the Series C common stock being sold in this offering pursuant to the Liberty Media Exchange for satisfaction of certain debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to Liberty SiriusXM Group at the time of the Liberty Media Exchange that are held by an affiliate of the debt exchange party. See “Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest).”
 
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SELLING STOCKHOLDER
Except as otherwise indicated, the following table and accompanying footnotes set forth information with respect to the beneficial ownership of our common stock, as of October 31, 2023, by Liberty Media. The percentages of beneficial ownership provided in the table below are based 10,318,202 shares of BATRA, 977,795 shares of BATRB and 50,427,832 shares of BATRK outstanding as of October 31, 2023.
A person is a “beneficial owner” of a security if that person has or shares “voting power,” which includes the power to vote or to direct the voting of the security, or “investment power,” which includes the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of the security, or has the right to acquire such powers within 60 days.
The debt exchange party is offering all of the shares of Series C common stock being sold in this offering. In connection with this offering and pursuant to a debt-for-equity exchange agreement to be entered into on the date of this prospectus supplement, Liberty Media will deliver the shares of Series C common stock to be sold in this offering to the debt exchange party for satisfaction of certain debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at the time of the Liberty Media Exchange that are held by an affiliate of the debt exchange party. The debt exchange party, as the selling stockholder in this offering, will offer the shares of Series C common stock in this offering. However, as a result of the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will be deemed to be a selling stockholder in this offering solely for federal securities law purposes. After giving effect to the Liberty Media Exchange and prior to the completion of this offering, the debt exchange party will own approximately 2.9% of our common stock, all of which shares would be received pursuant to the Liberty Media Exchange and are offered to be sold in this offering.
Shares Beneficially Owned
Prior to this Offering
Shares Beneficially Owned
After this Offering
Number of
Shares Held
Percentage of
Total Common
Stock
Number of
Shares Held
Percentage of
Total Common
Stock
Liberty Media(1)
1,811,066(2) 2.9% %
(1)
Liberty Media is a publicly traded company. For information regarding our relationship with Liberty Media, refer to “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” in the accompanying prospectus.
(2)
Represents 0 shares of BATRA, 0 shares of BATRB and 1,811,066 shares of BATRK.
 
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UNDERWRITING (CONFLICTS OF INTEREST)
The debt exchange party is offering the shares of Series C common stock described in this prospectus supplement through J.P. Morgan Securities LLC. We and the debt exchange party have entered into an underwriting agreement with the underwriter. Subject to the terms and conditions of the underwriting agreement, the debt exchange party has agreed to sell to the underwriter, and the underwriter has agreed to purchase, at $      per share, 1,811,066 shares of Series C common stock.
The underwriter is committed to purchase all the shares offered by the debt exchange party if it purchases any shares.
The underwriter proposes to offer the shares for sale from time to time, directly or through agents, in one or more transactions on Nasdaq, in the over-the-counter market, through negotiated transactions or otherwise at a fixed price or prices, which may be changed, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to such prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices, subject to receipt of acceptance by it and subject to its right to reject any order in whole or in part. The underwriter may effect such transactions by selling the shares to or through dealers, and such dealers may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the purchasers of the shares for whom they may act as agents or to whom they may sell as principal. The difference between the price at which the underwriter purchases the shares and the prices at which the underwriter resells such shares may be deemed underwriting compensation.
We estimate that the total expenses of this offering, including registration, filing and listing fees, printing fees and legal and accounting expenses, but excluding the underwriting discount, will be approximately $800,000, all of which will be paid by us. We have agreed to reimburse the underwriter for the FINRA-related fees and expenses of the underwriter’s legal counsel in an amount up to $40,000.
A prospectus in electronic format may be made available on the web sites maintained by the underwriter, or selling group members, if any, participating in the offering. The underwriter may agree to allocate a number of shares to selling group members for sale to their online brokerage account holders. Internet distributions will be allocated by the underwriter and selling group members that may make Internet distributions on the same basis as other allocations.
We have agreed that we will not (i) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, lend or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, or submit to, or file with, the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement under the Securities Act relating to, any shares of our common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for any shares of our common stock, or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge, loan, disposition or filing, or (ii) enter into any swap or other arrangement that transfers all or a portion of the economic consequences associated with the ownership of any shares of common stock or any such other securities (regardless of whether any of these transactions are to be settled by the delivery of shares of common stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise), in each case without the prior written consent of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC for a period of 30 days after the date of this prospectus, other than the shares to be sold in this offering. The restrictions on our actions, as described above, do not apply to certain transactions, including (i) the issuance of shares of common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable for shares of our common stock pursuant to the conversion or exchange of convertible or exchangeable securities or the exercise of warrants or options (including net exercise) or the settlement of RSUs (including net settlement), in each case outstanding on the date of the underwriting agreement and described in this prospectus; (ii) grants of stock options, stock awards, restricted stock, RSUs, or other equity awards and the issuance of shares of our common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of our common stock (whether upon the exercise of stock options or otherwise) pursuant to the terms of an equity compensation plan in effect as of the closing of this offering and described in this prospectus; (iii) the issuance of up to 5% of the outstanding shares of our common stock, or securities convertible into, exercisable for, or which are otherwise exchangeable for, our common stock, immediately following the closing of this offering, in acquisitions or other similar strategic transactions, provided that such recipients enter into a lock-up agreement with the underwriter; or (iv) our filing of any registration statement on Form S-8 relating to securities granted or to be granted pursuant to any plan in effect on the date of the underwriting agreement and described in this prospectus or any assumed benefit plan pursuant to an acquisition or similar strategic transaction.
 
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Our directors and executive officers (such persons, the lock-up parties) have entered into lock up agreements with the underwriter prior to the commencement of this offering pursuant to which each lock-up party, with limited exceptions, for a period of 30 days after the date of this prospectus (such period, the restricted period), may not (and may not cause any of their direct or indirect affiliates to), without the prior written consent of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, (1) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, lend or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of our Series C common stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for our Series C common stock (including, without limitation, Series C common stock or such other securities which may be deemed to be beneficially owned by such lock-up parties in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and securities which may be issued upon exercise of a stock option or warrant) (collectively, the lock-up securities)), (2) enter into any hedging, swap or other agreement or transaction that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the lock-up securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (1) or (2) above is to be settled by delivery of lock-up securities, in cash or otherwise, (3) make any demand for, or exercise any right with respect to, the registration of any lock-up securities, or (4) publicly disclose the intention to do any of the foregoing. Such persons or entities have further acknowledged that these undertakings preclude them from engaging in any hedging or other transactions or arrangements (including, without limitation, any short sale or the purchase or sale of, or entry into, any put or call option, or combination thereof, forward, swap or any other derivative transaction or instrument, however described or defined) designed or intended, or which could reasonably be expected to lead to or result in, a sale or disposition or transfer (by any person or entity, whether or not a signatory to such agreement) of any economic consequences of ownership, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, of any lock-up securities, whether any such transaction or arrangement (or instrument provided for thereunder) would be settled by delivery of lock-up securities, in cash or otherwise. The restrictions described above and contained in the lock-up agreements between the underwriter and the lock-up parties do not apply, subject in certain cases to various conditions, to certain transactions, including (a) transfers of lock-up securities: (i) as a bona fide gift or gifts or a charitable contribution, or for bona fide estate planning purposes, (ii) by will, other testamentary document or intestate succession, (iii) to any trust for the direct or indirect benefit of the lock-up party or any immediate family member or to any foundation, in each case, so long as the lock-up party retains beneficial ownership of such shares, (iv) to any corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which the lock-up party and its immediate family members are, directly or indirectly, the legal and beneficial owner of all of the outstanding equity securities or similar interests, (v) to a nominee or custodian of a person or entity to whom a disposition or transfer would be permissible under clauses (i) through (iv), (vi) pursuant to any trading plans under Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act, any hedging arrangements or the bona fide pledge of lock-up securities to a financial institution to secure indebtedness (and any transfer by the pledgee in the event of any foreclosure thereof), in each case, in existence on the date of this prospectus; (vii) by operation of law, such as pursuant to a qualified domestic order, divorce settlement, divorce decree or separation agreement, or order of a regulatory agency, (viii) to us upon death, disability or termination of employment of the lock-up party, (ix) as part of a sale of lock-up securities acquired in open market transactions after the completion of this offering, (x) to us in connection with the vesting, settlement or exercise of restricted stock units, options, warrants or other rights to purchase shares of our Series C common stock (including “net” or “cashless” exercise), including for the payment of exercise price and tax and remittance payments due as a result of the vesting, settlement, or exercise of such restricted stock units, options, warrants or rights, provided that any such shares of our Series C common stock received upon such exercise, vesting or settlement shall be subject to the terms of the lock up agreement, (xi) in order to comply with applicable rules of Major League Baseball and our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation related to certain restrictions on the transfer and ownership of shares of our common stock, (xii) pursuant to a bona fide third-party tender offer, merger, consolidation or other similar transaction approved by our board of directors and made to all shareholders involving a change in control, provided that if such transaction is not completed, all such lock-up securities would remain subject to the restrictions of the lock up agreement; (b) exercise of options, settlement of RSUs or other equity awards, or the exercise of warrants granted pursuant to plans described in in this prospectus, provided that any lock-up securities received upon such exercise, vesting or settlement would be subject to restrictions similar to those in the lock up agreement; (c) the conversion of outstanding preferred stock, warrants to acquire preferred stock, or convertible securities into shares of our Series C common stock or warrants to acquire shares of our Series C common stock, provided that any Series C common stock or warrant received
 
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upon such conversion would be subject to restrictions similar to those in the lock up agreement; and (d) the establishment by lock-up parties of trading plans under Rule 10b5-1 under the Exchange Act, provided that such plan does not provide for the transfer of lock-up securities during the restricted period.
J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, in its sole discretion, may release the securities subject to any of the lock-up agreements described above, in whole or in part at any time.
We and the debt exchange party have agreed to indemnify the underwriter against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933.
Our Series C common stock is listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the ticker symbol “BATRK.”
In connection with this offering, the underwriter may engage in stabilizing transactions, which involves making bids for, purchasing and selling shares of Series C common stock in the open market for the purpose of preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the Series C common stock while this offering is in progress. These stabilizing transactions may include making short sales, which involves the sale by the underwriter of a greater number of shares of Series C common stock than it is required to purchase in this offering, and purchasing shares of Series C common stock on the open market to cover positions created by short sales. The underwriter has advised us that, pursuant to Regulation M of the Securities Act of 1933, it may also engage in other activities that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the price of the Series C common stock. These activities may have the effect of raising or maintaining the market price of the Series C common stock or preventing or retarding a decline in the market price of the Series C common stock, and, as a result, the price of the Series C common stock may be higher than the price that otherwise might exist in the open market. If the underwriter commences these activities, it may discontinue them at any time. The underwriter may carry out these transactions on Nasdaq, in the over-the-counter market or otherwise.
The Liberty Media Exchange
In connection with this offering and pursuant to a debt-for-equity exchange agreement to be entered into on the date of this prospectus supplement, Liberty Media will deliver 1,811,066 shares of Series C common stock to the debt exchange party for satisfaction of $      principal amount of debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at the time of the Liberty Media Exchange that are held by an affiliate of the debt exchange party. The pricing with respect to the Liberty Media Exchange will (i) be negotiated at arm’s length, (ii) involve a fixed dollar amount and (iii) not contain any variable component. The debt exchange party will acquire and sell the shares of Series C common stock as principal for its own account, rather than on Liberty Media’s behalf. The debt exchange party, as the selling stockholder in this offering, will offer the shares of Series C common stock in this offering. Under the debt-for-equity exchange agreement described above, the debt exchange party will become the owner of our shares of Series C common stock that it acquires in the Liberty Media Exchange immediately prior to the closing of this offering.
The Liberty Media Exchange will occur immediately prior to the completion of this offering and its consummation is a condition to the settlement of the debt exchange party’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to the underwriter. As a result, the consummation of the Liberty Media Exchange is also ultimately a condition to the settlement of the underwriter’s sale of the shares of Series C common stock to prospective investors.
Under federal securities laws, the debt exchange party will be deemed to be an underwriter with respect to the shares of Series C common stock that it acquires pursuant to the Liberty Media Exchange and sells in this offering; however, references to the underwriter in this prospectus supplement refer only to the underwriter listed in the first paragraph of this “Underwriting (Conflicts of Interest)” section and acting in its capacity as the underwriter.
Conflicts of Interest
Because J.P. Morgan Securities LLC will receive 5% or more of the net proceeds from this offering as the debt exchange party, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC is deemed to have a “conflict of interest” within the
 
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meaning of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.’s Rule 5121 (FINRA Rule 5121). Accordingly, this offering will be conducted in compliance with the requirements of FINRA Rule 5121. As such, the underwriter will not confirm any sales to any account over which it exercises discretionary authority without the specific written approval of the transaction from the account holder. The appointment of a “qualified independent underwriter” is not required in connection with this offering as a “bona fide public market” ​(as defined by FINRA Rule 5121(f)(3)) exists for our Series C common stock. In accordance with FINRA Rule 5121, the underwriter will not confirm any sales to any account over which it exercises discretionary authority without the specific written approval of the transaction from the account holder.
Other Relationships
The underwriter and its affiliates have provided in the past to us and our affiliates and may provide from time to time in the future certain commercial banking, financial advisory, investment banking and other services for us and such affiliates in the ordinary course of their business, for which they have received and may continue to receive customary fees and commissions. In addition, from time to time, the underwriter and its affiliates may effect transactions for their own account or the account of customers, and hold on behalf of themselves or their customers, long or short positions in our debt or equity securities or loans, and may do so in the future.
Selling Restrictions
Other than in the United States, no action has been taken by us or any person that would permit a public offering of the securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required. The securities offered by this prospectus may not be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, nor may this prospectus or any other offering material or advertisements in connection with the offer and sale of any such securities be distributed or published in any jurisdiction, except under circumstances that will result in compliance with the applicable rules and regulations of that jurisdiction. Persons into whose possession this prospectus comes are advised to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities offered by this prospectus in any jurisdiction in which such an offer or a solicitation is unlawful.
Notice to prospective investors in the European Economic Area
In relation to each Member State of the European Economic Area (each, a Relevant State), no shares have been offered or will be offered to the public in that Relevant State prior to the publication of a prospectus in relation to the shares which has been approved by the competent authority in that Relevant State or, where appropriate, approved in another Relevant State and notified to the competent authority in that Relevant State, all in accordance with the Prospectus Regulation, except that offers of shares may be made to the public in that Relevant State at any time under the following exemptions under the Prospectus Regulation:
(a)   to any legal entity which is a qualified investor as defined under Article 2 of the Prospectus Regulation;
(b)   to fewer than 150 natural or legal persons (other than qualified investors as defined under Article 2 of the Prospectus Regulation), subject to obtaining the prior consent of the underwriter; or
(c)   in any other circumstances falling within Article 1(4) of the Prospectus Regulation,
provided that no such offer of shares shall require us or any underwriter to publish a prospectus pursuant to Article 3 of the Prospectus Regulation or supplement a prospectus pursuant to Article 23 of the Prospectus Regulation. For the purposes of this provision, the expression an “offer to the public” in relation to shares in any Relevant State means the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the terms of the offer and any shares to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase or subscribe for any shares, and the expression “Prospectus Regulation” means Regulation (EU) 2017/1129.
 
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Notice to prospective investors in the United Kingdom
No shares have been offered or will be offered to the public in the United Kingdom prior to the publication of a prospectus in relation to the shares which is approved by the Financial Conduct Authority or is to be treated as if it had been approved by the Financial Conduct Authority in accordance with the transitional provisions in Article 74 of the Prospectus Amendment etc. (EU Exit) Regulations 2019/1234, except that the shares may be offered to the public in the United Kingdom at any time:
(a)   to any legal entity which is a qualified investor as defined under Article 2 of the UK Prospectus Regulation;
(b)   to fewer than 150 natural or legal persons (other than qualified investors as defined under Article 2 of the UK Prospectus Regulation), subject to obtaining the prior consent of underwriter for any such offer; or
(c)   in any other circumstances falling within Section 86 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (the FSMA).
provided that no such offer of the shares shall require the issuer or any underwriter to publish a prospectus pursuant to Section 85 of the FSMA or supplement a prospectus pursuant to Article 23 of the UK Prospectus Regulation. For the purposes of this provision, the expression an “offer to the public” in relation to the shares in the United Kingdom means the communication in any form and by any means of sufficient information on the terms of the offer and any shares to be offered so as to enable an investor to decide to purchase or subscribe for any shares and the expression “UK Prospectus Regulation” means Regulation (EU) 2017/1129 as it forms part of United Kingdom domestic law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.
In addition, in the United Kingdom, this document is being distributed only to, and is directed only at, and any offer subsequently made may only be directed at persons who are “qualified investors” ​(as defined in the Prospectus Regulation) (i) who have professional experience in matters relating to investments falling within Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the Order) and/or (ii) who are high net worth companies (or persons to whom it may otherwise be lawfully communicated) falling within Article 49(2)(a) to (d) of the Order (all such persons together being referred to as relevant persons) or otherwise in circumstances which have not resulted and will not result in an offer to the public of the shares in the United Kingdom within the meaning of the FSMA.
Any person in the United Kingdom that is not a relevant person should not act or rely on the information included in this document or use it as basis for taking any action. In the United Kingdom, any investment or investment activity that this document relates to may be made or taken exclusively by relevant persons.
Notice to prospective investors in Canada
The shares may be sold only to purchasers purchasing, or deemed to be purchasing, as principal that are accredited investors, as defined in National Instrument 45-106 Prospectus Exemptions or subsection 73.3(1) of the Securities Act (Ontario), and are permitted clients, as defined in National Instrument 31-103 Registration Requirements, Exemptions and Ongoing Registrant Obligations. Any resale of the shares must be made in accordance with an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the prospectus requirements of applicable securities laws.
Securities legislation in certain provinces or territories of Canada may provide a purchaser with remedies for rescission or damages if this prospectus (including any amendment thereto) contains a misrepresentation, provided that the remedies for rescission or damages are exercised by the purchaser within the time limit prescribed by the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory. The purchaser should refer to any applicable provisions of the securities legislation of the purchaser’s province or territory for particulars of these rights or consult with a legal advisor.
Pursuant to section 3A.3 of National Instrument 33-105 Underwriting Conflicts (NI 33-105), no underwriter is required to comply with the disclosure requirements of NI 33-105 regarding underwriter conflicts of interest.
 
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Notice to prospective investors in Switzerland
The shares may not be publicly offered in Switzerland and will not be listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange (SIX) or on any other stock exchange or regulated trading facility in Switzerland. This document does not constitute a prospectus within the meaning of, and has been prepared without regard to the disclosure standards for issuance prospectuses under art. 652a or art. 1156 of the Swiss Code of Obligations or the disclosure standards for listing prospectuses under art. 27 ff. of the SIX Listing Rules or the listing rules of any other stock exchange or regulated trading facility in Switzerland. Neither this document nor any other offering or marketing material relating to the shares or the offering may be publicly distributed or otherwise made publicly available in Switzerland.
Neither this document nor any other offering or marketing material relating to the offering, the Company or the shares have been or will be filed with or approved by any Swiss regulatory authority. In particular, this document will not be filed with, and the offer of shares will not be supervised by, the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority FINMA, and the offer of shares has not been and will not be authorized under the Swiss Federal Act on Collective Investment Schemes (CISA). The investor protection afforded to acquirers of interests in collective investment schemes under the CISA does not extend to acquirers of shares.
Notice to prospective investors in Japan
The shares have not been and will not be registered pursuant to Article 4, Paragraph 1 of the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act. Accordingly, none of the shares nor any interest therein may be offered or sold, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to, or for the benefit of, any “resident” of Japan (which term as used herein means any person resident in Japan, including any corporation or other entity organized under the laws of Japan), or to others for re-offering or resale, directly or indirectly, in Japan or to or for the benefit of a resident of Japan, except pursuant to an exemption from the registration requirements of, and otherwise in compliance with, the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act and any other applicable laws, regulations and ministerial guidelines of Japan in effect at the relevant time.
Notice to prospective investors in Hong Kong
The shares have not been offered or sold and will not be offered or sold in Hong Kong, by means of any document, other than (a) to “professional investors” as defined in the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap. 571 of the Laws of Hong Kong) of Hong Kong and any rules made under that Ordinance; or (b) in other circumstances which do not result in the document being a “prospectus” as defined in the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap. 32) of Hong Kong) or which do not constitute an offer to the public within the meaning of that Ordinance. No advertisement, invitation or document relating to the shares has been or may be issued or has been or may be in the possession of any person for the purposes of issue, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which is directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read by, the public of Hong Kong (except if permitted to do so under the securities laws of Hong Kong) other than with respect to shares which are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons outside Hong Kong or only to “professional investors” as defined in the Securities and Futures Ordinance and any rules made under that Ordinance.
Notice to prospective investors in Singapore
This prospectus has not been registered as a prospectus with the Monetary Authority of Singapore. Accordingly, this prospectus and any other document or material in connection with the offer or sale, or invitation for subscription or purchase, of shares may not be circulated or distributed, nor may the shares be offered or sold, or be made the subject of an invitation for subscription or purchase, whether directly or indirectly, to any person in Singapore other than (i) to an institutional investor (as defined in Section 4A of the Securities and Futures Act (Chapter 289) of Singapore, as modified or amended from time to time (the SFA)) pursuant to Section 274 of the SFA, (ii) to a relevant person (as defined in Section 275(2) of the SFA) pursuant to Section 275(1) of the SFA, or any person pursuant to Section 275(1A) of the SFA, and in accordance with the conditions specified in Section 275 of the SFA, or (iii) otherwise pursuant to, and in accordance with the conditions of, any other applicable provision of the SFA.
 
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Where the shares are subscribed or purchased under Section 275 of the SFA by a relevant person which is (i) a corporation (which is not an accredited investor (as defined in Section 4A of the SFA)) the sole business of which is to hold investments and the entire share capital of which is owned by one or more individuals, each of whom is an accredited investor, or (ii) a trust (where the trustee is not an accredited investor) whose sole purpose is to hold investments and each beneficiary of the trust is an individual who is an accredited investor, securities or securities-based derivatives contracts (each term as defined in Section 2(1) of the SFA) of that corporation or the beneficiaries’ rights and interest (howsoever described) in that trust shall not be transferred within six months after that corporation or that trust has acquired the shares pursuant to an offer made under Section 275 of the SFA except (a) to an institutional investor or to a relevant person, or to any person arising from an offer referred to in Section 275(1A) or Section 276(4)(i)(B) of the SFA, (b) where no consideration is or will be given for the transfer, (c) where the transfer is by operation of law, (d) as specified in Section 276(7) of the SFA, or (d) as specified in Regulation 37A of the Securities and Futures (Offers of Investments) (Securities and Securities-based Derivatives Contracts) Regulations 2018.
Singapore SFA Product Classification — In connection with Section 309B of the SFA and the CMP Regulations 2018, unless otherwise specified before an offer of the shares, we have determined, and hereby notify all relevant persons (as defined in Section 309A(1) of the SFA), that the shares are “prescribed capital markets products” ​(as defined in the CMP Regulations 2018) and Excluded Investment Products (as defined in MAS Notice SFA 04-N12: Notice on the Sale of Investment Products and MAS Notice FAA-N16: Notice on Recommendations on Investment Products).
LEGAL MATTERS
O’Melveny & Myers LLP and Greenberg Traurig LLP have passed upon the validity of the securities offered by this prospectus and certain other legal matters related to this prospectus. Certain legal matters in connection with this offering will be passed upon for the underwriter by Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP.
EXPERTS
The combined financial statements of Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, and for the years then ended, have been included herein and in the registration statement, in reliance upon the report of KPMG LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, appearing elsewhere herein, and upon authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
This prospectus supplement and the accompanying prospectus are part of a registration statement on Form S-1 that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information set forth in, our registration statement and the exhibits and schedules thereto. For further information with respect to the Company, please refer to our registration statement, including our exhibits and schedules. Statements made in this prospectus relating to any contract or other document are not necessarily complete, and you should refer to the exhibits attached to our registration statement for copies of the actual contract or document.
We are subject to the information and reporting requirements of the Exchange Act. In accordance with the Exchange Act, we file periodic reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. You may inspect any document that we file with the SEC, including our registration statement, including their exhibits and schedules, on the Internet website maintained by the SEC at www.sec.gov. Our website is www.bravesholdings.com and we intend to make our periodic reports and other information filed with or furnished to the SEC available, free of charge, through our website, as soon as reasonably practicable after our reports and other information are electronically filed with or furnished to the SEC. Information contained on any website referenced in this prospectus is not incorporated by reference in this prospectus and does not constitute a part of this prospectus.
 
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You may request a copy of any of our filings with the SEC at no cost, by writing or telephoning the office of:
Investor Relations
Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc.
12300 Liberty Blvd.
Englewood, Colorado 80112
Telephone: (877) 772-1518
Pursuant to the Services Agreement entered into between the Company and Liberty Media, Liberty Media will provide the Company with investor relations assistance for a period following the Split-Off. Accordingly, if you have questions relating to the Company, you should contact the office of Investor Relations of Liberty Media at the address and telephone number listed above.
 
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  Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
 Registration No. 333-274438
PROSPECTUS
1,811,066 Shares
[MISSING IMAGE: lg_atlantabravestm-4c.jpg]
ATLANTA BRAVES HOLDINGS, INC.
Series C Common Stock
This prospectus relates to the offer and sale, from time to time, of up to 1,811,066 shares of Series C common stock, $0.01 par value, of Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. (the Company). All of these shares of our Series C common stock are currently held by Liberty Media Corporation (Liberty Media). Liberty Media, in its capacity as selling stockholder solely for federal securities law purposes, intends to deliver the shares of Series C common stock to one or more affiliates of one or more third party lenders (such affiliates of the third party lenders, the debt exchange parties) for satisfaction of certain debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty Media SiriusXM Group (Liberty SiriusXM Group) at the time of the exchange that are held by such third party lenders (the Liberty Media Exchange). Alternatively, if market and general economic conditions do not support such exchanges, Liberty Media will dispose of such shares in one or more public or private sale transactions. The Liberty Media Exchange (or the sale of Series C common stock, as applicable) is expected to occur prior to July 18, 2024. We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of our Series C common stock by the debt exchange parties or Liberty Media.
Our Series C common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “BATRK.” On September 7, 2023, the last reported closing price of our Series C common stock was $36.54 per share. Except as otherwise required by Nevada law, our Series C common stock is not entitled to voting rights. See “Description of Capital Stock.”
Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties, may offer and sell these shares of Series C common stock at times, in amounts, at prices and on terms to be determined at or prior to the time of each offering. At the time Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties offer or sell shares of Series C common stock registered by this prospectus, if required, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of the offering and that may add, update or change the information contained in this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement carefully before you invest.
We are an “emerging growth company” under applicable federal securities laws and, as such, are subject to reduced public company reporting requirements.
Investing in our Series C common stock involves a high degree of risk. Before buying any Series C common stock, you should carefully read the discussion of material risks of investing in our common stock in “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7.
Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities, or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
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About This Prospectus
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC utilizing a “shelf” registration process. Under this shelf registration process, Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties may offer and sell from time to time, in one or more offerings, the shares of Series C common stock described in this prospectus. At the time Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties offer or sell shares of Series C common stock registered by this prospectus, if required, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of the offering and that may add, update or change the information contained in this prospectus. If the information in this prospectus is inconsistent with a prospectus supplement, you should rely on the information in that prospectus supplement. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement carefully before you invest.
You should rely only on the information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither the Company nor Liberty Media has authorized anyone to provide you with information different from, or inconsistent with, the information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement or any free writing prospectus prepared by or on behalf of us or to which we have referred you. Neither of the Company nor Liberty Media is making an offer to sell these securities in any jurisdiction where such offer or sale is not permitted.
The information contained in this prospectus, any applicable prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus is accurate only as of their respective dates, regardless of the time of delivery of this prospectus or of any sale of our Series C common stock. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since those dates.
For Investors Outside the United States
None of the Company, Liberty Media or the debt exchange parties have taken any action that would permit this offering or possession or distribution of this prospectus in any jurisdiction where action for that purpose is required, other than the United States. Persons outside the United States are required to inform themselves about and to observe any restrictions relating to this offering and the distribution of this prospectus.
Industry, Market, and Other Data
This prospectus includes estimates, projections, and other information concerning our industry and market data, including data regarding the estimated size of the market, projected growth rates, and perceptions and preferences of consumers. We obtained this data from industry sources, third-party studies, including market analyses and reports, and internal company surveys. Industry sources generally state that the information contained therein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. Although we are responsible for all of the disclosure contained in this prospectus, and we believe the industry and market data to be reliable as of the date of this prospectus, this information could prove to be inaccurate.
 
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SUMMARY
This summary highlights selected information from this prospectus and does not contain all of the information that is important to you in making an investment decision. This summary is qualified in its entirety by the more detailed information included in this prospectus. Before making your investment decision with respect to our securities, you should carefully read this entire prospectus, including the information under “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus, and any applicable prospectus supplement. As used herein “we,” “our,” “us,” and “the Company” refer to Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc.
Our Company
We were previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media. The separation of the Company from Liberty Media is referred to as the Split-Off. Upon completion of the Split-Off, we became an independent, publicly traded company, and following the disposition by Liberty Media of the shares of Series C common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus, including through the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will not retain any ownership interest in the Company. See “Summary — Liberty Media Exchange.” We are a holding company and our principal assets consist of Braves Holdings, LLC (Braves Holdings) which is the owner and operator of the Atlanta Braves Major League Baseball Club (the Braves) and certain assets and liabilities associated with the Braves’ stadium and Braves Holdings’ mixed-use development (the Mixed-Use Development), The Battery Atlanta, and cash. A more complete description of the businesses and assets that are held by the Company can be found under “Business” in this prospectus. In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into certain agreements, including a reorganization agreement and tax sharing agreement, with Liberty Media (or certain of its subsidiaries), pursuant to which, among other things, we and Liberty Media will indemnify each other against certain liabilities that may arise from our respective businesses. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — Relationships Between Us and Liberty Media.”
We are a Nevada corporation that was incorporated on December 7, 2022. Our principal executive offices are located at 12300 Liberty Blvd., Englewood, Colorado 80112. Our main telephone number is (720) 875-5500.
Liberty Media Exchange
In connection with the Split-Off, the intergroup interest in the Liberty Media Braves Group (Braves Group) attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group remaining immediately prior to the Split-Off was settled and extinguished through the attribution from the Braves Group to the Liberty SiriusXM Group of shares of Series C common stock on a one-for-one basis equal to the number of notional shares representing the intergroup interest in the Braves Group attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at such time. Liberty Media intends to deliver the shares of Series C common stock to the debt exchange parties for satisfaction of certain debt obligations of Liberty Media attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group at the time of the exchange that are held by third party lenders that are affiliates of such debt exchange parties or, if market and general economic conditions do not support such exchanges, Liberty Media will dispose of such shares in one or more public or private sale transactions. The Liberty Media Exchange (or the sale of Series C common stock, as applicable) is expected to occur prior to July 18, 2024.
Emerging Growth Company
We are an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the JOBS Act). As such, we are eligible to take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not “emerging growth companies” including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the auditor attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the Sarbanes-Oxley Act), reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in our periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a non-binding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved. If some investors find our securities less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our securities and the prices of our securities may be more volatile.
 
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We will remain an emerging growth company until the earlier of: (1) the last day of the fiscal year (a) ending December 31, 2028, (b) in which we have total annual gross revenue of at least $1.235 billion, or (c) in which we are deemed to be a large accelerated filer, which means the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the end of the prior fiscal year’s second fiscal quarter; and (2) the date on which we have issued more than $1.0 billion in non-convertible debt during the prior three-year period. References herein to “emerging growth company” shall have the meaning associated with it in the JOBS Act.
Risk Factors Summary
You should consider all the information contained in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement before making a decision to invest in our Series C common stock. In particular, you should consider the risk factors described under “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7. Such risks include, but are not limited to, the following risks:
Risks Relating to Our Corporate History and the Split-Off

The historical financial information included in this prospectus is not necessarily representative of our future financial position, future results of operations or future cash flows.

We may incur material costs not previously incurred as a result of our separation from Liberty Media.

Our agreements with Liberty Media were negotiated while we were still a subsidiary of Liberty Media and therefore may not be the result of arms’ length negotiations.

We have no operating history as a separate company upon which you can evaluate our performance.

We may have a significant indemnity obligation to Liberty Media, which is not limited in amount or subject to any cap, if the Split-Off Transactions (as defined in “Risk Factors”) are treated as a taxable transaction.

We may not realize the potential benefits from the Split-Off in the near term or at all.

We have overlapping directors and management with Liberty Media, which may lead to conflicting interests.

Mr. Malone owns shares of our common stock representing approximately 47.5% of our aggregate voting power, which may be deemed to put him in a position to influence significant corporate actions and may discourage others from initiating a potential change of control transaction that may be beneficial to our stockholders.
Risks Relating to Our Business

Our business’ financial success depends, in large part, on the Braves achieving on-field success.

The success of the Braves depends largely on their ability to develop, obtain and retain talented players.

Determining the market value of an MLB player is difficult, subject to market conditions and involves the use of subjective inputs and significant assumptions, any of which may prove to be inaccurate.

The risk of injuries to key or popular players creates uncertainty and could negatively impact financial results.

Focus on team performance, and decisions by management, may negatively impact financial results in the short-term.

The organizational structure of MLB and its rules and regulations impose substantial restrictions on our and our subsidiaries’ operations.

Organized labor matters could have an adverse effect on our financial results.
 
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Viewership, and interest in baseball generally, may fluctuate due to factors outside of our control.

Broadcasting rights, both national and local, present an important source of revenue for us, and decreases in this broadcasting revenue could have an adverse effect on our financial results.

Our ability to incur indebtedness to fund our operations will be limited, which could negatively impact our operations.

Certain covenants included in the documents governing our indebtedness impose limitations on the liquidity of our business.

We do not own Truist Park and any failure to comply with the terms of the Stadium Operating Agreement for Truist Park could result in the termination of our operating subsidiaries’ right to operate, and play home games at Truist Park, which could adversely impact the Braves’ reputation and our baseball business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our subsidiaries have incurred and are expected to continue to incur significant indebtedness, including borrowings used or to be used to finance the construction, development and/or ongoing operations of Braves Holdings, the Braves’ stadium, the Mixed-Use Development and a spring training facility, which could negatively impact our financial condition.

Our financial performance may be materially adversely affected if we do not experience the anticipated benefits of the Mixed-Use Development in the near term or at all.

Development activities, such as those associated with the Mixed-Use Development, are subject to significant risks.

Failure of lessees of the Mixed-Use Development to renew their leases as they expire and improvement costs associated with new leases may adversely impact our cash flow from operations, which could negatively impact our financial condition.

Negative market conditions or adverse events affecting existing or potential lessees of the Mixed-Use Development or the industries in which they operate, could have an adverse impact on our ability to attract new lessees, collect rent or renew leases at the Mixed-Use Development, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and inhibit growth.

Data loss or other breaches of our network security could materially harm our business and results of operations.

The chapter 11 bankruptcy filing by Diamond Sports Group may interrupt the regional broadcasting of Braves games, which may adversely impact the Braves’ fan base and results of operations.
Risks Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock and the Securities Market

Our stock price has, and may continue to, fluctuate significantly.

Our multi-series structure may depress the trading price of the shares of our common stock.

For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with certain reporting requirements, including disclosure about our executive compensation, that apply to other public companies.

If we are unable to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, or our internal control over financial reporting is not effective, the reliability of our financial statements may be questioned and our stock price may suffer.

It may be difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so may be beneficial to our stockholders.

Our restated charter includes restrictions on the share ownership of our common stock by certain persons, which if triggered would result in an immediate transfer of the applicable number of shares to a trust for the benefit of the applicable transferor. In addition, MLB rules require that any person or group seeking to acquire a controlling interest in the Company or the Braves must receive the prior approval of MLB. Such limitations and approval requirements may restrict any change of control or business combination opportunities in which our stockholders might receive a premium for shares of our common stock.
 
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Our directors and officers are protected from liability for a broad range of actions.

Our restated charter provides that the Eighth Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada shall be the exclusive forum for certain litigation that may be initiated by our stockholders, and that the federal courts shall be the exclusive forum for claims under the Securities Act; these provisions could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.

The holders of any series of our common stock, or the holders of our common stock as a whole, may not have any remedies if an action by our directors or officers prioritizes other interests or has a disparate effect on our common stock or any series thereof.
 
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The Offering
Common stock offered by Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties
1,811,066 shares of our Series C common stock.
Common stock to be outstanding after this offering
The number of shares of our common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 61,719,290 shares of our common stock outstanding as of July 19, 2023, comprised of:
10,318,202 shares of our Series A common stock (BATRA);
977,795 shares of our Series B common stock (BATRB); and
50,423,293 shares of our Series C common stock (BATRK).
Voting Rights
Our common stock is divided into three series of common stock: BATRA, BATRB and BATRK. Holders of record of BATRA are entitled to one vote for each share of such stock and holders of record of BATRB are entitled to ten votes for each share of such stock on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of record of BATRK will not be entitled to any voting rights, except as otherwise required by Nevada law, in which case, each such holder of record of BATRK will be entitled to 1/100 of a vote per share.
Use of proceeds
We will not receive any of the proceeds from the potential sale of shares of Series C common stock being registered pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. See “Use of Proceeds.”
Dividends
We have no present intention to pay cash dividends on our stock. All decisions regarding payment of dividends by the Company will be made by our board of directors in accordance with applicable law after taking into account various factors, including our financial condition, operating results, current and anticipated cash needs and possible loan covenants which may restrict or prohibit payment of dividends. See “Dividend Policy.”
Plan of distribution
Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties may offer the shares of Series C common stock in amounts, at prices and on terms determined by market conditions at the time of the offering. Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties may sell shares of Series C common stock through agents it selects or through underwriters and dealers it selects. Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties also may sell shares of Series C common stock directly to investors. If Liberty Media or, if applicable, the debt exchange parties use agents, underwriters or dealers, we will name them and describe their compensation in a prospectus supplement. See “Plan of Distribution.”
Risk factors
Investing in shares of our Series C common stock involves a high degree of risk. See “Risk Factors” beginning on page 7 and other information included in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement for a discussion of factors
 
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you should carefully consider before investing in shares of our Series C common stock.
Nasdaq symbol
“BATRK”
The number of shares of our common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on 61,719,290 shares of our common stock outstanding as of July 19, 2023 comprised of 10,318,202 shares of BATRA, 977,795 shares of BATRB and 50,423,293 shares of BATRK, and excludes shares issuable under the Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan (the Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan) or the Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. 2023 Omnibus Incentive Plan.
Except as otherwise indicated, all information in this prospectus assumes or reflects no exercise or settlement of outstanding stock options or restricted stock units.
 
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RISK FACTORS
Your investment in our common stock, including the shares of Series C common stock being offered pursuant to this prospectus, will involve substantial risks. You should carefully consider the following factors described below and all other information in this prospectus prior to investing in our common stock. If any of these risks were to materialize, our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.
The risks described below and elsewhere in this prospectus are considered to be the most material but are not the only ones that relate to an investment in our Series C common stock. There may be other unknown or unpredictable economic, business, competitive, regulatory or other factors that also could have material adverse effects on us or on an investment in our Series C common stock. Past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods especially given the current economic environment.
If any of the events described below were to occur, the businesses, prospects, financial condition, results of operations and/or cash flows of the Company could be materially adversely affected. In any such case, the price of our Series C common stock could decline, perhaps significantly.
Factors Relating to our Corporate History and the Split-Off
The historical financial information included in this prospectus is not necessarily representative of our future financial position, future results of operations or future cash flows.
In valuing shares of our common stock, investors should recognize that the historical financial information included in this prospectus has been extracted from Liberty Media’s historical consolidated financial statements and does not necessarily reflect what our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows would have been had we been a separate, stand-alone company pursuing independent strategies during the periods presented.
We may incur material costs not previously incurred as a result of our separation from Liberty Media.
We will incur costs and expenses not previously incurred as a result of the Split-Off. These increased costs and expenses may arise from various factors, including financial reporting, costs associated with complying with the federal securities laws (including compliance with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act), tax administration and human resources related functions. Although Liberty Media will continue to provide many of these services for us under the Services Agreement, neither we nor Liberty Media can assure you that the Services Agreement will continue or that these costs will not be material to our business.
Our agreements with Liberty Media were negotiated while we were still a subsidiary of Liberty Media and therefore may not be the result of arms’ length negotiations.
We have entered into a number of agreements with Liberty Media covering matters such as tax sharing and allocation of responsibility for certain liabilities previously undertaken by Liberty Media for certain of our businesses. In addition, we have entered into the Services Agreement with Liberty Media pursuant to which Liberty Media will provide us certain management, administrative, financial, treasury, accounting, tax, legal and other services, for which we will reimburse Liberty Media on a fixed fee basis. The terms of all of these agreements were established while we were a wholly-owned subsidiary of Liberty Media, and therefore may not be the result of arms’ length negotiations. We believe that the terms of these agreements are and will be commercially reasonable and fair to all parties under the circumstances; however, conflicts could arise in the interpretation or any extension or renegotiation of the foregoing agreements. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — Relationships between Us and Liberty Media.”
We have no operating history as a separate company upon which you can evaluate our performance.
Although our business had been operating as a separate tracking stock group of Liberty Media, we do not have an operating history as a separate public company. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that our
 
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business will be successful on a long-term basis. We may not be able to grow our businesses as planned and may not be profitable.
We may have a significant indemnity obligation to Liberty Media, which is not limited in amount or subject to any cap, if the Split-Off Transactions are treated as a taxable transaction.
In connection with the Split-Off and certain related transactions (the Split-Off Transactions), Liberty Media received an opinion of its tax counsel to the effect that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Split-Off Transactions will qualify as a tax-free transaction under Section 355, Section 368(a)(1)(D), and related provisions of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the Code), to Liberty Media and to the former holders of Liberty Braves common stock and holders of Liberty Formula One common stock (except with respect to the receipt of any cash in lieu of fractional shares). Liberty Media did not obtain a private letter ruling from the Internal Revenue Service (the IRS) regarding the qualification of the Split-Off Transactions as a tax-free transaction under Section 355, Section 368(a)(1)(D), and related provisions of the Code. Opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS or the courts, and there can be no assurance that the IRS will not challenge the conclusions reached in such opinion or that a court would not sustain such a challenge. If, for any reason, it is determined that the Split-Off Transactions do not qualify for tax-free treatment, Liberty Media and the former holders of Liberty Braves common stock and holders of Liberty Formula One common stock who received our common stock pursuant to the Split-Off Transactions could incur significant tax liabilities.
Even if the Split-Off Transactions otherwise qualify under Section 355, Section 368(a)(1)(D), and related provisions of the Code, the Split-Off Transactions would result in a significant U.S. federal income tax liability to Liberty Media (but not to former holders of Liberty Braves common stock or holders of Liberty Formula One common stock) under Section 355(e) of the Code if one or more persons acquire, directly or indirectly, a 50% or greater interest (measured by either vote or value) in the stock of Liberty Media or in the stock of our Company (or any successor corporation) (excluding, for this purpose, acquisitions of our common stock meeting statutory exceptions) as part of a plan or series of related transactions that includes the Split-Off Transactions. The process for determining whether an acquisition is part of a plan under these rules is complex, inherently factual in nature, and subject to a comprehensive analysis of the facts and circumstances of the particular case. Notwithstanding the opinion of tax counsel described above, we or Liberty Media might inadvertently cause or permit a prohibited change in our or Liberty Media’s ownership to occur, thereby triggering tax liability to Liberty Media.
Prior to the Split-Off, we entered into a tax sharing agreement with Liberty Media. Under this agreement, Liberty Media is generally responsible for any taxes and losses resulting from the failure of the Split-Off Transactions to qualify as a tax-free transaction and certain taxes resulting from the failure of the Liberty Media Exchange to qualify as a transaction described in Section 361(c)(3) of the Code; however, we are required to indemnify Liberty Media, its subsidiaries and certain related persons for any such taxes and losses that (i) result primarily from, individually or in the aggregate, the breach of certain covenants we made (applicable to actions or failures to act by us and our subsidiaries), (ii) result from the application of Section 355(e) of the Code to the Split-Off Transactions as a result of the treatment of the Split-Off Transactions as part of a plan (or series of related transactions) pursuant to which one or more persons acquire, directly or indirectly, a 50% or greater interest (measured by vote or value) in the stock of our Company (or any successor corporation) or (iii) result from any excess loss account (within the meaning of applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations) in our common stock, or gain recognized under Section 361(b) due to the application of the basis limitation in the last sentence of Section 361(b)(3) of the Code. Our indemnification obligations to Liberty Media, its subsidiaries and certain related persons are not limited in amount or subject to any cap. If we are required to indemnify Liberty Media, its subsidiaries or such related persons under the circumstances set forth in the tax sharing agreement, we may be subject to substantial liabilities, which could materially adversely affect our financial position.
To preserve the tax-free treatment of the Split-Off Transactions, we may determine to forgo certain transactions that might have otherwise been advantageous to our Company, including certain asset dispositions or other strategic transactions for some period of time following the Split-Off. In addition, our indemnity obligation related to the Split-Off Transactions under the tax sharing agreement might discourage, delay or prevent a change of control transaction for some period of time following the Split-Off.
 
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We may not realize the potential benefits from the Split-Off in the near term or at all.
Liberty Media anticipated that we would realize certain strategic and financial benefits as a result of our separation from Liberty Media. In particular, the Split-Off was intended to provide greater transparency to investors with respect to our business, which was expected to result in a trading price for our common stock that reflects a reduced valuation discount than that applied to Liberty Media’s Liberty Braves common stock prior to the Split-Off. However, there can be no assurance that the trading price of our common stock will reflect a reduced valuation discount, as compared to Liberty Media’s former Liberty Braves common stock, as a result of the completion of the Split-Off. In this case, our equity currency would not be as attractive to use for raising capital to fund our financial needs or for the retention and attraction of qualified personnel. Given the added costs associated with the completion of the Split-Off, including the separate accounting, legal and other compliance costs of being a separate public company, our failure to realize the anticipated benefits of the Split-Off in the near term or at all could adversely affect us.
We have overlapping directors and management with Liberty Media, which may lead to conflicting interests.
Executive officers of Liberty Media also serve as our executive officers pursuant to the Services Agreement entered into with Liberty Media in connection with the completion of the Split-Off, and Gregory B. Maffei, President and Chief Executive Officer and a director of Liberty Media also serves as our Chairman of the Board. Brian Deevy, who is a member of our board of directors, is also a member of the Liberty Media board of directors. The executive officers and the members of our board of directors have fiduciary duties to our stockholders. Likewise, any such persons who serve in similar capacities at Liberty Media have fiduciary duties to its stockholders. Therefore, such persons may have conflicts of interest or the appearance of conflicts of interest with respect to matters involving or affecting their respective companies. For example, there may be the potential for a conflict of interest when we or Liberty Media look at acquisitions and other corporate opportunities that may be suitable for each of us. Further, as allowed by Nevada law, our restated charter renounces any interest or expectancy in certain business opportunities involving our directors and officers, which will allow such directors and officers to pursue those business opportunities without being liable to us or our stockholders for a breach of fiduciary duties arising out of such opportunities. Moreover, our Chairman of the Board, Mr. Deevy and our officers will continue to own Liberty Media common stock, restricted stock units and options to purchase Liberty Media common stock. These ownership interests could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest when these individuals are faced with decisions that could have different implications for us or Liberty Media. Any potential conflict that could qualify as a “related party transaction” ​(as defined in Item 404 of Regulation S-K) will be subject to review by the audit committee of our board of directors or an independent committee of our board of directors in accordance with our corporate governance guidelines. Any other potential conflicts that arise would be addressed on a case-by-case basis, keeping in mind the applicable fiduciary duties owed by the executive officers and directors of each issuer. From time to time, Liberty Media or its respective affiliates may enter into transactions with us and/or our subsidiaries or other affiliates. Although the terms of any such transactions or agreements will be established based upon negotiations between employees of the companies involved, there can be no assurance that the terms of any such transactions will be as favorable to us or our subsidiaries or affiliates as would be the case where the parties are completely at arms’ length.
Mr. Malone owns shares of our common stock representing approximately 47.5% of our aggregate voting power, which may be deemed to put him in a position to influence significant corporate actions and may discourage others from initiating a potential change of control transaction that may be beneficial to our stockholders.
Mr. Malone beneficially owns shares of our common stock representing the power to direct approximately 47.5% of the aggregate voting power of our common stock. We and Mr. Malone have not entered into any arrangements that prohibit or limit his ability to acquire additional shares of our common stock, and therefore Mr. Malone could acquire beneficial ownership of (x) 496,290 additional shares of BATRA or (y) 32,263 additional shares of BATRB (which represents all of the outstanding shares of BATRB that were not owned by Mr. Malone as of immediately following the Split-Off) and 173,660 additional shares of BATRA to control approval of general matters submitted to shareholders for approval, pursuant to which holders of shares of BATRA and BATRB would vote together as a single class. Mr. Malone may
 
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continue to be deemed to be in a position to influence significant corporate actions, including corporate transactions such as mergers, business combinations or dispositions of assets. This concentration of ownership could discourage others from initiating any potential merger, takeover or other change of control transaction that may otherwise be beneficial to our stockholders.
Factors Relating to Our Business
Our business’ financial success depends, in large part, on the Braves achieving on-field success.
Our financial results depend in large part on the ability of the Braves to achieve on-field success. The team’s successes generate significant fan enthusiasm, resulting in sustained ticket, premium seating, concession and merchandise sales, and greater shares of local television and radio audiences during that period. Furthermore, participation in MLB’s postseason provides the franchise with additional revenue and income. Additional revenue and income in the postseason are derived primarily from postseason games played at the Braves’ home stadium. Although the Braves did not generate material revenue from participation in the 2020 postseason since games were played without fans in attendance due to COVID-19, the Braves appeared in 16 out of 16 potential postseason games in 2021 and 4 out of 17 potential postseason games in 2022. Potential postseason games do not include games played in the National League Wild Card Series, in which the Braves were not eligible to participate because of their high seeding in the National League. Net revenue from postseason play (after reduction for allocable postseason share payments) was approximately $8.4 million and $67.8 million in 2022 and 2021, respectively. While the Braves have made the MLB postseason during seven of the past eleven seasons, and were the 2021 World Series Champions, there can be no assurance that the team will perform well or qualify for postseason play during the next season or any season thereafter. Poor on-field performance by the Braves is likely to adversely affect our financial performance.
The success of the Braves depends largely on their ability to develop, obtain and retain talented players.
The success of the Braves depends, in large part, on the ability to develop, obtain and retain talented players. The Braves compete with other MLB baseball teams and teams in other countries for available professional players and top player prospects. There can be no assurance that the Braves will be able to retain players upon expiration of their contracts or identify and obtain or develop new players of adequate talent to replace players who retire or are injured, traded, released or lost to free agency. Even if the Braves are able to retain or obtain players who have had successful amateur or professional careers, or develop talented players through the Braves’ minor league affiliates or otherwise, there can be no assurance that such players will perform successfully for the Braves. The 2017 penalties handed down by MLB against the Braves in the international market limited the Braves’ ability to recruit players internationally through the 2021 season, and could have an impact on the future pipeline of talent going forward.
Determining the market value of an MLB player is difficult, subject to market conditions and involves the use of subjective inputs and significant assumptions, any of which may prove to be inaccurate.
The current market value of a given MLB player is subject to market conditions generally and more specifically based on the player’s experience, position played, recent performance statistics, physical health, other similar players available at such time and other factors, such as the desirability of a particular franchise to such player, all of which vary over time. In general, player signings occur frequently enough that there are comparable objective data points that can be utilized in determining the value of a given MLB player. However, for top-ranked players, there may not be frequent enough player signings to provide sufficient recent comparable objective data points for valuation purposes. As a result, the Braves’ ability to accurately determine the market value of a given player may be significantly impacted by Braves’ subjective inputs and assumptions. Further, while a player’s market value is generally determined at the time of signing, the evaluation of the contributions made by the player are ongoing throughout the life of the contract and the overall value of the entire contract can be analyzed only after the expiration of such contract. As a result, the Braves’ ability to determine the market value of an MLB player is inherently uncertain, and the Braves may fail to assign a market value that is commensurate with such player’s contributions over the life of the contract term. These challenges, and the related risk that the Braves may fail to accurately determine the market value of a given player, may be exacerbated as the length of the contract term increases. As a
 
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result, entry into long-term contracts, which generally include higher aggregate compensation, may increase the risk that the Braves fail to accurately determine the market value of a given player. The Braves’ inability to accurately determine the market value of the players who are signed may negatively impact the ability of the Braves to achieve on-field success, which is likely to adversely affect our financial performance.
The risk of injuries to key or popular players creates uncertainty and could negatively impact financial results.
A significant portion of our financial results is dependent upon the on-field success of the Braves and injuries to players pose risk to that success. In addition, the Braves are currently scheduled to play 81 regular season road games each year, requiring players and members of the coaching staff to travel using charter carriers. The Braves’ extensive travel schedule exposes its players and coaching staff to the risk of travel-related accidents and injuries. An injury sustained by a key player, or an injury occurring at a key point in the season, could negatively impact the team’s performance and decrease the likelihood of postseason play. An injury sustained by a popular player could negatively impact fan enthusiasm, which could negatively impact ticket sales and other sources of revenue. Furthermore, after the start of each season, all MLB players under contract are generally entitled to all of their contract salary for the season, even after sustaining an injury (subject to certain rights of the Braves). Having to compensate a player who is unable to perform for a substantial period of the season, as well as the replacement for the injured player, could create a significant financial burden for the Braves. Long-term employment contracts provide for, among other items, annual compensation for certain players (current and former) and other employees. Amounts due under such contracts as of June 30, 2023 aggregated $1,017.6 million, which is payable annually as follows: $225.8 million in 2023, $149.8 million in 2024, $143.4 million in 2025, $136.3 million in 2026, $111.2 million in 2027 and $251.1 million thereafter. The Braves may or may not elect to obtain disability insurance for their players signed to multiyear contracts to partially mitigate these risks, but there can be no assurance that even if obtained that such insurance will compensate for all or substantially all of the costs associated with player injuries and such insurance would not serve to mitigate any potential negative impact on the team’s performance and revenue.
Focus on team performance, and decisions by management, may negatively impact financial results in the short-term.
Management of Braves Holdings focuses on making operational and business decisions that enhance the on-field performance of the Braves and this may sometimes require implementing strategies and making investments that may negatively impact short-term profit for the sake of immediate on-field success. For example, in order to improve the short-term performance of the team, management may decide to make trades for highly compensated players and sign free agents or current players to high value contracts, which could significantly increase operating expenses for a given year, and which could adversely impact the trading price of our common stock. In addition, to the extent higher salaries must be paid in order to retain talented players, the Braves may be subject to the Competitive Balance Tax imposed by the CBA (each as defined below) if the Braves’ aggregate average payroll exceeds the predetermined thresholds contained in the CBA. For more information about the Competitive Balance Tax, see “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations — Collective Bargaining Agreement” and “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations — Competitive Balance Provisions.” Alternatively, management may decide to focus on longer-term success by investing more heavily in the recruiting and development of younger and less expensive talent, which may negatively affect the team’s current on-field success and in turn could have a negative impact on ticket sales and other sources of revenue. We must also comply with all MLB rules and decisions. MLB has significant authority over MLB teams and must act in the best interests of MLB as a whole. Such rules and decisions may be inconsistent with strategies adopted by management and may have a negative effect on the near-term value of our common stock.
The organizational structure of MLB and its rules and regulations impose substantial restrictions on our and our subsidiaries’ operations.
As a condition to maintaining its MLB membership, each MLB Club must comply with the rules and regulations adopted by MLB, as well as a series of other agreements and arrangements that govern the operation and management of an MLB Club (collectively, the MLB Rules and Regulations). See “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations.” For example, each MLB Club is subject to the Major League
 
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Constitution, the Major League Rules and the CBA. In addition, each MLB Club is required to appoint one “Control Person” who is acceptable to MLB and the other MLB Clubs and who has significant authority over club operations and the club’s interaction with MLB. Pursuant to the MLB Rules and Regulations and the CBA, an MLB Club must comply with, among other things, limitations on the amount of debt it can incur, revenue sharing arrangements with other MLB Clubs, commercial arrangements with regard to the national broadcasting of its games and other programming and commercial arrangements relating to the use of its intellectual property. Additionally, the vote of 75% of the MLB Clubs is required for the approval of the sale of any MLB Club or relocation of a franchise to another city.
The Braves will be required to abide by any changes to the MLB Rules and Regulations and the adoption of any new MLB Rules and Regulations, irrespective of whether such changes or new arrangements negatively impact the Braves, proportionately or disproportionately, as compared with the other MLB Clubs. We, as well as our board of directors, board committees and subsidiaries, are also subject to the MLB Rules and Regulations. Further, the Commissioner of Baseball interprets the MLB Rules and Regulations, and we and Braves Holdings (and certain of our affiliates) have agreed to submit any and all disputes related to the MLB Rules and Regulations, or disputes involving another MLB Club, to the Commissioner of Baseball as sole arbitrator. The decisions of the Commissioner of Baseball are binding and not appealable, and therefore we and Braves Holdings may not resort to the courts or any other means to enforce our rights or contest the application of the MLB Rules and Regulations. No assurance can be given that any changes to the MLB Rules and Regulations, adoption of new MLB Rules and Regulations or decisions made by the Commissioner of Baseball will not adversely affect our business and our financial results and have a negative impact upon the value of our common stock.
Organized labor matters could have an adverse effect on our financial results.
Our business is dependent upon the efforts of unionized workers. MLB players are covered by the Collective Bargaining Agreement (the CBA). MLB has experienced labor difficulties in the past and may have labor issues in the future. Labor difficulties may include players’ strikes or protests or management lockouts. MLB has also had disputes with the labor union representing the major league umpires, which have resulted in strikes and the need to use replacement umpires. MLB experienced a players’ strike during the 1994 season, which resulted in a regular season that was shortened and the cancelation of the World Series. In December 2021, the previous collective bargaining agreement expired and MLB commenced a lockout of the Major League players. As a result of the lockout, the start of the 2022 regular season was delayed until the MLB Clubs reached a tentative agreement in March 2022 on the terms of the CBA in a Memorandum of Understanding and the regular season began in April. See “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations —  Collective Bargaining Agreement.” The CBA covers the 2022 through 2026 MLB seasons. Any labor disputes, such as players’ strikes, protests or lockouts, could postpone or cancel MLB games. No revenue will be recognized for cancelled games and the impact may have a material negative effect on our business and results of operations.
The possibility of MLB expansion could create increased competition.
The most recent MLB expansion occurred in 1998. MLB continues to evaluate opportunities to expand into new markets across North America. Because revenue from national broadcasting and licensing agreements are divided equally among all MLB Clubs, any such expansion could dilute the revenue realized by us from such agreements and increase competition for talented players among MLB Clubs. Historically, expansion teams have been permitted to select in an expansion draft certain unprotected players from the rosters of various MLB teams. There can be no assurance that the Braves will be able to retain key players during future expansion drafts or that the rules regarding expansion drafts will not change to the detriment of the Braves. Any expansion in the Southeast region of the United States, in particular, could also draw fan, consumer and viewership interest away from the Braves.
Viewership, and interest in baseball generally, may fluctuate due to factors outside of our control.
Viewership of professional baseball has decreased in recent years and any future decline in television ratings or attendance for MLB as a whole could have an adverse effect on our financial results. The Braves compete for entertainment and advertising dollars with other sports and entertainment activities. During
 
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parts of the MLB regular season, the Braves experience competition from college football, professional basketball (the Atlanta Hawks) and professional football (the Atlanta Falcons). As sporting and entertainment trends change, fans may be drawn to other spectator sports and entertainment options, in spite of on-field success by the Braves.
Broadcasting rights, both national and local, present an important source of revenue for us, and decreases in this broadcasting revenue could have an adverse effect on our financial results.
Braves Holdings derives revenue directly from the sale of their local broadcasting rights through an individually negotiated carriage or license agreement. The sale of their national broadcasting rights, together with those of all other MLB Clubs, is organized through MLB with all such revenue allocated consistent with the MLB Rules and Regulations. A majority of this revenue is reliant on a limited number of broadcasting partners. Solvency and business disruptions impacting our broadcasting partners, as well as any decline in television ratings, carriage disputes, popularity of the Braves specifically, or even MLB as a whole, could adversely affect the revenue that can be derived from the sale of these broadcasting rights. See “—  The chapter 11 bankruptcy filing by Diamond Sports Group may interrupt the regional broadcasting of Braves games, which may adversely impact the Braves’ fan base and results of operations” below.
Our ability to incur indebtedness to fund our operations will be limited, which could negatively impact our operations.
Braves Holdings generally funds its operating activities through cash flow from operations and two credit facilities, with a combined borrowing capacity of $275 million. As of June 30, 2023, there were no amounts outstanding under these credit facilities. If cash flows become insufficient to cover operating or capital needs, we may be required to take on additional indebtedness, but applicable CBA rules limit the aggregate amount of indebtedness that the Braves may incur. See “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations — Collective Bargaining Agreement” and “Business — MLB Rules and Regulations — Debt Service Rule.” Following our separation from Liberty Media, we do not have access to Liberty Media’s capital or credit and our ability to obtain significant financing on favorable terms, or at all, may be more limited as a standalone company than as a subsidiary of Liberty Media. Due to our size and current indebtedness, together with our assets and operating cash flow, we may be unable to support any significant financing in the future.
If debt financing is not available to us in the future, we may obtain liquidity through the issuance and sale of our equity securities. If additional funds are raised through the issuance of equity securities, our stockholders may experience significant dilution. If we are unable to obtain sufficient liquidity in the future, Braves Holdings may be unable to continue to develop its business, complete acquisitions or otherwise take advantage of business opportunities or respond to competitive pressures, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Certain covenants included in the documents governing our indebtedness impose limitations on the liquidity of our business.
In addition to the Debt Service Rule limitations imposed by the CBA limiting the amount of indebtedness that may be incurred by the Braves, the agreements governing the indebtedness incurred, directly or indirectly, by Braves Holdings, include certain covenants that limit our ability to sell or otherwise transfer control over certain assets or equity interests of affiliated entities. These covenants could limit our flexibility to react to changing or adverse market conditions, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and could suppress the value of our common stock.
Our holding company structure could restrict access to funds of our subsidiaries that may be needed to pay third party obligations.
We are a holding company and our assets consist primarily of investments in our subsidiaries, including Braves Holdings. As a holding company, our ability to meet our financial obligations to third parties is dependent upon our available cash balances, distributions from subsidiaries and other investments and proceeds from any asset sales. Further, our ability to receive dividends or payments or advances from our subsidiaries’ businesses depends on their individual operating results, any statutory, regulatory or contractual
 
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restrictions to which they are or may become subject and the terms of their indebtedness and any additional debt they may incur in the future. From time to time, our subsidiaries may consider opportunities to refinance such debt, including through use of cash on hand and capital markets transactions. Accordingly, our ability to make payments to third parties and to otherwise meet our financial obligations at the holding company level is constricted.
We do not own Truist Park and any failure to comply with the terms of the Stadium Operating Agreement for Truist Park could result in the termination of our operating subsidiaries’ rights to operate, and play home games at Truist Park, which could adversely impact the Braves’ reputation and our baseball business, financial condition and results of operations.
The Braves play their home games at Truist Park pursuant to the Stadium Operating Agreement entered into with Cobb County and the Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority, which owns Truist Park (the Stadium Operating Agreement). The Stadium Operating Agreement obligates the Braves to play all home games in Truist Park through the 2046 season, with a 5-year extension option to 2051.
The Stadium Operating Agreement is terminable by Cobb County and the Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority upon the occurrence of certain events of default, including, subject to certain exceptions and applicable cure periods: (i) failure of the Braves to pay any amount due and owing under the Stadium Operating Agreement, including the annual license fees, within ten business days after written notice; (ii) failure of the Braves to perform any material agreement or provision of the Stadium Operating Agreement; (iii) the Braves failure to guarantee certain other payment and performance obligations relating to the construction and maintenance of Truist Park; and (iv) failure by the Braves to play all home games at Truist Park. The Stadium Operating Agreement provides that any termination of the agreement will not be effective until the conclusion of the then current MLB season, including any applicable post-season games. The Stadium Operating Agreement also grants the Braves a right of first refusal in connection with any sale by Cobb County and the Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority of their interests in Truist Park and provides the Braves with an exclusive option to purchase Truist Park during the twelve month period ending six months prior to the expiration or termination of the Stadium Operating Agreement.
If certain of our subsidiaries were to breach or become unable to satisfy their obligations under or relating to the Stadium Operating Agreement, such subsidiaries’ right to operate Truist Park, including their right to play home games at Truist Park, could be terminated. If the Stadium Operating Agreement is terminated, and the operating subsidiaries determine not to exercise their right of first refusal or exclusive option to purchase, or are unable to exercise such rights or unsuccessful in exercising such rights, there is no guarantee that we would be able to secure alternative facilities for the Braves without a significant disruption to our baseball business. Any termination of the Stadium Operating Agreement could adversely impact the Braves’ reputation and our baseball business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our subsidiaries have incurred and are expected to continue to incur significant indebtedness, including borrowings used or to be used to finance the construction, development and/or ongoing operations of Braves Holdings, the Braves’ stadium, the Mixed-Use Development and a spring training facility, which could negatively impact our financial condition.
Braves Holdings has, directly or indirectly through subsidiaries, taken on a significant level of debt and increased expenses related to the development of the Braves’ stadium, the Mixed-Use Development and our spring training facility. As of June 30, 2023, Braves Holdings had approximately $211.7 million outstanding under various debt instruments for construction and other stadium-related costs, $301.1 million outstanding under various credit facilities and loans for the Mixed-Use Development and $30.0 million outstanding under a credit facility for the spring training facility. These construction and development expenditures will increase our costs and indebtedness in the near term, which could have a negative impact on Braves Holdings’ credit worthiness and the value of our common stock.
Our financial performance may be materially adversely affected if we do not experience the anticipated benefits of the Mixed-Use Development in the near term or at all.
Braves Holdings is incurring a significant amount of capital expenditures and indebtedness in connection with the construction and development of the Mixed-Use Development. Although we believe that the new
 
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stadium and Mixed-Use Development will result in a material increase in revenue over the short and long term, including as a result of increased game attendance and rental income from the Mixed-Use Development, no assurance can be given that attendance will increase as anticipated or that the potential benefits of the Mixed-Use Development will be fully realized. To the extent that the long-term anticipated benefits of the Mixed-Use Development do not materialize and we do not experience sustained revenue, our increased costs, including our new debt service obligations, could materially adversely affect our financial results, which is likely to suppress the value of our common stock.
Development activities, such as those associated with the Mixed-Use Development, are subject to significant risks.
Risks associated with real estate development projects, such as the Mixed-Use Development, relate to, among other items, adverse changes in national market conditions (which can result from political, regulatory, economic or other factors), increases in interest rates, competition for, and the financial condition of, tenants, the cyclical nature of property markets, adverse local market conditions, changes in the availability of debt financing, real estate tax rates and other operating expenses, zoning laws and other governmental rules and fiscal policies, energy prices, population trends, risks and operating problems arising out of the presence of certain construction materials, acts of God, uninsurable losses and other factors which are beyond the control of the developer and may make the underlying investments economically unattractive. Development activities also involve the risk that construction may not be completed within budget or on schedule because of cost overruns, work stoppages, shortages of building materials, the inability of contractors to perform their obligations under construction contracts, defects in plans and specifications or various other factors, including natural disasters, which may be exacerbated by climate change. In addition, Braves Holdings has only been managing the Mixed-Use Development since 2017 and although real estate developers and other real estate experts have been engaged to assist us in our efforts, we may not be able to fully realize the projected long-term returns and benefits of our real estate development efforts. Any of these risks could result in substantial unanticipated delays or expenses associated with the Mixed-Use Development, which could have an adverse effect on our financial condition and suppress the value of our common stock.
Additionally, the Mixed-Use Development requires Braves Holdings to comply with various federal, state and local environmental, health, safety and land use laws and regulations. The properties are subject to such laws and regulations relating to the use, storage, disposal, emission and release of hazardous and non-hazardous substances and employee health and safety as well as zoning restrictions. Additional laws which may be passed in the future, or a finding of a violation of or liability under existing laws, could require us to make significant expenditures and otherwise limit or restrict some of our operations or developments.
Climate change may also have indirect effects on the Mixed-Use Development by increasing the cost of, or making unavailable, property insurance on terms we find acceptable. To the extent that significant changes in the climate occur where the Mixed-Use Development is located, we may experience more frequent extreme weather events, which may result in physical damage to the Mixed-Use Development or its lessees’ facilities and may adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Failure of lessees of the Mixed-Use Development to renew their leases as they expire and improvement costs associated with new leases may adversely impact our cash flow from operations, which could negatively impact our financial condition.
If Mixed-Use Development lessees do not renew their leases as they expire, we may not be able to re-lease that space in the Mixed-Use Development. In addition, in connection with securing lease renewals or re-leasing properties, we may agree to terms that are less economically favorable than expiring lease terms, or we may be required to incur significant costs, such as renovations and improvements on behalf of the lessee. Furthermore, a significant portion of the costs of owning property, such as real estate taxes, insurance and maintenance, are not necessarily reduced when circumstances cause a decrease in rental revenue from the properties. Any of these events could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and our ability to service our indebtedness, which could negatively impact our financial condition.
 
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Negative market conditions or adverse events affecting existing or potential lessees of the Mixed-Use Development or the industries in which they operate, could have an adverse impact on our ability to attract new lessees, collect rent or renew leases at the Mixed-Use Development, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and inhibit growth.
Cash flow from operations depends in part on our ability to lease space in the Mixed-Use Development on economically favorable terms and to collect rent from lessees on a timely basis. We could be adversely affected by various facts and events over which we have limited or no control, such as:

lack of or loss of demand for the amount of commercial and retail space developed and being developed at The Battery Atlanta;

inability to retain existing lessees and attract new lessees;

changes in market rental rates;

declines in lessees’ creditworthiness and ability to pay rent, which may be affected by their operations, economic downturns and competition within their industries from other operators;

defaults by and bankruptcies of lessees, failure of lessees to pay rent on a timely basis, or failure of lessees to comply with their contractual obligations;

economic or physical decline of the areas around Truist Park and The Mixed-Use Development; and

deterioration of physical condition of properties in the Mixed-Use Development.
At any time, any Mixed-Use Development lessee may experience a downturn in its business that may weaken its operating results or overall financial condition. As a result, such lessee may delay lease commencement, fail to make rental payments when due, decline to extend a lease upon its expiration, become insolvent or declare bankruptcy. The bankruptcy or insolvency of a Mixed-Use Development lessee could diminish the revenue we receive as a result of a lease termination or other concessions, such as reduced rent payable, and our ability to seek payment for unpaid future rent would be substantially limited, if not eliminated. Any lessee bankruptcy or insolvency, leasing delay or failure to make rental payments when due could result in material losses to us and could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and our ability to service our indebtedness.
Braves Holdings has been, and may continue to be, materially impacted by COVID-19 and may be materially impacted by a future pandemic or epidemic.
The global spread of COVID-19 prompted most local, state, federal and foreign governmental agencies to impose travel restrictions and local quarantines or stay at home restrictions to contain the spread. As a result, the business operations of Braves Holdings initially were largely, if not completely, suspended at the outset of COVID-19. Prior to late-July 2020, all MLB games were postponed, with a portion of spring training in 2020 for teams also having been cancelled. The Mixed-Use Development was affected due to the impacts of these restrictions on retail as well as restaurants, which had initially been limited to take-out and/or delivery service. However, beginning in July 2020, MLB resumed games, although with no fan attendance.
The Braves’ 2021 regular baseball season was comprised of 161 games, which approximates the number of regular season games held in years prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. Braves Holdings had limitations on the number of fans in attendance at certain games in 2021, thereby reducing revenue associated with fan attendance. It is unclear whether and to what extent future COVID-19 concerns will continue to impact the use of and/or demand for the entertainment and events provided by Braves Holdings and demand for sponsorship and advertising assets. If Braves Holdings continues to face cancelled events and reduced attendance, the impact may substantially decrease our revenue. Due to the revenue reductions caused by COVID-19 in 2020 and 2021, Braves Holdings has looked to reduce expenses, but should such impacts resume, Braves Holdings may not be able to reduce expenses to the same degree as any decline in revenue, which may adversely affect our results of operations and cash flow.
In addition, Braves Holdings is particularly sensitive to reductions in discretionary consumer spending. We cannot predict the time period over which its businesses will be impacted by COVID-19 or a future pandemic or epidemic. Over the long-term, COVID-19 or a future pandemic or epidemic could impede
 
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economic activity in impacted regions or globally, causing a global recession, leading to a further decline in discretionary spending on sports and entertainment events and other leisure activities, which could result in long-term effects on our businesses. Such pandemics or epidemics could also heighten the occurrence and impact of other risk factors described in this “Risk Factors” section.
Even as our businesses have resumed more normal operations, there can be no assurances that fans attending events or vendors and employees working at Braves events will not contract COVID-19 or another illness in the course of attending or providing services. Any such occurrence could result in litigation, legal and other costs, insufficient staff or supply to provide services and reputational risk that could materially and adversely impact our businesses and results of operations. Even after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, the U.S. economy may experience a recession, and we anticipate our businesses and operations could be materially adversely affected by a prolonged recession in the U.S.
Weak economic conditions may reduce consumer demand for products, services and events offered by us.
A weak economy as a result of inflation and any recession, could adversely affect demand for our products, services and events. A substantial portion of our revenue is derived from discretionary spending by individuals on tickets, including postseason games, concessions, merchandise, suites and premium seat fees, which typically falls during times of economic instability. In addition, weak economic conditions and reductions in discretionary spending may adversely impact the demand for products and services of our Mixed-Use Development lessees which may weaken the financial condition of such lessees. As a result, such lessees may delay lease commencement, fail to make rental payments or become insolvent. See “— Negative market conditions or adverse events affecting existing or potential lessees of the Mixed-Use Development or the industries in which they operate, could have an adverse impact on our ability to attract new lessees, re-lease space, collect rent or renew leases at the Mixed-Use Development, which could adversely affect our cash flow from operations and inhibit growth” above. Accordingly, our ability to increase or maintain revenue and earnings could be adversely affected to the extent that relevant economic environments decline. While we are currently unable to predict the extent of any of these potential adverse effects in the future, as of June 30, 2023, we do not believe that our operations have been materially impacted by recent inflationary pressures.
Fans attending professional baseball games risk personal injury or accident, which could subject us to personal injury or other claims and could increase our expenses.
Personal injuries and accidents involving fans attending professional baseball games have occurred, and may in the future occur, which could subject us to claims and liabilities for personal injuries which could increase expenses. While we maintain insurance policies that provide coverage within limits that are sufficient, in management’s judgment, to protect us from material financial loss for personal injuries sustained by persons at our venues, there can be no assurance that such insurance will be adequate at all times and in all circumstances.
We may be adversely affected by the occurrence of extraordinary events, such as terrorist attacks.
The occurrence and threat of extraordinary events, such as terrorist attacks, intentional or unintentional mass-casualty incidents, natural disasters or similar events, may substantially decrease the attendance at professional baseball games, which may decrease our revenue or expose us to substantial liability.
While we constantly evaluate the security precautions for our events, no security measures can guarantee safety. Despite our best efforts, some occurrences or actions are difficult to foresee and adequately plan for, which could lead to fan, vendor and/or employee harm resulting in fines, penalties, legal costs and reputational risk that could materially and adversely impact our business and results of operations.
Poor weather may adversely affect attendance at professional baseball games.
Due to weather conditions, we may be required to cancel or reschedule one or more baseball games to another available day, which could increase our costs and could negatively impact attendance, as well as concession and merchandise sales, which could negatively impact our financial performance. The frequency and severity of such adverse weather conditions could increase as a result of climate change.
 
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Data loss or other breaches of our network security could materially harm our business and results of operations.
Penetration of our network or other misappropriation or misuse of personal or sensitive information and data, including credit card information and other personally identifiable information, could subject us to increased costs, litigation, actions from governmental authorities, and financial or other liabilities. In addition, security breaches, incidents or the inability to protect information could lead to ticketing fraud and counterfeit tickets. Security breaches and incidents could also result in significant costs related to remediation efforts. Any of the foregoing could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The chapter 11 bankruptcy filing by Diamond Sports Group may interrupt the regional broadcasting of Braves games, which may adversely impact the Braves’ fan base and results of operations.
Diamond Sports Group, a subsidiary of Sinclair Broadcasting Group which licenses and distributes sports content in various regional markets, including the Braves games (other than nationally televised games) in the Braves home television territory, filed for chapter 11 protection in March 2023. As a result of the chapter 11 proceeding, we may be required to repay up to $34.2 million, the amount remitted to us and our subsidiaries during the 90-day preference period preceding the filing. In addition, if Sportsouth Network II, LLC, a subsidiary of Diamond Sports Group, elects to reject the regional sports broadcasting license in the bankruptcy proceeding, regional broadcast rights will revert to us, and we will attempt to find a replacement broadcaster to produce and distribute Braves games but there is no assurance they will be successful, and we and our subsidiaries may not receive any revenue from Sportsouth Network II during the remaining contract term and would be required to write down accounts receivable and contract asset amounts of $24.4 million recorded on our condensed combined balance sheet as of June 30, 2023. Any interruption of the regional broadcasting of Braves games due to the chapter 11 bankruptcy may adversely impact the Braves’ fan base and our results of operations. In addition to any lost broadcast revenue or incurred credit losses, we may also incur additional expenses in negotiating a replacement regional broadcast license or an alternative arrangement. While the pending bankruptcy proceeding of Diamond Sports Group has not previously had a material unfavorable impact on our revenue or results of operations, we cannot currently predict whether such bankruptcy proceeding is reasonably likely to have a material unfavorable impact on our revenue or results of operations in the future.
We and our subsidiaries have operations outside of the United States that are subject to numerous operational risks.
We and our subsidiaries operate in countries other than the United States, including the Dominican Republic. In many foreign countries, particularly in certain developing economies, it is not uncommon to encounter business practices that are prohibited by certain regulations, such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and similar laws. Although we and our subsidiaries have undertaken compliance efforts with respect to these laws, our respective employees, contractors and agents, as well as those companies to which we outsource certain of our business operations, may take actions in violation of our policies and procedures. Any such violation, even if prohibited by the policies and procedures of our subsidiaries and business affiliates or the law, could have certain adverse effects on the financial condition of us, our subsidiaries and business affiliates. Any failure by us, our subsidiaries and business affiliates to effectively manage the challenges associated with the international operation of our and/or their businesses could materially adversely affect our and our subsidiaries’ financial condition.
Factors Relating to Ownership of Our Common Stock and the Securities Market
Our stock price has, and may continue to, fluctuate significantly.
We cannot predict the prices at which BATRA, BATRB or BATRK may trade or be quoted, as applicable. The market price of our common stock has, and may continue to, fluctuate significantly due to a number of factors (none of which can be guaranteed to occur), including those described in this “Risk Factors” section and elsewhere in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, some of which may be beyond our control, including:

actual or anticipated fluctuations in our operating results;
 
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changes in earnings estimated by securities analysts or our ability to meet those estimates;

the operating and stock price performance of comparable companies; and

domestic and foreign economic conditions.
Our multi-series structure may depress the trading price of the shares of our common stock.
Our multi-series structure may result in a lower or more volatile market price of the shares of our common stock or in adverse publicity or other adverse consequences. For example, certain index providers have announced restrictions on including companies with multi-series share structures in certain of their indexes. S&P Dow Jones and FTSE Russell have announced changes to their eligibility criteria for inclusion of shares of public companies on certain indices, including the S&P 500. These changes exclude companies with multiple classes of shares of common stock from being added to these indices. Any such exclusion from indices could result in a less active trading market for, and adversely affect the value of, the shares of our common stock, in part because mutual funds, exchange-traded funds and other investment vehicles that attempt to passively track these indices will not be investing in the shares of our common stock. In addition, several stockholder advisory firms have announced their opposition to the use of multiple-class structures. As a result, the multi-series structure of our common stock may cause stockholder advisory firms to publish negative commentary about our corporate governance practices or otherwise seek to cause us to change our capital structure. Any actions or publications by stockholder advisory firms critical of our corporate governance practices or capital structure could also adversely affect the value of the shares of our common stock.
For as long as we are an emerging growth company, we will not be required to comply with certain reporting requirements, including disclosure about our executive compensation, that apply to other public companies.
We are classified as an “emerging growth company” under the JOBS Act. As a result, we have reduced Sarbanes-Oxley Act compliance requirements, as discussed elsewhere, for as long as we are an emerging growth company, which may be up to five full fiscal years. Unlike other public companies, we will not be required to, among other things, (i) comply with certain audit-related requirements that we would otherwise be subject to but for our status as an emerging growth company, (ii) provide certain disclosure regarding executive compensation required of larger public companies or (iii) hold non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation.
To the extent that we rely on any of the exemptions available to emerging growth companies, you will receive less information about our executive compensation and internal control over financial reporting than issuers that are not emerging growth companies. If some investors find our common stock to be less attractive as a result, there may be a less active trading market for our common stock and our stock price may be more volatile.
If we are unable to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, or our internal control over financial reporting is not effective, the reliability of our financial statements may be questioned and our stock price may suffer.
Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires any company subject to the reporting requirements of the U.S. securities laws to complete a comprehensive evaluation of its and its consolidated subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting. To comply with this statute, we will be required to document and test our internal control procedures, our management will be required to assess and issue a report concerning our internal control over financial reporting, and our independent auditors will be required to issue an attestation regarding our internal control over financial reporting. However, as an emerging growth company, we will not be required to have our independent auditors attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting until our first annual report subsequent to ceasing to be an emerging growth company. As a result, we may not be required to have our independent auditors attest to the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting until as late as the annual report for the year ending December 31, 2029. Although we do not expect the annual costs to comply with Section 404 to be significant (based on preliminary assessments), the rules governing the standards that must be met for our management to assess our internal control over financial reporting are complex, subject to change, and require significant
 
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documentation, testing and possible remediation to meet the detailed standards under the rules. During the course of its testing, our management may identify material weaknesses or deficiencies which may not be remedied in time to meet the deadline imposed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. If our management cannot favorably assess the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting when we are required to do so or our auditors identify material weaknesses in our internal control, investor confidence in our financial results may weaken, and our stock price may suffer.
It may be difficult for a third party to acquire us, even if doing so may be beneficial to our stockholders.
Certain provisions of our restated charter and bylaws may discourage, delay or prevent a change in control of us that a stockholder may consider favorable. These provisions include the following:

(i) no person may own 10% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock and (ii) no person may (A) own 50% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock or (B) have the ability to exercise control over our business affairs unless, in the case of clause (i) or clause (ii), such person is expressly approved by MLB (which, in the case of clause (i), includes GAMCO Investors, Inc.) or qualifies as an exempt person (which includes Gregory B. Maffei, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, John C. Malone, or any person approved by MLB as the “control person” of the Braves and certain related persons of the foregoing, as well as Liberty Media until such time as Liberty Media no longer owns 10% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock without retaining any power, including, without limitation, voting power, with respect to such shares);

authorizing a capital structure with multiple series of common stock: a Series B that entitles the holders to ten votes per share, a Series A that entitles the holders to one vote per share, and a Series C that, except as otherwise required by applicable law, entitles the holders to no voting rights;

classifying our board of directors with staggered three-year terms, which may lengthen the time required to gain control of our board of directors;

limiting who may call special meetings of stockholders;

prohibiting stockholder action by written consent (subject to certain exceptions), thereby requiring stockholder action to be taken at a meeting of the stockholders;

requiring stockholder approval by holders of at least 6623% of our voting power with respect to certain extraordinary matters, such as a merger or consolidation of us, a sale of all or substantially all of our assets or an amendment to our restated charter (except in the event approved by at least 75% of our board of directors);

establishing advance notice requirements for nominations of candidates for election to our board of directors or for proposing matters that can be acted upon by stockholders at stockholder meetings; and

the existence of authorized and unissued stock, including “blank check” preferred stock, which could be issued by our board of directors to persons friendly to our then current management, thereby protecting the continuity of our management, or which could be used to dilute the stock ownership of persons seeking to obtain control of us.
Our restated charter includes restrictions on the share ownership of our common stock by certain persons, which if triggered would result in an immediate transfer of the applicable number of shares to a trust for the benefit of the applicable transferor. In addition, MLB rules require that any person or group seeking to acquire a controlling interest in us or the Braves must receive the prior approval of MLB. Such limitations and approval requirements may restrict any change of control or business combination opportunities in which our stockholders might receive a premium for shares of our common stock.
To comply with the policies of MLB, our restated charter provides that, subject to certain exceptions: (i) employees of MLB and related entities may not own our common stock, (ii) persons who are owners, stockholders, directors, officers or employees of any MLB Club other than the Braves may not own 5% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock, (iii) no person may own 10% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock and (iv) no person may (A) own 50% or more of the
 
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number of outstanding shares of our common stock or (B) have the ability to exercise control over our business affairs unless, in the case of clause (iii) or clause (iv), such person is expressly approved by MLB (which, in the case of clause (iii), includes GAMCO Investors, Inc.) or qualifies as an exempt holder (which includes Gregory B. Maffei, our Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, John C. Malone, or any person approved by MLB as the “control person” of the Braves and certain related persons of each of the foregoing, as well as Liberty Media until such time as Liberty Media no longer owns 10% or more of the number of outstanding shares of our common stock without retaining any power, including, without limitation, voting power, with respect to such shares). In the event that a holder attempts to acquire shares of our common stock in violation of these restrictions, the applicable excess shares will automatically be transferred to a trust whereby such shares shall be held for the benefit of the excess share transferor, and subject to the ownership or control thresholds described in the above clauses (ii), (iii) and (iv) which is purported to be breached, such excess shares may be sold for cash, on the open market, in privately negotiated transactions or otherwise, except that to the extent the purported transfer is in violation of clause (iv)(B), then such excess shares that are shares of BATRB will first be converted to shares of BATRA. No assurance can be given that the trust will be able to sell the shares at a price that is equal to or greater than the price paid by the holder. In addition, the holder’s right to receive the net proceeds of the sale, as well as any dividends or other distributions to which the holder would otherwise be entitled, will be subject to the holder’s compliance with the applicable mechanics included in our restated charter.
In addition to the influence Mr. Malone could exercise in respect of his voting power (see “— Factors Relating to our Corporate History and the Split-Off — Mr. Malone owns shares of our common stock representing approximately 47.5% of our aggregate voting power (based on the number of shares of our common stock outstanding as of July 19, 2023), which may be deemed to put him in a position to influence significant corporate actions and may discourage others from initiating a potential change of control transaction that may be beneficial to our stockholders.”), the share ownership limitations and MLB approvals required for certain transfers of shares of our common stock, in each case included in our restated charter, may have an anti-takeover effect, potentially discouraging third parties from making proposals for acquisitions of greater than 10% of our common stock or a change of control transaction. In addition, if MLB does not provide approval of a specific transaction, these provisions could prevent a transaction in which holders of our common stock might receive a premium for their shares over the then-prevailing market price or which our board of directors or stockholders might believe to be otherwise in the best interest of us and our stockholders. For more information on the excess share provision in our restated charter and the circumstances under which any holder may be restricted or otherwise exempted from certain restrictions on voting power, see “Description of Capital Stock — Restrictions on Ownership; Transfer of Excess Shares to a Trust.”
Our directors and officers are protected from liability for a broad range of actions.
Nevada law has a provision limiting or eliminating the individual liability of both directors and officers unless the articles of incorporation provide for greater liability. A director or officer of a Nevada corporation is not liable unless the presumption that such person acted in good faith, on an informed basis and with a view to the interests of the corporation has been rebutted. In addition, there must be proof both that the act or failure to act constituted a breach of a fiduciary duty as a director or officer and that such breach involved intentional misconduct, fraud or a knowing violation of law. In addition, the Nevada provision permitting limitation of liability applies to both directors and officers and expressly applies to liabilities owed to creditors of the corporation.
Our restated charter provides that the Eighth Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada shall be the exclusive forum for certain litigation that may be initiated by our stockholders, and that the federal courts shall be the exclusive forum for claims under the Securities Act; these provisions could limit our stockholders’ ability to obtain a favorable judicial forum for disputes with us or our directors, officers or employees.
Our restated charter provides that, subject to limited exceptions, the Eighth Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada in Clark County, Nevada (the Nevada Eighth Judicial District Court) (or if the Nevada Eighth Judicial District Court does not have jurisdiction, any other state district court located in the State of Nevada, and if no state district court in the State of Nevada has jurisdiction, any federal court located in the State of Nevada) shall, to the fullest extent permitted by law, be the exclusive forum for certain specified types of “internal actions” as defined under Nevada law, including (a) those brought in our name or right or
 
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on our behalf; (b) those for or based upon a breach of fiduciary duty against any director, officer, employee or agent of ours in such capacity; (c) those arising pursuant to, or to interpret, apply, enforce or determine the validity of, any provision of the Nevada corporation laws, the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or certain voting agreements or trusts.
In addition, our restated charter provides that the federal district courts of the United States shall be, to the fullest extent provided by law, the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act. In addition, Section 27 of the Exchange Act creates exclusive federal jurisdiction over all suits brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations thereunder.
These choice of forum provisions may otherwise limit a stockholder’s ability to bring a claim in a judicial forum that it finds favorable for disputes with us or our directors, officers, employees or agents, which may discourage such lawsuits against us and our directors, officers, employees and agents. Stockholders who do bring a claim in the Nevada Eighth Judicial District Court could face additional litigation costs in pursuing any such claim, particularly if they do not reside in or near the State of Nevada. The Nevada Eighth Judicial District Court may also reach different judgments or results than would other courts, including courts where a stockholder considering an action may be located or would otherwise choose to bring the action, and such judgments or results may be more favorable to us than to our stockholders. Similarly, the federal district courts may also reach different judgments in Securities Act cases than state courts. Alternatively, if a court were to find the choice of forum provision contained in our restated charter to be inapplicable or unenforceable in an action, we may incur additional costs associated with resolving such action in other jurisdictions, which could adversely affect our business and financial condition.
The holders of any series of our common stock, or the holders of our common stock as a whole, may not have any remedies if an action by our directors or officers prioritizes other interests or has a disparate effect on our common stock or any series thereof.
Principles of Nevada law and the provisions of our restated charter may protect decisions of our board of directors that weigh interests different from those of the holders of our common stock, or any series thereof, or that have a disparate impact upon holders of any series of our common stock. Under Nevada law, the board of directors has the duty to exercise its powers in good faith and with a view to the interests of the corporation. In doing so, the board of directors may consider all relevant facts, circumstances, contingencies or constituencies, including, without limitation, the interests of the corporation’s employees, suppliers, creditors or customers; the economy of the state or the nation; the interests of the community or of society; the long-term or short-term interests of the corporation, including the possibility that these interests may be best served by the continued independence of the corporation; or the long-term or short-term interests of the corporation’s stockholders, including the possibility that these interests may be best served by the continued independence of the corporation. Directors may consider or assign weight to the interests of any particular person or group, or to any other relevant facts, circumstances, contingencies or constituencies and are not required to consider, as a dominant factor, the effect of a proposed corporate action upon any particular group or constituency having an interest in the corporation. Under the principles of Nevada law referred to above and the business judgment rule, you may not be successful in challenging these decisions if a majority of our board of directors is disinterested, independent and adequately informed with respect to decisions of the board and acts in good faith and in the honest belief that the board is acting in the best interests of all of our stockholders.
Our multi-series voting structure may limit your ability to influence corporate matters and future issuances of BATRB may further dilute voting power of shares of BATRA.
Our common stock is divided into three series of common stock: BATRA, BATRB and BATRK. Holders of record of BATRA are entitled to one vote for each share of such stock and holders of record of BATRB are entitled to ten votes for each share of such stock on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders. Holders of record of BATRK will not be entitled to any voting rights, except as otherwise required by Nevada law. When so required, holders of record of BATRK will be entitled to 1/100th of a vote for each share of such stock. Our restated charter does not provide for cumulative voting in the election of directors and permits future issuances of BATRA, BATRB and BATRK. Any future issuances of BATRA, BATRB or BATRK may dilute your interest in the Company.
 
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CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain statements in this prospectus constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our business, product and marketing strategies; new service offerings; the recoverability of our goodwill and other long-lived assets; our projected sources and uses of cash; and the anticipated impact of certain contingent liabilities related to legal and tax proceedings and other matters arising in the ordinary course of business. In particular, statements in “Risk Factors,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition,” “U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations for Non-U.S. Holders,” and “Business,” contain forward-looking statements. Where, in any forward-looking statement, we express an expectation or belief as to future results or events, such expectation or belief is expressed in good faith and believed to have a reasonable basis, but there can be no assurance that our expectation or belief will result or be achieved or accomplished. In addition to the risk factors described herein under “Risk Factors,” the following include some but not all of the factors (as they relate to our combined subsidiaries and equity affiliates) that could cause actual results or events to differ materially from those anticipated:

our ability to recognize anticipated benefits from the Split-Off;

the possibility that the Split-Off may have unexpected costs;

the continuing global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other health-related risks and events on our customers, vendors and businesses generally;

our ability to obtain additional financing on acceptable terms and cash in amounts sufficient to service debt and other financial obligations;

our indebtedness could adversely affect operations and could limit our ability to react to changes in the economy or our industry;

our ability to realize the benefits of acquisitions or other strategic investments;

the impact of inflation and weak economic conditions on consumer demand for products, services and events offered by our businesses;

the outcome of pending or future litigation or investigations;

the operational risks that we, our subsidiaries and business affiliates with operations outside of the United States face;

our ability to use net operating loss, disallowed business interest and tax credit carryforwards to reduce future tax payments;

our ability to comply with government regulations, including, without limitation, FCC requirements, consumer protection laws and competition laws, and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;

the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which we operate;

changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, vendors and joint venturers;

the impact of organized labor on the Company;

the impact of an expansion of Major League Baseball;

the level of broadcasting revenue that Braves Holdings receives;

the impact of the Mixed-Use Development on the Company and our ability to manage the project; and

geopolitical incidents, accidents, terrorist acts, natural disasters, including the effects of climate change, or other events that cause one or more events to be cancelled or postponed, are not covered by insurance, or cause reputational damage to us or our subsidiaries and business affiliates.
These forward-looking statements and such risks, uncertainties and other factors speak only as of the date of this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, and we expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to disseminate any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statement contained herein or therein, to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto, or any other change in
 
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events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. When considering such forward-looking statements, you should keep in mind the factors described in “Risk Factors” and other cautionary statements contained in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. Such risk factors and statements describe circumstances that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.
 
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USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of our Series C common stock being registered pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part.
 
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DIVIDEND POLICY
We have no present intention to pay cash dividends on our stock. All decisions regarding payment of dividends by the Company will be made by our board of directors in accordance with applicable law after taking into account various factors, including our financial condition, operating results, current and anticipated cash needs, and possible loan covenants which may restrict or prohibit payment of dividends.
 
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MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
As used herein “we,” “our,” “us” and “the Company” refer to Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc.
The following discussion and analysis provides information concerning our results of operations and financial condition. This discussion should be read in conjunction with our accompanying combined financial statements and the notes thereto.
Overview
We were previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media. Upon completion of the Split-Off, we became an independent, publicly traded company, and following the disposition by Liberty Media of the shares of Series C common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus, including through the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will not retain any ownership interest in the Company. We are a holding company and our principal assets consist of Braves Holdings and cash. Braves Holdings (collectively with its subsidiaries) is the owner and operator of the Braves and certain assets and liabilities associated with the Braves’ ballpark and Braves Holdings’ Mixed-Use Development, The Battery Atlanta.
Strategies and Challenges
Executive Summary
Our financial results depend in large part on the ability of the Braves to achieve on-field success. The team’s successes generate significant fan enthusiasm, resulting in sustained ticket, premium seating, concession and merchandise sales, and greater shares of local broadcasting audiences during periods of success. Braves Holdings’ management focuses on making operational and business decisions that enhance the on-field performance of the Braves and this may sometimes require implementing strategies and making investments that may negatively impact short-term profitability for the sake of immediate on-field success. See “Risk Factors — Factors Relating to Our Business — Focus on team performance, and decisions by management, may negatively impact financial results in the short-term.”
Braves Holdings, together with third party development partners, developed a significant portion of the land around Truist Park, the Braves’ stadium, creating a 2.25 million square-foot mixed-use complex that features retail, residential, office, hotel and entertainment opportunities, known as The Battery Atlanta. We believe that the continued development and operations of The Battery Atlanta will result in increased game attendance as well as office and retail rental income (including overage rent and tenant reimbursements), and income from parking and corporate sponsorships throughout the year.
The Company manages its business based on the following reportable segments: baseball and mixed-use development.
Our baseball segment includes our operations relating to Braves baseball and Truist Park and includes revenue generated from game attendance (ticket sales), concessions, advertising sponsorships, suites and premium seat fees, broadcasting rights, retail and licensing.
Our mixed-use development segment includes retail, office, hotel and entertainment operations within The Battery Atlanta.
Results of Operations — June 30, 2023 and 2022
General.   Provided in the tables below is information regarding our historical Condensed Combined Operating Results and Other Income and Expense, as well as information regarding the contribution to those items from our reportable segments. The “corporate and other” category consists of those assets which do not qualify as a separate reportable segment.
In December 2021, the collective bargaining agreement, which requires MLB clubs to sign players using a uniform contract, expired and MLB commenced a lockout of the Major League players. As a result of the lockout, the start of the 2022 regular season was delayed. A new five-year collective bargaining
 
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agreement was signed in March 2022 and the regular season began in April. Despite the delayed start of the 2022 season, a full regular season was played.
Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
amounts in thousands
Baseball revenue
$ 254,935 236,918 $ 272,496 246,758
Mixed-Use Development revenue
15,188 13,407 28,599 25,097
Total revenue
270,123 250,325 301,095 271,855
Operating costs and expenses:
Baseball operating costs
(195,458) (169,585) (232,229) (195,811)
Mixed-Use Development costs
(2,273) (2,567) (4,204) (4,310)
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based
compensation
(30,290) (29,932) (53,649) (48,893)
Stock-based compensation
(3,153) (3,063) (6,344) (6,126)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs
(232) (530)
Depreciation and amortization
(19,250) (17,617) (33,929) (35,394)
Operating income (loss)
19,467 27,561 (29,790) (18,679)
Other income (expense):
Interest expense
(9,448) (6,402) (18,360) (12,529)
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates, net
11,462 15,022 10,659 12,143
Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests
(49,409) 34,881 (62,786) 36,103
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net
3,840 1,659 3,079 6,460
Gains (losses) on dispositions, net
2,503 28 2,503 20,215
Other, net
813 143 1,654 168
Earnings (loss) before income taxes
(20,772) 72,892 (93,041) 43,881
Income tax benefit (expense)
(8,141) (9,193) 6,152 (3,217)
Net earnings (loss)
$ (28,913) 63,699 $ (86,889) 40,664
Adjusted OIBDA
42,102 48,241 11,013 22,841
Regular season home games
43 41 43 41
Average number of attendees per regular season home game
32,556 31,839 32,556 31,839
Baseball revenue.   Baseball revenue is derived from two primary sources on an annual basis: baseball event revenue (ticket sales, concessions, advertising sponsorships, suites and premium seat fees) and broadcasting revenue. The following table disaggregates baseball revenue by source:
Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
amounts in thousands
Baseball event
$ 162,368 145,116 $ 163,486 146,203
Broadcasting
68,558 63,745 69,449 63,745
Retail and licensing
19,747 17,755 24,122 21,610
Other
4,262 10,302 15,439 15,200
Total Baseball
$ 254,935 236,918 $ 272,496 246,758
 
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Baseball event revenue increased $17.3 million during each of the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, due to increased ticket demand and attendance at regular season games and an increase in the number of regular season home games during 2023. Broadcasting revenue increased $4.8 million and $5.7 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to an increase in the number of regular season games, as well as contractual rate increases. Retail and licensing revenue increased $2.0 million and $2.5 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, due to increased attendance at regular season games and demand for City Connect apparel, partially offset by a reduction in demand for World Series Champions apparel. Other revenue, a component of baseball revenue, decreased $6.0 million during the three months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to corresponding period in the prior year, primarily due to fewer concerts at the stadium. Other revenue was relatively flat during the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year, primarily due to a $3.9 million increase in spring training related revenue (ticket sales, concession revenue and other gameday related revenue), driven by a six game increase in spring training home games, and revenue from additional special events at Truist Park, offset by the impact of fewer concerts at Truist Park. The Braves have a long term local television broadcasting agreement with Sportsouth Network II, LLC. Diamond Sports Group, the parent company of Sportsouth Network II, LLC, is in financial distress and has filed for chapter 11 protection. While the pending bankruptcy proceeding of Diamond Sports Group has not previously had a material unfavorable impact on the Company’s revenue and the Company continues to receive scheduled payments from Diamond Sports Group, we cannot currently predict whether such bankruptcy proceeding is reasonably likely to have a material unfavorable impact on our revenue in the future.
Mixed-Use Development revenue.   Mixed-Use Development revenue is derived from the mixed-use facilities and primarily includes rental income and to a lesser extent, parking revenue and sponsorships. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, Mixed-Use Development revenue increased $1.8 million and $3.5 million, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to $1.2 million and $2.6 million increases in rental income, respectively, driven by $0.7 million and $1.7 million increases in tenant recoveries, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.8 million increases primarily related to various new lease agreements, respectively.
Baseball operating costs.   Baseball operating costs primarily include costs associated with baseball and stadium operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, baseball operating expenses increased $25.9 million and $36.4 million, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to $11.0 million and $13.2 million increases in major league player salaries, respectively, $6.8 million and $7.5 million increases under MLB’s revenue sharing plan, as well as other shared expenses, respectively, $3.8 million and $4.5 million increases in variable concession and retail operating costs, respectively, $1.6 million and $2.4 million increases in minor league team and player expenses, respectively, and other increases in various major league baseball team operation and facility expenses. Additional increases in baseball operating costs of $2.8 million were driven by increased spring training related expenses (facility and game day operations, travel, and other variable expenses) due to the impact of additional games during the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year.
Mixed-Use Development costs.   Mixed-Use Development costs primarily include costs associated with maintaining and operating the mixed-use facilities. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, Mixed-Use Development costs were relatively flat, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year.
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation.   Selling, general and administrative expense includes costs of marketing, advertising, finance and related personnel costs. Selling, general and administrative expense was relatively flat and increased $4.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year. The increase for the six months ended June 30, 2023 was primarily driven by costs related to the Split-off.
Stock-based compensation.   Stock-based compensation was relatively flat during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year.
 
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Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs.   Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs includes charges associated with hurricane damage to the Atlanta Braves’ spring training facility located in North Port, Florida.
Depreciation and amortization.   Depreciation and amortization increased $1.6 million during the three months ended June 30, 2023 as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year due to an increase in amortization expense related to amateur player rights. Depreciation and amortization decreased $1.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2023, as compared to the corresponding period in the prior year due to various assets becoming fully depreciated.
Operating income (loss).   Operating income decreased $8.1 million and operating loss increased $11.1 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, due to the above explanations.
Adjusted OIBDA.   To provide investors with additional information regarding our financial results, we also disclose Adjusted OIBDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. We define Adjusted OIBDA as operating income (loss) plus depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements, restructuring, acquisition and impairment charges. Our chief operating decision maker and management team use this measure of performance in conjunction with other measures to evaluate our businesses and make decisions about allocating resources among our businesses. We believe this is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of our businesses by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each business’ performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows us to view operating results, perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net earnings (loss), cash flows provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The following table provides a reconciliation of Operating income (loss) to Adjusted OIBDA:
Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
amounts in thousands
Operating income (loss)
$ 19,467 27,561 $ (29,790) (18,679)
Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs
232 530
Stock-based compensation
3,153 3,063 6,344 6,126
Depreciation and amortization
19,250 17,617 33,929 35,394
Adjusted OIBDA
$ 42,102 48,241 $ 11,013 22,841
Adjusted OIBDA is summarized as follows:
Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
amounts in thousands
Baseball
$ 37,415 41,685 $ 1,878 10,581
Mixed-Use Development
10,166 8,480 19,319 16,397
Corporate and Other
(5,479) (1,924) (10,184) (4,137)
Total
$ 42,102 48,241 $ 11,013 22,841
Combined Adjusted OIBDA decreased $6.1 million and $11.8 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year.
Baseball Adjusted OIBDA decreased $4.3 million and $8.7 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to the fluctuations in baseball revenue and operating costs, as described above.
 
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Mixed-Use Development Adjusted OIBDA improved $1.7 million and $2.9 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to the fluctuations in Mixed-Use Development revenue and costs, as described above.
Corporate and Other Adjusted OIBDA loss increased $3.6 million and $6.0 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to increases in costs related to the Split-Off.
Interest Expense.   Interest expense increased $3.0 million and $5.8 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to increased interest rates on the Company’s variable rate debt.
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates.   The following table presents our share of earnings (losses) of affiliates:
Three months ended
June 30,
Six months ended
June 30,
2023
2022
2023
2022
amounts in thousands
MLB Advanced Media, L.P.
$ 10,577 13,103 $ 9,334 10,585
Baseball Endowment L.P.
514 865 711 (461)
Other
371 1,054 614 2,019
Total
$ 11,462 15,022 $ 10,659 12,143
Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests.   As the notional shares underlying the intergroup interests were not represented by outstanding shares of common stock, such shares had not been officially designated Series A, B or C Liberty Braves common stock. However, Liberty historically assumed that the notional shares (if and when issued) related to the Liberty Media Formula One Group (Formula One Group) interest in the Braves Group would be comprised of Series C Liberty Braves common stock and the notional shares (if and when issued) related to the Liberty SiriusXM Group interest in the Braves Group would be comprised of Series A Liberty Braves common stock. Therefore, the market prices of Series C Liberty Braves and Series A Liberty Braves common stock were used for the mark-to-market adjustment for the intergroup interests held by Formula One Group and Liberty SiriusXM Group, respectively, through the condensed combined statements of operations. During the second quarter of 2023, Liberty Media determined that, in connection with the Split-Off, shares of Atlanta Braves Holdings Series C common stock would be used to settle and extinguish the intergroup interest in the Braves Group attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group. Accordingly, as of June 30, 2023, the market price of Series C Liberty Braves common stock was used for the mark-to market adjustment for the intergroup interest held by the Liberty SiriusXM Group. Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests were driven by changes in the market prices of Liberty Braves common stock. As disclosed above, the intergroup interests were settled and extinguished in connection with the Split-Off.
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net.   Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net are comprised of changes in the fair value of the Company’s interest rate swaps driven by changes in interest rates.
Gains (losses) on dispositions, net.   During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized a gain on the disposition of a non-financial asset. During the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized a gain on disposition related to the sale of its three Professional Development League clubs, the Gwinnett Stripers, Mississippi Braves and Rome Braves.
Other, net.   Other, net increased $0.7 million and $1.5 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, as compared to the corresponding periods in the prior year, primarily due to increases in dividend and interest income.
Income taxes.   During the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized losses before income taxes of $20.8 million and $93.0 million, respectively, and income tax expense of $8.1 million and income tax benefit of $6.2 million, respectively. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2022,
 
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the Company recognized earnings before income taxes of $72.9 million and $43.9 million, respectively, and income tax expense of $9.2 million and $3.2 million, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized additional tax expense related to intergroup interest losses that are not deductible for tax purposes and tax expense for the effect of state income taxes. For the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company recognized additional tax expense related to intergroup interest losses that are not deductible for tax purposes. For the three months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized tax benefits related to intergroup interest gains that are not taxable, partially offset by tax expense for the effect of state income taxes. For the six months ended June 30, 2022, the Company recognized tax benefits related to intergroup interest gains that are not taxable, partially offset by tax expense related to the reduction of goodwill as a result of the sale of the Professional Development League Clubs that is not deductible for tax purposes.
Net earnings (loss).   The Company had net losses of $28.9 million and $86.9 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2023, respectively, and net earnings of $63.7 million and $40.7 million during the three months ended June 30, 2022, respectively. The changes in net earnings (loss) were the result of the above-described fluctuations in our revenue, expenses and other gains and losses.
Results of Operations — Years Ended December 31, 2022 and 2021
General.   Provided in the tables below is information regarding our historical Combined Operating Results and Other Income and Expense, as well as information regarding the contribution to those items from our reportable segments. The “corporate and other” category consists of those assets that do not qualify as a separate reportable segment.
Limitations on fan attendance at Major League Baseball games as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic were lifted in May 2021.
In December 2021, the Collective Bargaining Agreement, which requires MLB Clubs to sign players using a uniform contract, expired and MLB commenced a lockout of the Major League players. As a result of the lockout, the start of the 2022 regular season was delayed. On March 10, 2022, the Major League Baseball Players Association and the MLB Clubs entered into a Memorandum of Understanding that summarized a tentative agreement on a new collective bargaining agreement commencing with the 2022 season. A new five-year Collective Bargaining Agreement was signed in March 2022 and the regular season began in April. Despite the delayed start of the 2022 season, a full regular season was played.
The Company’s ability to increase or maintain revenue and earnings could be adversely affected to the extent that relevant economic environments decline. While the Company is currently unable to predict the extent of any of these potential adverse effects as of December 31, 2022, the Company does not believe that its operations have been materially impacted by recent inflationary pressures.
Years ended December 31,
2022
2021
dollar amounts in thousands
Baseball revenue
$ 534,984 522,397
Mixed-Use Development revenue
53,577 41,320
Total revenue
588,561 563,717
Operating costs and expenses:
Baseball operating costs
427,832 369,743
Mixed-Use Development costs
8,674 6,603
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation
93,279 84,746
Stock-based compensation
12,233 12,358
Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs
5,427
Depreciation and amortization
71,697 71,024
Operating income (loss)
(30,581) 19,243
 
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Years ended December 31,
2022
2021
dollar amounts in thousands
Other income (expense):
Interest expense
(29,582) (24,471)
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates, net
28,927 31,008
Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests
(35,154) (30,766)
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net
13,067 2,849
Gains (losses) on dispositions, net
20,132 (606)
Other, net
1,674 (571)
Earnings (loss) before income taxes
(31,517) (3,314)
Income tax benefit (expense)
(2,655) (9,692)
Net earnings (loss)
$ (34,172) (13,006)
Adjusted OIBDA
$ 58,776 102,625
Regular season home games
81 79
Postseason home games
2 8
Average number of attendees per regular season home game
31,725 23,968
Baseball revenue.   Baseball revenue is derived from two primary sources: baseball event revenue (ticket sales, concessions, advertising sponsorships, suites and premium seat fees) and broadcasting revenue. Baseball revenue increased $12.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to the prior year. Increased ticket demand and attendance at regular season games and an increase in the number of regular season home games during 2022 drove an increase of $61.7 million in baseball event revenue as compared to 2021. Ticket demand and attendance were lower in 2021, on average, due to capacity limitations existing through early May 2021. The increase in baseball event revenue was partially offset by a decrease of $50.7 million in ticket sales and concession revenue due to fewer postseason games in 2022. Broadcasting revenue decreased $9.0 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to a cumulative catch-up adjustment recorded during the year ended December 31, 2021 as a result of a change in estimated variable transaction price that was constrained in prior periods. The Braves have a long-term local television broadcasting agreement with Sportsouth Network II, LLC. Diamond Sports Group, the parent company of Sportsouth Network II, LLC, is in financial distress and has filed for chapter 11 protection. While the pending bankruptcy proceeding of Diamond Sports Group has not previously had a material unfavorable impact on the Company’s revenue, the Company cannot currently predict whether such bankruptcy proceeding is reasonably likely to have a material unfavorable impact on its revenue in the future. See “Risk Factors — Factors Relating to Our Business — The chapter 11 bankruptcy filing by Diamond Sports Group may interrupt the regional broadcasting of Braves games, which may adversely impact the Braves’ fan base and results of operations” and see “Description of Our Business — Business Operations — Baseball — Television and Radio Broadcasting” for more information regarding the potential impacts of the pending bankruptcy proceeding. Retail and licensing revenue increased $3.7 million in 2022 as compared to 2021, driven by increased attendance at regular season home games and demand for World Series Champions apparel, partially offset by an $8.2 million decrease due to fewer postseason games in 2022. Other revenue increased $6.9 million in 2022 as compared to 2021 due to a higher number of concerts and special events and increased ticket demand at Spring Training games, partially offset by the absence of revenue from the Professional Development League clubs.
Mixed-Use Development revenue.   Mixed-Use Development revenue is derived from the mixed-use facilities and primarily includes rental income and to a lesser extent, parking revenue and sponsorships. For the year ended December 31, 2022, Mixed-Use Development revenue increased $12.3 million, as compared to the prior year, primarily due to a $6.5 million increase in rental income from various new lease commencements in the second half of 2021 at Three Ballpark Center and other lease commencements within the Mixed-Use Development in 2022, $1.3 million increase in overage rent, $1.2 million increase in parking revenue, $1.2 million increase in sponsorship revenue and $1.0 million in rental income relating to tenant recoveries at the Mixed-Use Development.
 
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Baseball operating costs.   Baseball operating costs primarily include costs associated with baseball and stadium operations. For the year ended December 31, 2022, baseball operating expenses increased $58.1 million, as compared to the prior year, primarily due to a $37.8 million increase in player salaries, increases in variable concession and retail operating costs of $10.9 million and $5.8 million, respectively, and increases in other facility and game day expenses driven by increases in the number of regular season and spring training home games, higher attendance and increases in the number of concerts at Truist Park. Additionally, baseball operating expenses increased $14.1 million under MLB’s revenue sharing plan, as well as other shared expenses. These increases were partially offset by a $30.0 million reduction in postseason operating expenses, including stadium and game day operations, team travel expenses and team awards and reductions related to the Company’s Professional Development League clubs, which were sold in January 2022.
Mixed-Use Development costs.   Mixed-Use Development costs primarily include costs associated with maintaining and operating the mixed-use facilities. During the year ended December 31, 2022, Mixed-Use Development costs increased $2.1 million, as compared to the prior year, due to Three Ballpark Center and other portions of the Mixed-Use Development coming out of construction during 2021 and being fully operational throughout 2022.
Selling, general and administrative, excluding stock-based compensation.   Selling, general and administrative expense includes costs of advertising, finance and related personnel costs. Selling, general and administrative expense increased $8.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to the prior year, primarily driven by increased personnel costs, primarily due to ticket and sponsorship commission payments, and increased marketing initiatives for the 2022 season.
Stock-based compensation.   Stock-based compensation was relatively flat during the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to the prior year.
Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs.   Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs primarily includes impairment charges recognized during the year ended December 31, 2022 as a result of hurricane damage to the Atlanta Braves’ spring training facility located in North Port, Florida.
Depreciation and amortization.   Depreciation and amortization was relatively flat during the year ended December 31, 2022, as compared to the prior year.
Adjusted OIBDA.   To provide investors with additional information regarding the Company’s financial results, it also discloses Adjusted OIBDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. Adjusted OIBDA is defined as operating income (loss) plus depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation, separately reported litigation settlements, restructuring, acquisition and impairment charges. The Company’s chief operating decision maker and management team use this measure of performance in conjunction with other measures to evaluate its businesses and make decisions about allocating resources among its businesses. The Company’s believes this is an important indicator of the operational strength and performance of its businesses by identifying those items that are not directly a reflection of each business’ performance or indicative of ongoing business trends. In addition, this measure allows the Company’s to view operating results, perform analytical comparisons and benchmarking between businesses and identify strategies to improve performance. Adjusted OIBDA should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, operating income (loss), net earnings (loss), cash flow provided by operating activities and other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. The following table provides a reconciliation of Operating income (loss) to Adjusted OIBDA:
Years ended December 31,
2022
2021
amounts in thousands
Operating income (loss)
$ (30,581) 19,243
Impairment of long-lived assets and other related costs
5,427
Stock-based compensation
12,233 12,358
Depreciation and amortization
71,697 71,024
Adjusted OIBDA
$ 58,776 102,625
 
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Adjusted OIBDA is summarized as follows:
Years ended December 31,
2022
2021
amounts in thousands
Baseball
$ 33,259 83,712
Mixed-Use Development
35,433 26,546
Corporate and Other
(9,916) (7,633)
Total
$ 58,776 102,625
Combined Adjusted OIBDA decreased $43.8 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year.
Baseball Adjusted OIBDA decreased $50.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to the fluctuations in baseball revenue and operating costs, as described above.
Mixed-Use Development Adjusted OIBDA improved $8.9 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to the increase in mixed-use development revenue and costs, as described above.
Corporate and Other Adjusted OIBDA loss increased $2.3 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to increases in legal transaction expenses.
Interest Expense.   Interest expense increased $5.1 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to increased interest rates on the Company’s variable rate debt, partially offset by a reduction in outstanding debt as compared to the prior year.
Share of earnings (losses) of affiliates.   The following table presents the Company’s share of earnings (losses) of affiliates:
Years ended December 31,
2022
2021
amounts in thousands
MLBAM
$ 24,386 23,230
BELP
(1,928) 6,779
Other
6,469 999
Total
$ 28,927 31,008
Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests.   As the notional shares underlying the intergroup interests are not represented by outstanding shares of common stock, such shares have not been officially designated Series A, B or C Liberty Braves common stock. However, Liberty Media has assumed that the notional shares (if and when issued) related to the Formula One Group interest in the Braves Group would be comprised of Series C Liberty Braves common stock and the notional shares (if and when issued) related to the Liberty SiriusXM Group interest in the Braves Group would be comprised of Series A Liberty Braves common stock. Therefore, the market prices of Series C Liberty Braves and Series A Liberty Braves common stock are used for the mark-to-market adjustment for the intergroup interests held by Formula One Group and Liberty SiriusXM Group, respectively, through the combined statements of operations. Unrealized gains (losses) on intergroup interests are driven by changes in the market prices of such common stock. As disclosed above, the intergroup interests were settled and extinguished in connection with the Split-Off.
Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net.   Realized and unrealized gains (losses) on financial instruments, net are comprised of changes in the fair value of the Company’s interest rate swaps driven by changes in interest rates.
 
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Gains (losses) on dispositions, net.   During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized gains on dispositions related to the sale of its three Professional Development League clubs, the Gwinnett Stripers, Mississippi Braves and Rome Braves.
Other, net.   Other, net income increased $2.2 million during the year ended December 31, 2022 as compared to the prior year, primarily due to increases in interest and dividend income.
Income taxes.   During the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company recognized losses before income taxes of $31.5 million and $3.3 million, respectively, and income tax expense of $2.7 million and $9.7 million, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had greater than expected tax expense primarily driven by intergroup interest losses that are not deductible for tax purposes and the reduction of goodwill as a result of the sale of the Professional Development League Clubs that is not deductible for tax purposes.

During the year ended December 31, 2021, the Company had greater than expected tax expense primarily driven by intergroup interest losses that are not deductible for tax purposes and the effect of state income taxes.
Net earnings (loss).   The Company had net losses of $34.2 million and $13.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The change in net earnings (loss) was the result of the fluctuations in the Company’s revenue, expenses and other gains and losses, as described above.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Material Cash Requirements
Information concerning the amount and timing of material cash requirements, both accrued and off-balance sheet, as of December 31, 2022, is summarized below.
Payments due by period
Total
Less than
1 year
2 – 3 years
4 – 5 years
After
5 years
amounts in thousands
Long-term debt(1)
$ 545,891 74,806 146,929 156,581 167,575
Interest payments(2)
128,225 21,535 37,924 24,853 43,913
Employment agreements(3)
867,492 183,750 246,742 204,000 233,000
Lease obligations
183,463 10,315 19,066 18,657 135,425
Other obligations(4)
28,951 2,080 3,547 3,174 20,150
Total
$ 1,754,022 292,486 454,208 407,265 600,063
(1)
Amounts are stated at the face amount at maturity and do not assume additional borrowings or refinancings of existing debt.
(2)
Amounts (i) are based on the Company’s outstanding debt at December 31, 2022, (ii) assume the interest rates on the Company’s variable rate debt remain constant at the December 31, 2022 rates and (iii) assume that its existing debt is repaid at maturity.
(3)
The Braves have entered into long-term employment contracts with certain of their players (current and former), coaches and executives. Amounts due under such contracts as of December 31, 2022 aggregated $867.5 million. In addition, certain players, coaches and executives may earn incentive compensation under the terms of their employment contracts. The Braves are under no legal obligation to pay Major League player salaries during any period that players do not render services during a labor dispute.
(4)
Amounts include obligations for capital maintenance of Truist Park and software contracts.
 
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Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2023, the Company had $130.5 million of cash and cash equivalents. Substantially all of our cash and cash equivalents are invested in U.S. Treasury securities, other government securities or government guaranteed funds, AAA rated money market funds and other highly rated financial and corporate debt instruments.
During the six months ended June 30, 2023, the Company’s primary uses of cash were debt service and capital expenditures, funded primarily by cash on hand and cash from operations.
The Company’s uses of cash are expected to be payments to certain players, coaches and executives pursuant to long-term employment agreements, capital expenditures, investments in real estate ventures and debt service payments. The Company expects to fund its projected uses of cash with cash on hand, cash provided by operations and through borrowings under construction loans and revolvers. We believe that the available sources of liquidity are sufficient to cover our projected future uses of cash.
Sources of Liquidity
The following are potential sources of liquidity: available cash balances, cash generated by Braves Holdings’ operating activities (to the extent such cash exceeds Braves Holdings’ working capital needs and is not otherwise restricted), net proceeds from asset sales, debt borrowings under the LWCF, the MLBFF and the TeamCo Revolver (each as defined below) and dividend and interest receipts.
League Wide Credit Facility
In December 2013, a subsidiary of Braves Holdings executed various agreements to enter into MLB’s League Wide Credit Facility (the LWCF). Pursuant to the terms of a revolving credit agreement, Major League Baseball Trust may borrow from certain lenders, with Bank of America, N.A. acting as the administrative agent. Major League Baseball Trust then uses the proceeds of such borrowings to provide loans to the club trusts of the participating Clubs, including the Braves Club Trust (the Club Trust). The maximum amount available to the Club Trust under the LWCF was $125 million as of June 30, 2023. The commitment termination date of the revolving credit facility under the LWCF, which is the repayment date for all amounts borrowed under such revolving credit facility, is July 10, 2026.
MLB Facility Fund Revolver
In December 2017, a subsidiary of Braves Holdings executed various agreements to enter into the MLB Facility Fund (the MLBFF). Pursuant to the terms of an indenture, a credit agreement and certain note purchase agreements, Major League Baseball Facility Fund, LLC may borrow from certain lenders. Major League Baseball Facility Fund, LLC then uses the proceeds of such borrowings to provide loans to each of the participating Clubs. Amounts advanced pursuant to the MLBFF are available to fund ballpark and other baseball-related real property improvements, renovations and/or new construction. In May 2021, Braves Facility Fund LLC established a revolving credit commitment with Major League Baseball Facility Fund, LLC (the MLB facility fund — revolver). The commitment termination date, which is the repayment date for all amounts borrowed under the MLB facility fund — revolver, is July 10, 2026. The maximum amount available to Braves Facility Fund LLC under the MLB facility — fund revolver was $43.1 million as of June 30, 2023. Borrowings outstanding under the MLB facility fund — revolver bore interest at a variable rate of 6.52% per annum as of June 30, 2023.
TeamCo Revolver
A subsidiary of Braves Holdings is party to a Revolving Credit Agreement (the TeamCo Revolver), which provides revolving commitments of $150 million and matures in August 2029. There were no borrowings outstanding under the TeamCo Revolver as of June 30, 2023.
Braves Holdings is in compliance with all financial debt covenants as of June 30, 2023.
See note 5 to the accompanying condensed combined financial statements for a description of all indebtedness obligations.
 
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Critical Accounting Estimates
The preparation of combined financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities at the date of the combined financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Listed below are the accounting estimates that the Company believes are critical to its combined financial statements due to the degree of uncertainty regarding the estimates or assumptions involved and the magnitude of the asset, liability, revenue or expense being reported.
Non-Financial Instrument Valuations.   The Company’s non-financial instrument valuations are primarily comprised of its annual assessment of the recoverability of its goodwill and franchise rights (collectively, indefinite-lived intangible assets), and its evaluation of the recoverability of its other long-lived assets upon certain triggering events. If the carrying value of the Company’s long-lived assets exceeds their estimated fair value, the Company is required to write the carrying value down to fair value. Any such writedown is included in impairment of long-lived assets in the combined statement of operations. Judgment is required to estimate the fair value of the Company’s long-lived assets. The Company may use quoted market prices, prices for similar assets, present value techniques and other valuation techniques to prepare these estimates. The Company may need to make estimates of future cash flows and discount rates as well as other assumptions in order to implement these valuation techniques. Due to the judgment involved in the Company’s estimation techniques, any value ultimately derived from the Company’s long-lived assets may differ from its estimate of fair value.
As of December 31, 2022, the Company had $175.8 million of goodwill and $123.7 million of franchise rights. The Company’s goodwill and franchise rights are both entirely allocated to the baseball reportable segment. The Company performs its annual assessment of the recoverability of its indefinite-lived intangible assets in the fourth quarter each year, or more frequently if events and circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. The accounting guidance permits entities to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the quantitative goodwill impairment test. The accounting guidance also allows entities the option to bypass the qualitative assessment for any reporting unit in any period and proceed directly to the quantitative impairment test. The entity may resume performing the qualitative assessment in any subsequent period. In evaluating goodwill on a qualitative basis, the Company reviews the business performance of each reporting unit and evaluates other relevant factors as identified in the relevant accounting guidance to determine whether it is more likely than not that an indicated impairment exists for any of its reporting units. The Company considers whether there are any negative macroeconomic conditions, industry-specific conditions, market changes, increased competition, increased costs in doing business, management challenges, the legal environments and how these factors might impact company specific performance in future periods. As part of the analysis, the Company also considers fair value determinations for certain reporting units that have been made at various points throughout the current and prior year for other purposes. If based on the qualitative analysis it is more likely than not that an impairment exists, the Company performs the quantitative impairment test.
Income Taxes.   The Company is required to estimate the amount of tax payable or refundable for the current year and the deferred income tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been reflected in its combined financial statements or tax returns for each taxing jurisdiction in which the Company operates. This process requires the Company’s management to make judgments regarding the timing and probability of the ultimate tax impact of the various agreements and transactions that it enters into. Based on these judgments, the Company may record tax reserves or adjustments to valuation allowances on deferred tax assets to reflect the expected realizability of future tax benefits. Actual income taxes could vary from these estimates due to future changes in income tax law, significant changes in the jurisdictions in which the Company operates, our inability to generate sufficient future taxable income or unpredicted results from the final determination of each year’s liability by taxing authorities. These changes could have a significant impact on the Company’s financial position.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
We are exposed to market risk in the normal course of business due to our ongoing investing and financial activities and the conduct of operations. Market risk refers to the risk of loss arising from adverse
 
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changes in stock prices and interest rates. The risk of loss can be assessed from the perspective of adverse changes in fair values, cash flows and future earnings. We have established policies, procedures and internal processes governing our management of market risks and the use of financial instruments to manage our exposure to such risks.
We are exposed to changes in interest rates primarily as a result of our borrowing activities, which include fixed and floating rate debt instruments and borrowings used to maintain liquidity and to fund business operations. The nature and amount of our long-term and short-term debt are expected to vary as a result of future requirements, market conditions and other factors. We manage our exposure to interest rates by maintaining what we believe is an appropriate mix of fixed and variable rate debt. We believe this best protects us from interest rate risk. We have achieved this mix by (i) issuing fixed rate debt that we believe has a low stated interest rate and significant term to maturity, (ii) issuing variable rate debt with appropriate maturities and interest rates and (iii) entering into interest rate swap arrangements when we deem appropriate.
As of June 30, 2023, we had $50.2 million aggregate principal amount of floating rate debt with a weighted average interest rate of 6.7% and $492.6 million aggregate principal amount of fixed rate debt with a weighted average interest rate of 4.4%.
 
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BUSINESS
As used herein “we,” “our,” “us” and “the Company” refer to Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc.
Overview
We were previously a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media. Upon completion of the Split-Off, we became an independent, publicly traded company, and following the disposition by Liberty Media of the shares of Series C common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus, including through the Liberty Media Exchange, Liberty Media will not retain any ownership interest in us. We are a holding company and our principal assets consist of Braves Holdings, which is the owner and operator of the Braves and certain assets and liabilities associated with the Braves’ stadium and Braves Holdings’ Mixed-Use Development, The Battery Atlanta, and cash.
History
The Braves are the oldest continuously operating professional sports franchise in the United States. Their storied history began in Boston in 1871 as the Boston Red Stockings (the Boston Braves) as one of nine charter members of the National Association of Professional Baseball Players, the first professional baseball league in history. The franchise is the only one of today’s 30 Major League Baseball franchises to have fielded a team in every season of professional-league play since its onset in 1871.
The Boston Braves won six of the first eight pennants in professional baseball history and went on to win three more league titles in the 1890s. The Boston Braves won two more National League pennants in 1914 and 1948 and the World Series in 1914 before moving to Milwaukee in 1953. During their 13 years in Milwaukee (1953-1965), the Braves won the World Series in 1957 and another National League pennant in 1958.
In 1966, the City of Atlanta enthusiastically welcomed the relocation of the Braves. During the 1990s, the Braves were the most successful Major League Baseball team of the decade, winning the National League pennant five times (1991, 1992, 1995, 1996 and 1999), including a World Series win in 1995. The Braves’ success continued into the 2000s, winning 14 consecutive division titles between 1991 and 2005. Then, after winning division titles in four straight seasons from 2018-2021, the Braves went on to win the 2021 World Series and a fifth consecutive division title in 2022.
Braves Holdings, together with third party development partners, developed a significant portion of the land around Truist Park, the Braves’ stadium, creating a 2.25 million square-foot mixed-use complex that features retail, residential, office, hotel and entertainment opportunities, known as The Battery Atlanta. Phase I of The Battery Atlanta was completed and became operational in 2017. Phase II was completed in stages throughout 2020 and 2021. Phase III, consisting of a 250,000-square-foot office building immediately behind Truist Park, commenced construction in the second half of 2022.
Business Operations
We manage our business based on the following reportable segments: baseball and mixed-use development.

Baseball.   Our baseball segment includes our operations relating to Braves baseball and Truist Park and includes ticket sales, concessions, advertising sponsorships, suites and premium seat fees, broadcasting rights, retail and licensing. Baseball revenue is derived from two primary sources on an annual basis: baseball event (ticket sales, concessions, advertising sponsorships, suites and premium seat fees) and broadcasting revenue.

Mixed-Use Development.   Our mixed-use development segment includes retail, office, hotel and entertainment operations within The Battery Atlanta. The Battery Atlanta derives revenue primarily from office and retail rental income (including overage rent and tenant reimbursements) and, to a lesser extent, parking and advertising sponsorships throughout the year.
Baseball.   Our financial results depend in large part on the ability of the Braves to achieve on-field success. The team’s successes generate significant fan enthusiasm, resulting in sustained ticket, premium
 
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seating, concession and merchandise sales, and greater shares of local broadcasting audiences during periods of success. Braves Holdings’ management focuses on making operational and business decisions that enhance the on-field performance of the Braves and this may sometimes require implementing strategies and making investments that may negatively impact short-term profitability for the sake of immediate on-field success. See “Risk Factors — Factors Relating to Our Business — Focus on team performance, and decisions by management, may negatively impact financial results in the short-term.”
Attendance Volume; Tickets.   The Braves offer single game tickets, group tickets and various full and partial season ticket packages. The Braves utilize a variable and dynamic pricing strategy to manage differences in demand and to help drive attendance and eliminate the perceived difference in value for certain games, which is often exploited in the secondary market. The majority of Braves tickets are distributed as mobile tickets, which allows the Braves to track important data, put parameters on resales and provide convenience and security to consumers. Baseball event revenue is highly correlated to attendance at Truist Park and ancillary spending while at the games, including concessions revenue. Additionally, attendance metrics help assist management in determining how best to allocate internal resources. Braves Holdings defines attendance as the number of ticketholders who enter Truist Park and the average is calculated based on the total attendees over the period divided by the number of home games. We believe that this metric provides relevant and useful information for investors because it assists in comparing our operating performance on a consistent basis, making it easier to compare our results with those of other companies in the same industry and allows investors to review performance in the same manner as our management.
Concessions.   The Braves offer food and beverages during all games held at Truist Park. In addition, the Braves generate revenue from catering in suites and premium areas within the stadium.
Television and Radio Broadcasting.   Braves Holdings derives substantial revenue from the sale of local broadcasting rights to the Braves’ baseball games. Each MLB Club has the right to authorize the television broadcast within its MLB-defined home television territory of games in which it participates, subject to certain exceptions. The Braves have a long-term local television broadcasting agreement with Sportsouth Network II, LLC, the owner and operator of the Bally Sport South and Bally Sports Southeast video programming services (formerly known as Fox Sports South and Fox Sports Southeast, respectively). Recent news reports confirmed that Diamond Sports Group, the parent company of Sportsouth Network II, LLC, is in financial distress and has filed for chapter 11 protection. As a result of the chapter 11 proceeding, we may be required to pay up to $34.2 million, the amount remitted to us and our subsidiaries during the 90-day preference period preceding the filing. In addition, if the Sports Network II, LLC elects to reject the regional sports broadcasting license in the bankruptcy proceeding, regional broadcast rights will revert to us, and we will attempt to find a replacement broadcaster to produce and distribute Braves games but there is no assurance they will be successful, and we may not receive any revenue from Sportsouth Network II during the remaining contract term and would be required to write down accounts receivable and contract asset amounts of $24.4 million recorded on our condensed combined balance sheet as of June 30, 2023. Braves Holdings’ management is currently evaluating various options both with respect to collection of unpaid amounts owed under the broadcasting agreement as well as strategic alternatives if Diamond Sports Groups’ chapter 11 petition is granted and results in the termination of the television broadcasting agreement with Sportsouth Network II, LLC. Strategic alternatives under consideration may include, among others, capital expenditure investments to develop a regional media outlet owned and operated by us, entering into a new arrangement with a replacement broadcasting license operator, or negotiating and/or partnering with MLB to develop a regional media outlet owned and operated by MLB; provided, there can be no assurance that Braves Holdings will pursue any of the aforementioned alternatives. Braves Holdings may consider other options as additional information regarding the status of the Diamond Sports Group bankruptcy and its effect, if granted, on the existing broadcasting agreement becomes available.
Nationally, the Braves participate in the revenue generated from the national television, digital, and radio broadcasting arrangements negotiated by MLB on behalf of the 30 MLB Clubs with ESPN, TBS, Fox, Sirius XM Holdings, Apple, YouTube and NBC/Peacock (the National Broadcast Rights). Under the MLB Rules and Regulations, the BOC has the authority, acting as the agent on behalf of all of the MLB Clubs, to enter into and administer contracts for the sale of certain National Broadcast Rights. Each MLB Club also has the right to authorize radio broadcasts, within the United States (or Canada, in the case of
 
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the Toronto Blue Jays), of its games, subject to certain restrictions. The Braves also have the largest radio affiliate network in MLB, with approximately 170 local radio station affiliates broadcasting Braves games across the Southeast.
Advertising Sponsorship.   The Braves work with a variety of corporate sponsors to facilitate advertising, marketing and promotional opportunities at Truist Park, The Battery Atlanta and throughout the Braves’ home marketing territory. Advertising space is available in The Battery Atlanta and throughout the ballpark, including on the main scoreboard, outfield walls behind home plate, and in programs sold at each game. The Braves also enter into long-term licensing agreements for use of various suites, premium seating and hospitality spaces. The Braves’ marketing department works closely with the Braves’ sponsors to offer marketing opportunities, including contests, sweepstakes and additional entertainment and promotional opportunities during Braves home games, and the Braves allows its name and logo to be used in connection with certain local promotional activities throughout its home marketing territory. The Braves work closely with the local television broadcasters and have a cross-promotional sponsorship and marketing agreement with Bally Sports South and Bally Sports Southeast.
Seasonality and COVID-19.   Baseball revenue is seasonal, with the majority of revenue historically recognized during the second and third quarters, which aligns with a normal baseball regular season, consisting of 162 games. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 regular season was played entirely during the third quarter and consisted of only 60 games, all without fans in attendance. The 2020 minor league season was cancelled. The Battery Atlanta was also affected due to the impacts of these restrictions on retail as well as restaurants, which had initially been limited to take-out and/or delivery service. Baseball revenue was significantly lower in 2020 as a result of fewer games, but improved significantly in 2021 with the return to a full regular season in each of 2021 and 2022 and the Braves’ success in the 2021 postseason as World Series Champions.
Mixed-Use Development.   Braves Holdings, together with third party development partners, developed a significant portion of the land around Truist Park, the Braves’ stadium, creating a 2.25 million square-foot mixed-use complex that features retail, residential, office, hotel and entertainment opportunities, known as The Battery Atlanta. We believe that the continued development and operations of The Battery Atlanta will result in increased game attendance as well as office and retail rental income (including overage rent and tenant reimbursements), and income from parking and corporate sponsorships throughout the year. The retail leases generally provide for fixed rental fees over the duration of the lease and each lease contains customary clauses permitting extension or termination at the option of the tenant and our subsidiary party thereto.
For more information regarding Braves Holdings’ revenue, see note 2 in the accompanying combined financial statements.
Team
Player Personnel.   The success of the Braves depends, in large part, on the ability to develop, obtain and retain talented players. Under the CBA (defined below) and the MLB Rules and Regulations, each team is permitted to have 40 players under reserve to the MLB Club, but is allowed to maintain only 26 players on its active roster (subject to limited exceptions) from the Opening Day of the season through August 31 of each year and the postseason. During the remainder of the season, each team may keep 28 players on its active roster. The Braves’ roster reflects the team’s commitment to developing and securing talented young players, driving future on-field success. The Braves compete with other MLB Clubs for a limited pool of player personnel and seek to assemble a roster of players with the depth and breadth its management believes will allow it to field a competitive team. The Braves generally enter into player contracts with terms of one or more years and may also assume an existing player contract as part of a player trade. Contract terms are required to adhere to certain league requirements as discussed below under “MLB Rules and Regulations” but are otherwise subject to market and other conditions. The Braves management generally expects the majority of its roster to be composed of players with contract terms of fewer than six years. From time to time, the Braves management may seek to enter into long-term contracts in order to secure talented players and reduce player turnover, however, its ability to do so may be impacted by a variety of financial and non-financial factors, including how appealing it is for a player to make a long-term commitment to the Braves.
 
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The Braves’ ability to enter into player contracts in any given year, including long-term player contracts and contracts with arbitration-eligible players, may be impacted by the aggregate annual budget allocated in any given year for all Braves player salaries (the Annual Player Salary Budget). In any particular year, if existing player salary obligations are at the Annual Player Salary Budget limit, the Braves may not enter into new player contracts (including long-term player contracts or new contracts with players who are arbitration-eligible). On the other hand, if existing player salary obligations are meaningfully less than the Annual Player Salary Budget (which may be due to the expiration of previously existing player contracts), the Braves may have more flexibility under the Annual Player Salary Budget to sign new player contracts, including long-term contracts or contracts with players who are arbitration-eligible. We believe that the liquidity and results of operations of the Braves are not directly impacted in any material way by player contracts (including long-term player contracts or contracts with arbitration-eligible players) because the overall cost of player salaries to the Braves generally remains within the Annual Player Salary Budget. Instead, we believe that our liquidity and results of operations may be materially impacted by the ability of the Braves to correctly determine the market value of a given player commensurate with the contributions that such player will make on-the-field. As the baseball season progresses in any particular year, the Braves management may develop better insight regarding the financial performance of the Braves for such year and as a result, may make changes to such year’s Annual Player Salary Budget, including, without limitation, to allow the Braves management to acquire additional players during the season in an attempt to help the team’s on-the-field performance that season (including if the Braves are making a push towards the playoffs) or to trade players to reduce the aggregate player salaries for such year. For more information regarding our capital commitments under the long-term employment agreements, see the table set forth under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements and Material Cash Requirements.”
Player Development.   Player development is a critical component of management’s efforts to maintain a strong franchise. Starting with the 2021 season, a new player development system was put in place by MLB comprised of 11 Professional Development Leagues. MLB Professional Development Leagues, LLC (MLB PDL) is responsible for the administration of the new system and has player development license agreements with 120 minor league clubs that compete in the Professional Development Leagues and are affiliated with MLB Clubs, including the Braves. MLB PDL is also responsible for enforcing the terms of each player development license agreement, including standards for facility quality and player working conditions. Each MLB Club, including the Braves, is affiliated with four Professional Development League clubs located in the United States and Canada. The three minor league clubs owned by Braves Holdings during the 2021 season, the Gwinnett Stripers, Mississippi Braves and Rome Braves, entered into player development license agreements with MLB PDL. Braves Holdings sold the three minor league clubs in January 2022. Each club will remain affiliated with the Braves under the terms of the license agreement, which has a 10-year term. The Augusta GreenJackets are the fourth Professional Development League club affiliated with the Braves.
The Braves historically operated a baseball academy in the Dominican Republic and participated in the Dominican Summer League. The Braves did not fully operate the baseball academy during the 2021 season, but recommenced operations for the 2022 season. Dominican players, and players from other Latin American countries, are an important source of talent for the Braves and other MLB Clubs, but these players may not participate in the first-year amateur draft process (which is limited to only residents of the United States, United States territories, and Canada, including international players who are enrolled in a high school or college in such locations). However, the Braves may enter into contracts with Latin American players, subject to the rules and regulations contained in the CBA and the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA).
Braves Facilities
Truist Park.   Effective for the 2017 season, the Braves relocated to a new ballpark in Cobb County, Georgia. Braves Holdings (or its affiliates) has exclusive operating rights to the facility via a 30-year Stadium Operating Agreement with Cobb County and the Cobb-Marietta Coliseum and Exhibit Hall Authority (Authority). In 2014, Braves Holdings, through a wholly-owned subsidiary, purchased 82 acres of land for the purpose of constructing an MLB facility and development of a mixed-use complex adjacent to the ballpark. The total cost of the ballpark was approximately $722 million, of which approximately $392 million
 
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was funded by a combination of Cobb County, the Cumberland Improvement District and the Authority and approximately $330 million was funded by Braves Holdings. Funding for ballpark initiatives by Braves Holdings has come from cash on hand and various debt instruments, as detailed in note 5 to the accompanying combined financial statements.
We believe Truist Park is an industry-leading sports complex spanning approximately 1,100,000 square feet, with 41,200 seats, including 30 suites and 4,200-premium seats, multiple hospitality clubs and retail merchandise venues. The stadium also features concessions and restaurant spaces, administrative offices for team operations, sales and marketing, as well as a ticket office, team clubhouse and training rooms.
Braves Holdings and its subsidiary operate the stadium pursuant to the Stadium Operating Agreement entered into as of May 2014, which expires May 2046 and may be extended through December 2051 at the option of Braves Holdings, through its wholly-owned subsidiary party thereto. Cobb County and the Authority may only terminate the Stadium Operating Agreement upon the occurrence of an “Event of Default” as defined in the agreement; provided, no such termination would be effective until the end of the then-current baseball season. For the exclusive rights to use and operate Truist Park, Braves Holdings agreed to pay an annual stadium license fee of $3 million and an additional license fee equal to $3.1 million, in each case, to be paid in semi-annual installments on May 15th and October 15th of each year. The Stadium Operating Lease also provides Cobb County, Georgia the right to conduct up to 3 special events per year at Truist Park, excluding concerts or sporting events which are events exclusively reserved to Braves Holdings and its subsidiary. If so elected by Braves Holdings, beginning November 2044 until November 2045, Braves Holdings and its subsidiary has the right to negotiate the terms to acquire Truist Park from Cobb County and the Authority for fifty percent (50%) of the fair market value thereof. Additionally, Braves Holdings has a right of first refusal in the event Cobb County and the Authority desire to sell or transfer the stadium.
CoolToday Park.   In March 2019, the Braves relocated to a new spring training facility in North Port, Florida. The park is also the playing facility of the FCL Braves, the Complex League affiliate of the Braves. The Braves have exclusive operating rights to the facility via a 30-year Facility Operating Agreement with Sarasota County. The Braves operate and maintain an 8,200 capacity stadium and clubhouse facilities for major and minor league players and staff, six practice fields, a half-sized field, agility field and batting cages. The park also features an academy for housing players, coaches and staff throughout the year. The academy opened in February 2020 and includes dining, meeting and auditorium spaces.
The Battery Atlanta
The Battery Atlanta is an approximately 2.25 million square-foot mixed-use development, located around Truist Park at the intersection of I-75 and I-285, and offers an expansive mix of boutique shopping, market-exclusive entertainment experiences, chef-driven restaurants, the Omni and Aloft Hotels, The Coca-Cola Roxy Music Venue and 531 apartment residences. The complex also includes offices One Ballpark Center, Comcast’s regional headquarters; Two Ballpark Center, home to SPACES; Three Ballpark Center, which serves as the global headquarters of Papa Johns and the North American headquarters of TK Elevator; Four Ballpark Center, home to Southwire and DCO Commercial Floors; and the future site for the Truist Tower, which will become Truist Securities’ new headquarters. The Battery Atlanta is powered by Comcast’s all-fiber network, delivering multi-terabit capabilities to the Mixed-Use Development.
Phase I of the project was completed in 2017 and includes an Omni Hotel, Comcast’s Southeast office headquarters and The Coca-Cola Roxy Theater, an entertainment venue operated through a lease with Live Nation. Phase II was completed in stages throughout 2020 and 2021 and includes TK Elevator’s North American headquarters, Papa John’s International, Inc.’s headquarters, an Aloft Hotel, a specialty market and cinema. Phase III, consisting of a 250,000-square-foot office building immediately behind Truist Park and approximately 300 feet from home plate, commenced construction in the second half of 2022. Truist Securities has announced that it will relocate its national headquarters and occupy approximately half of the building, expected to open in 2024.
MLB Rules and Regulations
As a condition to maintaining its MLB membership, each MLB Club must comply with the MLB Rules and Regulations. The Braves will be required to abide by any changes to the MLB Rules and
 
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Regulations and the adoption of any new MLB Rules and Regulations, irrespective of whether such changes or new arrangements negatively impact the Braves, proportionately or disproportionately, as compared with the other MLB Clubs. We, as well as our board of directors, board committees and subsidiaries, are subject to the MLB Rules and Regulations. Further, the Commissioner of Baseball interprets the MLB Rules and Regulations, and we and Braves Holdings (and certain of its affiliates) have agreed to submit any and all disputes related to the MLB Rules and Regulations, or disputes involving another MLB Club, to the Commissioner of Baseball as sole arbitrator. The decisions of the Commissioner of Baseball are binding and not appealable, and therefore we and Braves Holdings may not resort to the courts or any other means to enforce our and their respective rights or contest the application of the MLB Rules and Regulations.
Collective Bargaining Agreement.   In March 2022, the MLBPA and the MLB Clubs entered into a new collective bargaining agreement (the CBA) that covers the 2022-2026 MLB seasons. The CBA provides for an expanded playoff schedule, an increase to the previous competitive balance tax threshold on MLB Club payrolls, an annual increase in the minimum player salary each year beginning in 2022 and other provisions impacting Braves Holdings’ operations and its relationships with members of the MLBPA. Additionally, it contains provisions surrounding revenue sharing among the MLB Clubs.
Player Contracts and Salaries.   The CBA requires each MLB Club to sign Major League players using the Uniform Player’s Contract. The minimum Major League contract salary under the CBA for players during the 2022 season was $700,000 and increases in each year during the term of the current CBA. For Major League players under reserve to an MLB Club that are not eligible for salary arbitration or free agency and are not subject to a multi-year contract, MLB Clubs may renew such player contracts at the Major League minimum if they cannot reach agreement with the player on salary. However, the CBA provides that the MLB Clubs cannot reduce MLB players’ salaries by more than 20 percent of what they earned in the previous MLB season or 30 percent of what they earned two seasons prior (provided the player has remained under reserve to the MLB Club). Player salaries in 2020 were reduced to reflect the shortened season. If a player is terminated by the team for lack of skill during the championship season, he is entitled to the unpaid balance of his salary under the contract for the remainder of that season, subject to certain rights of the MLB Club. Contracts may cover one year or multiple years, but under multi-year contracts an MLB Club may be required to make minimum payments to an MLB player for the balance of the contract’s term even if the contract is terminated by the MLB Club, subject to certain rights of the MLB Club. An MLB Club may assign a player’s contract to another MLB Club (for example, in connection with a trade with that MLB Club) or a minor league club subject to certain rights of the player and other MLB Clubs.
MLB Draft.   Professional baseball conducts an annual draft of first year players referred to as the Rule 4 Draft (the Rule 4 Draft). Eligible players are limited to those players who reside in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and other United States territories or possessions and who have not previously contracted with a major league or minor league club. The Rule 4 Draft is for players who have graduated high school, but not attended college, for players that have completed at least one year of junior college and for players attending a four-year college following the earlier of completion of their junior year or turning 21. The CBA also contains limitations on the amounts an MLB Club can spend on signing bonuses for players selected in the Rule 4 Draft without incurring a penalty tax on the overage. In addition, a draft (the Rule 5 Draft) is held each December for players who have not been placed on an MLB Club’s MLB team roster after four or five years after the player signed his first contract, depending on the player’s age at the time he is drafted. The Rule 5 Draft allows MLB Clubs to select eligible players from other MLB Clubs.
Team Rosters.   An MLB Club’s 26-man roster is its full roster of active MLB players from Opening Day through August 31, and during the postseason. MLB Clubs may continue to add and remove players from this 26-man roster throughout the season to account for injuries and player performance. Teams are limited to carrying 13 pitchers during this time. From September 1 through the end of the regular season, all MLB Clubs must carry 28 players, with a limit of 14 pitchers. An MLB Club’s 40-man roster includes a combination of players on the 26-man roster, the 7-, 10-, and 15-day injured lists, the bereavement/family medical emergency list and the paternity leave list, as well as some Minor Leaguers. In order for an MLB Club to add a player to the 26-man roster, the player must be on the 40-man roster. If an MLB Club with a full 40-man roster wishes to promote a minor league player who is not on the 40-man roster, it must first remove a player from the 40-man roster, by designating a player’s contract for assignment, trading a player,
 
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releasing a player or transferring a player to the 60-day injured list. Players who are on the 40-man roster are protected from being selected by another MLB Club in the annual Rule 5 Draft.
Competitive Balance Provisions.   Each year, MLB Clubs with an aggregate average payroll that exceeds a predetermined payroll threshold are taxed by MLB on each dollar above the threshold (Competitive Balance Tax). The predetermined payroll thresholds are $233 million for 2023; $237 million for 2024; $241 million for 2025; and $244 million for 2026. The aggregate average payroll is calculated at the end of each season by aggregating the average annual value of each player’s contract on the 40-man roster, plus any additional player benefits. Changes in a player’s compensation contained in a contract extension that doesn’t begin until the next season are not taken into account until the commencement of the extension.
The Competitive Balance Tax rate escalates based on the number of consecutive years an MLB Club has exceeded the payroll threshold and is applied to the amount by which the MLB Club’s aggregate average payroll for such year exceeds the applicable payroll threshold as follows:

First year: 20% tax

Second consecutive year: 30% tax

Third consecutive year or more: 50% tax
The escalation is based on overages during consecutive years and, therefore, the tax rate will be reset to 20% following any year during which the MLB Club’s aggregate average payroll did not exceed the applicable threshold. In addition, there is also a surcharge applied to MLB Clubs that exceed the payroll threshold by $20 million or more as follows:

Amounts exceeding the payroll threshold by $20 million to $40 million: 12% surcharge

Amounts exceeding the payroll threshold by $40 million to $60 million: 42.5% surcharge for first year and 45% surcharge for each consecutive year after that

Amounts exceeding the payroll threshold by $60 million or more: 60% surcharge
Furthermore, MLB Clubs with an aggregate average payroll in excess of the payroll threshold by $40 million or more will be penalized with respect to the priority of its draft pick in the next Rule 4 Draft such that the MLB Club’s highest selection in the Rule 4 Draft will be moved back ten places. If, however, such MLB Club’s highest draft pick in such Rule 4 Draft falls in the top six draft picks of that year’s Rule 4 Draft, the MLB Club will have its second-highest selection in the same draft moved back ten places instead. The CBA also provides that any MLB Club that qualifies as a payee and is not fully market disqualified under MLB’s revenue sharing plan shall be eligible to receive a Competitive Balance Draft Pick in the Rule 4 Draft, which means that eligible teams are assigned a draft pick either between the first and second rounds or between the second and third rounds.
Salary Arbitration.   A player with fewer than six years of service time who has signed a contract with an MLB Club remains under the control of that MLB Club until reaching the requisite service time to reach free agency. Therefore, in the absence of a multi-year salary agreement, players and their respective MLB Clubs negotiate salaries on an annual basis. Under the CBA, any player with a total of three or more (but less than six) years of Major League service, if he is not already under contract for the following season, is eligible for salary arbitration. Players with less than three but more than two years of service time can also become arbitration eligible if they meet certain criteria. If the MLB Club and player have not agreed on a salary by an established deadline (typically in mid-January), the MLB Club and player must exchange salary figures for the upcoming season. After the figures are exchanged, a hearing is scheduled (typically in February). If no settlement can be reached by the hearing date, the case is brought before a panel of arbitrators. After hearing arguments from both sides, the panel selects the salary figure of either the player or the MLB Club (but not one in between) as the player’s salary for the upcoming season.
MLB Free Agency.   A player becomes a free agent when he completes six years of MLB service and the term of his then current contract has expired, when he is released, or can elect free agency in limited other circumstances as described in the CBA. Generally, once a player is a free agent, he has the right to negotiate and contract with any MLB Club.
 
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Revenue Sharing.   Each MLB Club is required to share locally derived revenue with the other MLB Clubs through MLB’s revenue sharing plan.
Debt Service Rule.   Each MLB Club is subject to certain MLB imposed restrictions on its ability to incur indebtedness in amounts that exceed specified thresholds. In particular, each MLB Club is generally required to keep outstanding indebtedness minus a certain amount of excludable indebtedness at or below 8.0x available cash flow (or in the case of MLB Clubs which have a new stadium, at or below 12.0x available cash flow), with the amount of excludable indebtedness for each of fiscal years 2022 and 2023 set at $125 million and for each of fiscal years 2024 through 2026 set at $100 million. This is referred to as the Debt Service Rule. MLB Clubs must certify compliance with the Debt Service Rule annually and the failure of an MLB Club to comply during two consecutive fiscal years may lead to certain remedial measures being imposed by the Commissioner of Baseball, including, but not limited to, prohibitions on the incurrence of additional indebtedness and repayment of outstanding indebtedness. The Braves were in compliance with the Debt Service Rule for the 2021 and 2022 fiscal years.
Control Person.   Under the Major League Constitution, the MLB Club is obligated to designate a single individual who is accountable to MLB for the operation of the MLB Club and for the MLB Club’s compliance with the MLB Rules and Regulations and who is the single individual with the ultimate authority and responsibility for making all MLB Club decisions (the MLB Control Person).
Competition
Braves Holdings faces competition from many alternative forms of leisure entertainment. During the baseball season, Braves Holdings competes with other sporting and live events for game day attendance, which is integral to Braves Holdings’ ticket, concession and merchandise sales revenue. The broadcasting of the Braves’ games, which is another significant source of revenue for Braves Holdings, competes against a multitude of other media options for viewers, including premium programming, home video, pay-per-view services, subscription video on-demand services, online activities, movies and other forms of news and information. In addition, Braves Holdings competes with the other MLB teams for a limited pool of player, coaching and managerial talent. This talent contributes to the Braves’ record and league standings, which are critical components of Braves Holdings’ competitiveness.
Human Capital Resources
General.   Liberty Media provides us with certain transitional services pursuant to the Services Agreement, and certain of Liberty Media’s corporate employees and executive officers serve as our corporate employees and executive officers. See “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — Relationships between Us and Liberty Media.” As of December 31, 2022, Braves Holdings and its consolidated subsidiaries had an aggregate of approximately 1,245 full time, seasonal, and part-time employees. Braves Holdings strives to create diverse, inclusive, and supportive workplaces, with opportunities for employees to grow and develop in their careers, supported by competitive compensation, benefits and health and wellness programs, and by programs that build connections between employees and their communities. We believe that these employee relations are good.
Talent Development.   Braves Holdings fosters a strong learning culture by investing in its employees and empowering them to participate in opportunities for personal and professional growth. Braves Holdings focuses on the development, attraction, and retention of employees, recognizing that these areas are a critical success factor. To support the advancement of its employees, Braves Holdings offers training and development programs designed to encourage training from within and continue to build a team with strong and experienced talent. Braves Holdings leverages both formal programs, like the Trainee and Fellowship programs, and informal programs, like on site lunch and learn educational meetings, presentations on industry topics, and paid membership in professional organizations, to help train and develop its talent.
Diversity, Equity and Inclusion.   Braves Holdings believes that a rich culture of inclusion and diversity enables it to create, develop and fully leverage the strengths of its workforce. Braves Holdings’ DE&I mission is to “build an inclusive culture by embracing diverse perspectives and backgrounds, establishing sustainable programs, supporting and amplifying the voice of its diverse communities.” Braves Holdings strives to accomplish this through various programs including Fellowship programs providing accessibility to diverse
 
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candidates, the Executive Speaker Series, employee discussion opportunities and through various activities sponsored by employee resource groups and DE&I committees.
Compensation and Benefits.   Braves Holdings and its subsidiaries aim to provide attractive compensation and benefits programs for their employees. In addition to salaries, these programs may include, among other items, bonuses, 401(k) plans, healthcare and insurance benefits, health savings and flexible spending accounts, paid time off, paid parental leave, advocacy resources, and work life assistance programs.
Legal Proceedings
In the ordinary course of business, we and our subsidiaries are party to legal proceedings and claims involving property, personal injury, contract and other claims. There are no other material pending legal proceedings or claims to which we or our subsidiaries are party or of which any of our property is the subject. There may be claims or actions pending or threatened against us or our subsidiaries of which we are not currently aware and the ultimate disposition of which would have a material adverse effect on us.
 
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MANAGEMENT
The following section discusses our management, including our directors and our executive officers, as well as certain related matters as required by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. It does not discuss matters relating to the management and business operations of the Braves, with the exception that biographical information for Terence McGuirk, Chairman of the Braves, Chairman and CEO of Braves Holdings and Chairman of Braves Development Company, LLC, is included below, as Mr. McGuirk serves as a director of the Company.
Directors
The following sets forth certain information concerning persons who serve as our directors, including their ages, directorships held and a description of their business experience, including, if applicable, current positions held with Liberty Media.
Name
Positions
Gregory B. Maffei
Age: 63
Chief Executive Officer, President and Chairman of the Board.
Mr. Maffei has served as our Chief Executive Officer and President since December 2022, and Chairman of the Board since July 2023. He has also served as (i) President and Chief Executive Officer of Liberty Media since May 2007, (ii) President, Chief Executive Officer and director of Liberty Broadband Corporation (Liberty Broadband) since June 2014, (iii) President and Chief Executive Officer of Liberty TripAdvisor Holdings, Inc. (Liberty TripAdvisor) since July 2013, having served as Chairman of the Board since June 2015, (iv) President and Chief Executive Officer of GCI Liberty, Inc. (GCI Liberty) from March 2018 until its combination with Liberty Broadband in December 2020, (v) President and Chief Executive Officer of Qurate Retail, Inc. (Qurate) from February 2006 to March 2018, having served as its CEO-Elect from November 2005 through February 2006, and as Chairman of the Board since March 2018, (vi) a director of Sirius XM Holdings since March 2009, including Chairman of the Board since April 2013, (vii) a director of Live Nation since February 2011, including Chairman of the Board since March 2013, (viii) Chairman of the Board of Liberty Broadband since June 2014, (ix) a director of Charter Communication, Inc. since June 2014 and (x) a director of Zillow Group, Inc. since February 2015.
He has served previously as (i) President and Chief Financial Officer of Oracle, (ii) Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of 360networks, (iii) Chief Financial Officer of Microsoft, (iv) President and Chief Executive Officer of Liberty Media Acquisition Corp. (LMAC) from November 2020 until its liquidation and dissolution in December 2022, (v) a director of GCI Liberty from March 2018 until December 2020, (vi) a director of Zillow, Inc. and its predecessor since May 2005 and as Chairman of the Board since April 2013, (vii) a director of DIRECTV and its predecessors from February 2008 until June 2010, (viii) a director of Electronic Arts, Inc. from June 2003 until July 2013, (ix) a director of Barnes & Noble, Inc. from September 2011 until April 2014, (x) Chairman of the Board of STARZ from January 2013 until December 2016 and as (xi) a director of Pandora Media, Inc. from September 2017 until February 2019.
Brian M. Deevy
Age: 68
Director.
Mr. Deevy has served as a director since July 2023. He has also served as (i) a director of Liberty Media since 2015, (ii) a director of the Daniels Fund since 2003, (iii) a director of the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Foundation since 2006 and (iv) a director of Trine II Acquisition Corp. since November 2021.
 
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Name
Positions
Mr. Deevy served as the Head of Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) Capital Markets’ Communications, Media & Entertainment Group (CME Group) until June 2015, where he was responsible for strategic development of the CME Group’s business (including mergers & acquisitions, private equity and debt capital formation and financial advisory engagements). Mr. Deevy served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Daniels & Associates (an investment banking firm that provided financial advisory services to the communications industry until it was acquired by RBC in 2007). Prior to joining Daniels & Associates, Mr. Deevy worked for Continental Illinois National Bank. From November 2013 until May 2016, Mr. Deevy served as a director of Ascent Capital Group, Inc. Mr. Deevy served as a director of Ticketmaster Entertainment, Inc. from August 2008 until January 2010.
Wonya Y. Lucas
Age: 62
Director.
Ms. Lucas has served as a director since July 2023. She has also served as (i) President and Chief Executive Officer of Hallmark Media (formerly Crown Media Holdings) since 2020 and (ii) a director of Inspire Brands since 2022.
Ms. Lucas previously served as (i) President and Chief Executive Officer of Public Broadcasting Atlanta from April 2015 until August 2020, (ii) President of Lucas Strategic Consultants LLC from 2013 until 2015, (iii) President and Chief Executive Officer of TV One from 2011 until 2013, (iv) Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer, Discovery Channel and Science Channel, of Discovery Communications, Inc. from 2010 until 2011, (v) Executive Vice President and Global Chief Marketing Officer of Discovery Communications, Inc. from 2008 until 2010, (vi) Executive Vice President, General Manager of The Weather Channel Companies from 2004 until 2008, (vii) Executive Vice President, Strategic Marketing, of The Weather Channel Companies from 2002 until 2004 and (viii) Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS) from 1994 until 2002, where she served in a variety of marketing and strategy roles. Ms. Lucas also served previously as a director of E.W. Scripps Company from 2019 until 2022, J.C. Penney Company, Inc. from 2017 until 2020, and Vice Chair of National Public Radio from May 2017 until August 2020.
Terence McGuirk
Age: 72
Director.
Mr. McGuirk has served as a director since July 2023. He has also served as (i) Chairman of the Braves since 2007, (ii) Chairman and CEO of Braves Holdings since 2014 and (iii) the Chairman of Braves Development Company, LLC since 2014.
Mr. McGuirk previously served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of TBS from 1996 until 2001. From March 2001 until December 2003, Mr. McGuirk served as Vice Chairman of TBS and Chief Executive Officer of the TBS-owned Atlanta sports teams, including the Braves, the National Basketball Association Hawks and the National Hockey League Thrashers.
Mr. McGuirk is an ex officio member of the MLB Executive Council and is Chairman of the MLB Media Committee. He also serves on MLB’s Committee on Economic Reform, the MLB Ownership Committee and the MLB Finance and Compensation Committee.
 
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Name
Positions
Diana M. Murphy
Age: 67
Director.
Ms. Murphy has served as a director since July 2023. She has also served as (i) the Managing Director of Rocksolid Holdings, LLC since 2007, (ii) a director of Landstar System, Inc. since 1998, (iii) a director of Synovus Financial Corp. since 2017, (iv) a director of American International Group, Inc. since March 2023, (v) a director of Boys and Girls Clubs of Southeast Georgia since 2007, including as Chairman of the Board from 2010 until 2012, (vi) a director of First Tee of Southeast Georgia since 2018 and (vii) a director and member of the Executive Committee of the College of Coastal Georgia Foundation since 2015.
Ms. Murphy previously held various management positions at Tribune Media Company from 1979 until 1992, including as Senior Vice President, and at The Baltimore Sun Company from 1992 to 1995. She also served as (i) the Managing Director of Chartwell Capital Management, Inc. from 1997 until 2007, (ii) the Managing Director of the Georgia Research Alliance Venture Fund from 2012 until 2016, (iii) the President of the United States Golf Association from 2016 until 2018, and (iv) a director of CTS Corporation from 2010 until 2020.
Executive Officers
The following sets forth certain information concerning persons (other than Mr. Maffei who serves as Chairman of the Board and is described above) who serve as the executive officers, including their ages, directorships held and a description of their business experience.
Name
Positions
Albert E. Rosenthaler
Age: 64
Chief Corporate Development Officer.
Mr. Rosenthaler has served as our Chief Corporate Development Officer since July 2023. He has also served as (i) Chief Corporate Development Officer of Liberty Media, Qurate, Liberty TripAdvisor and Liberty Broadband since October 2016 and of LMAC from November 2020 to December 2022, and Chief Tax Officer of Liberty Media, Qurate, Liberty TripAdvisor and Liberty Broadband from January 2016 to September 2016, (ii) a director of TripAdvisor since February 2016 and Liberty TripAdvisor since August 2014, (iii) Chief Corporate Development Officer of GCI Liberty from March 2018 until December 2020, (iv) Chief Corporate Development Officer of Liberty Expedia from October 2016 until July 2019, (v) Chief Tax Officer of Liberty Expedia from March 2016 until September 2016 and (vi) Senior Vice President of Liberty Media from May 2007 to December 2015, of Qurate from April 2002 to December 2015, of Liberty TripAdvisor from July 2013 to December 2015 and of Liberty Broadband from June 2014 to December 2015.
Brian J. Wendling
Age: 50
Principal Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer.
Mr. Wendling has served as our Principal Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer since July 2023. He has also served as (i) Chief Accounting Officer and Principal Financial Officer of Liberty Media since January 2020 and July 2019, respectively, (ii) Chief Accounting Officer and Principal Financial Officer of Qurate and Liberty Broadband since January 2020 and July 2019, respectively, and Chief Accounting Officer and Principal Financial Officer of LMAC from November 2020 to December 2022, (iii) Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Liberty TripAdvisor since January 2016, (iv) Director of comScore, Inc. since March 2021, (v) Chief
 
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Name
Positions
Accounting Officer and Principal Financial Officer of GCI Liberty from January 2020 and July 2019, respectively, until December 2020, (vi) Senior Vice President and Controller of Liberty Media, Qurate and Liberty Broadband from January 2016 until December 2019 and GCI Liberty from March 2018 until December 2019, (vii) Vice President and Controller of Liberty TripAdvisor from August 2014 until December 2015, (viii) Senior Vice President of Liberty Expedia from March 2016 until July 2019, (ix) Vice President and Controller of Liberty Media from November 2011 to December 2015, Qurate from November 2011 until December 2015 and Liberty Broadband from October 2014 until December 2015 and (x) various positions with Liberty Media and Qurate since 1999.
Renee L. Wilm
Age: 49
Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer.
Ms. Wilm has served as our Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer since July 2023. She has also served as (i) Chief Executive Officer of Las Vegas Grand Prix, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media, since January 2022, (ii) Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer of Liberty Media since September 2019 and January 2021, respectively, (iii) Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer of Qurate, Liberty TripAdvisor and Liberty Broadband since September 2019 and January 2021, respectively, (iv) Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer of LMAC from November 2020 until December 2022 and from January 2021 until December 2022, respectively, (v) a director of LMAC since 2021, (vi) Chief Legal Officer of GCI Liberty from September 2019 until December 2020 and (vii) prior to 2019, Senior Partner with the law firm Baker Botts L.L.P., where she represented Liberty Media, Qurate, Liberty TripAdvisor, Liberty Broadband and GCI Liberty and their predecessors for over twenty years, specializing in mergers and acquisitions, complex capital structures and shareholder arrangements, as well as securities offerings and matters of corporate governance and securities law compliance. While at Baker Botts, Ms. Wilm was a member of the Executive Committee, the East Coast Corporate Department Chair and Partner-in-Charge of the New York office.
Classification of Our Board of Directors
Pursuant to our restated charter, our board of directors (other than those who may be elected by holders of any preferred stock provided for or fixed pursuant to the provisions of the restated charter) is divided into three classes. The members of each class will serve for a staggered three-year term. Upon the expiration of the term of a class of directors, a director in that class will be elected for a three-year term at the annual meeting of stockholders in the year in which their term expires. The classes are composed as follows:

Brian M. Deevy is a Class I director, whose term will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders in 2024;

Terence McGuirk and Diana M. Murphy are Class II directors, whose term will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders in 2025; and

Gregory B. Maffei and Wonya Y. Lucas are Class III directors, whose term will expire at the annual meeting of stockholders in 2026.
Each class consists, as nearly as possible, of a number of directors equal to one-third of the authorized number of board members. The classification of our board of directors could discourage a third party from initiating a proxy contest, making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to gain control of us.
 
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Director Independence
It is our policy that a majority of the members of our board of directors be independent of our management. For a director to be deemed independent, our board of directors must affirmatively determine that the director has no direct or indirect material relationship with us. To assist our board of directors in determining which of our directors qualify as independent, the nominating and corporate governance committee of our board follows the Corporate Governance Rules of Nasdaq on the criteria for director independence.
In accordance with these criteria, our board of directors has determined that each of Brian M. Deevy, Wonya Y. Lucas and Diana M. Murphy qualifies as an independent director.
Board Committees
Our board of directors formed the following committees: audit committee, compensation committee, nominating and corporate governance committee and executive committee.
Audit Committee
The audit committee is comprised of Mr. Deevy, Ms. Lucas and Ms. Murphy, with Mr. Deevy serving as the chairperson. Our board of directors has determined that each member of the audit committee satisfies the SEC’s independence requirements for members of audit committees. Our board of directors has determined that Mr. Deevy is an “audit committee financial expert” for purposes of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations of Nasdaq. The audit committee’s functions will include, among other things:

appointing or replacing our independent auditors;

reviewing and approving in advance the scope and the fees of our annual audit and reviewing the results of our audits with our independent auditors;

reviewing and approving in advance the scope and the fees of non-audit services of our independent auditors;

reviewing compliance with and the adequacy of our existing major accounting and financial reporting policies;

reviewing our management’s procedures and policies relating to the adequacy of our internal accounting controls and compliance with applicable laws relating to accounting practices;

confirming compliance with applicable SEC and stock exchange rules; and

preparing a report for our annual proxy statement.
Compensation Committee
Our compensation committee is comprised of Mr. Deevy, Ms. Lucas and Ms. Murphy, with Ms. Lucas serving as the chairperson. Our board of directors has determined that each member of the compensation committee is an independent director for compensation committee purposes as that term is defined in the applicable rules of Nasdaq, is a “non-employee director” within the meaning of Rule 16b-3(d)(3) promulgated under the Exchange Act and is an “outside director” within the meaning of Section 162(m) of the Code. The compensation committee’s functions will include, among other things:

review and approve corporate goals and objectives relevant to the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer and our other executive officers;

review and approve the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Legal Officer, Chief Administrative Officer, Chief Accounting Officer, Principal Financial Officer and Chief Corporate Development Officer;

oversee the compensation of the chief executive officers of our non-public operating subsidiaries;

make recommendations to our board of directors and administer any incentive-compensation plans and equity-based plans; and
 
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prepare a report for our annual proxy statement.
Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee
Our nominating and corporate governance committee is comprised of Mr. Deevy, Ms. Lucas and Ms. Murphy, with Ms. Murphy serving as the chairperson. Our board of directors has determined that each member of the nominating and corporate governance committee is an independent director for nominating and corporate governance committee purposes as that term is defined in the applicable rules of Nasdaq. The nominating and corporate governance committee’s functions will include, among other things:

develop qualification criteria for selecting director candidates and identify individuals qualified to become members of our board of directors consistent with such criteria established or approved by our board of directors from time to time;

identify director nominees for upcoming annual meetings;

develop corporate governance guidelines applicable to us; and

oversee the evaluation of our board of directors and management.
Executive Committee
Our executive committee is comprised of Gregory B. Maffei and Terence McGuirk. Our executive committee may exercise all the powers and authority of our board of directors in the management of our business and affairs (except as specifically prohibited by the NRS and subject to the provisions of our amended bylaws).
Board Composition
Our board of directors is comprised of directors with a broad range of backgrounds and skill sets, including in sports media and telecommunications, private investment and auditing.
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
None of the members of our compensation committee were, during 2022, an officer or employee of ours or Liberty Media. No interlocking relationships exist between our board and our compensation committee and the board of directors or compensation committee of any other company.
 
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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Executive Officers
Our executive officers are comprised of Gregory B. Maffei as Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer, Brian J. Wendling as the Principal Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer, Albert E. Rosenthaler as the Chief Corporate Development Officer, and Renee L. Wilm as the Chief Legal Officer and Chief Administrative Officer. We are a newly formed company, and therefore, have not paid any compensation to any of our executive officers.
In connection with the Split-Off, we have entered into the Services Agreement with Liberty Media, pursuant to which we pay Liberty Media a monthly management fee on a fixed fee basis, the amount of which is subject to quarterly review by our audit committee and at least annual review by the compensation committee, in exchange for the provision of certain administrative and management services by Liberty Media and its employees, including the services of Messrs. Maffei, Wendling and Rosenthaler and Ms. Wilm. We pay or grant directly to Messrs. Maffei, Wendling and Rosenthaler and Ms. Wilm, our allocable portion of the executive officers’ annual performance-based cash bonus and annual equity-based awards, and we reimburse Liberty Media for the allocable portion of the other components of Mr. Maffei’s compensation. A portion of Mr. Maffei’s compensation is allocated to each of Qurate, Liberty Broadband, Liberty TripAdvisor and us (individually, a service company (and collectively, the service companies) based on a combination of Liberty Media’s, Qurate’s, Liberty Broadband’s, Liberty TripAdvisor’s and our relative market capitalization and the blended average of time allocated to each such company, each weighted 50%. The allocable portion of the other executive officers’ annual performance-based cash bonus and annual equity-based awards that are payable directly by the service companies (including us) is allocated in a similar manner. The Split-Off may result in a reallocation of the executive officers’ compensation costs among Liberty Media and all of the service companies (including us). For more information regarding the Services Agreement between us and Liberty Media, please see “Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions — Relationships between Us and Liberty Media — Services Agreement.” The named executive officers of the Company are Messrs. Maffei, and Rosenthaler and Ms. Wilm. Because Messrs. Maffei and Rosenthaler and Ms. Wilm are officers of Liberty Media, historical compensation paid to Messrs. Maffei and Rosenthaler and Ms. Wilm prior to the Split-Off has been for his or her services to Liberty Media and the other service companies and is not described in this prospectus.
Directors
Each of our directors who is not an employee of our company is paid an annualized fee of $200,000 (which we refer to as the director fee), of which $100,000 is payable in cash and the balance is payable in restricted stock units (RSUs) or options to purchase shares of BATRK, which amounts have been prorated for 2023.
Each member who serves on our audit committee, compensation committee and nominating and corporate governance committee receives an additional annualized fee of $15,000, $10,000 and $10,000, respectively, for his or her participation on each such committee, except that the chairperson of each such committee instead receives an additional annual fee of $25,000, $15,000 and $15,000, respectively, for his or her participation on that committee, which amounts have been prorated for 2023. The cash portion of the director fees and the fees for participation on committees are payable quarterly in arrears.
Pursuant to our director compensation policy and the incentive plan (described below), we granted 592 RSUs and 1,510 options to purchase shares of BATRK, at an exercise price of $36.15, to each of Mr. Deevy and Mses. Lucas and Murphy, which vest or become exercisable on December 8, 2023, or on such earlier date that the grantee ceases to be a director because of death or disability, and, unless our board of directors determines otherwise, will be forfeited if the grantee resigns or is removed from our board before the vesting date.
Our board of directors has adopted stock ownership guidelines that generally require each nonemployee director to own shares of our company’s stock equal to at least three times the value of their annual cash retainer fees. Nonemployee directors have five years from the director’s initial appointment to our Board to comply with these guidelines
 
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Equity Incentive Plans
Atlanta Braves Holdings 2023 Omnibus Incentive Plan
In connection with the Split-Off, we have adopted the Atlanta Braves Holdings 2023 Omnibus Incentive Plan (the incentive plan). The incentive plan is designed to provide additional remuneration to officers, employees, nonemployee directors and independent contractors for exceptional service and to encourage their investment in the Company. Non-qualified stock options, SARs, restricted shares, restricted stock units, cash awards, performance awards or any combination of the foregoing may be granted under the incentive plan (collectively, awards). The maximum number of shares of common stock with respect to which awards may be granted is 7.25 million, subject to anti-dilution and other adjustment provisions of the incentive plan. No nonemployee director may be granted during any calendar year awards having a value (as determined on the grant date of such award) in excess of $1 million. Shares of our common stock issuable pursuant to awards will be made available from either authorized but unissued shares or shares that have been issued but reacquired by the Company. The incentive plan will be administered by the compensation committee with regard to all awards granted under the incentive plan (other than awards granted to the nonemployee directors), and the compensation committee will have full power and authority to determine the terms and conditions of such awards. The incentive plan will be administered by the full board of directors with regard to all awards granted under the incentive plan to nonemployee directors, and the full board of directors will have full power and authority to determine the terms and conditions of such awards.
Atlanta Braves Holdings Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan
In connection with the Split-Off, equity incentive awards with respect to our common stock (new Braves awards) were issued in connection with adjustments made to outstanding equity incentive awards with respect to shares of Liberty Braves common stock, which had been granted to various directors, officers and employees and consultants of Liberty Media board of directors or the compensation committee thereof. These new Braves awards were issued pursuant to the Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. Transitional Stock Adjustment Plan (the transitional plan), which governs the terms and conditions of the new Braves awards but cannot be used to make any additional grants following the Split-Off.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table reflects the awards that would have been outstanding as of December 31, 2022, assuming the Split-Off had occurred and that new Braves awards were issued on that date.
Plan Category
Number of securities
to be issued
upon exercise of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(a)
Weighted average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
(b)
Number of securities
available for future
issuance under equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
(c)(2)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders(1)
Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. 2023 Omnibus
Incentive Plan
7,250,000
BATRA
BATRB
BATRK
Atlanta Braves Holdings, Inc. Transitional Stock
Adjustment Plan
(3)
BATRA
BATRB
BATRK
3,284,286(4) $ 26.17(5)
Total
BATRA
BATRB
BATRK
7,250,000
 
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(1)
Each plan was approved by Liberty Media in its capacity as the sole stockholder of the Company prior to the Split-Off.
(2)
Each plan permits grants of, or with respect to, shares of any series of our common stock, subject to a single, aggregate limit.
(3)
The transitional plan governs the terms and conditions of Liberty Braves awards granted in connection with the adjustments to awards relating to the Liberty Media common stock granted prior to the Split-Off. As a result, no further grants will be permitted under this plan.
(4)
This amount reflects 3,108,145 shares of BATRK issuable upon the exercise of options and 176,141 shares of BATRK issuable upon the settlement of restricted stock units.
(5)
The weighted average exercise price relates solely to outstanding options and does not take into account restricted stock units, which by their nature do not have an exercise price.
 
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CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
In connection with the Split-Off, our board of directors adopted a formal written policy for the review, approval or ratification of any transactions or arrangements involving related parties. All of our directors, executive officers and employees are subject to the policy and are asked to promptly report any such related party transaction. Our policy provides that, if a director or executive officer has an actual or potential conflict of interest (which includes being a party to a proposed related-party transaction (as defined by Item 404 of Regulation S-K)), the director or executive officer should promptly inform the person designated by our board to address such actual or potential conflicts. Our policy provides that no related party transaction may be effected by the Company without the approval of the audit committee of our board or another independent body of our board designated to address such actual or potential conflicts. Our directors will be asked to recuse themselves from any discussion or decision by the board or a board committee that involves or affects their personal, business or professional interests.
Relationships Between Us and Liberty Media
We operate independently from Liberty Media, and following the disposition by Liberty Media of the shares of Series C common stock offered pursuant to this prospectus, including through the Liberty Media Exchange, neither of us will have any ownership interest in the other. In order to govern certain of the ongoing relationships between us and Liberty Media after the Split-Off and to provide mechanisms for an orderly transition, we have entered into certain agreements with Liberty Media, the terms of which are summarized in the section “— Agreements Relating to the Split-Off” below. In addition, we anticipate entering into, from time to time, agreements and arrangements with Liberty Media, in connection with, and in the ordinary course of, our business.
Prior to the Split-Off, Liberty Media owned a 100% equity interest in the Company and a 100% equity interest in Braves Holdings. Following the Split-Off, we own 100% of Braves Holdings.
Agreements Relating to the Split-Off
Reorganization Agreement
Prior to the completion of the Split-Off, we entered into the Reorganization Agreement to provide for, among other things, the principal corporate transactions required to effect the Split-Off, certain conditions to the Split-Off and provisions governing the relationship between us and Liberty Media with respect to and resulting from the Split-Off.
The Reorganization Agreement also provides for mutual indemnification obligations, which are designed to make the Company financially responsible for substantially all of the liabilities that may exist relating to the businesses included in the Company at the time of the Split-Off together with certain other specified liabilities, as well as for all liabilities incurred by the Company after the Split-Off, and to make Liberty Media financially responsible for all potential liabilities of the Company which are not related to our businesses, including, for example, any liabilities arising as a result of the Company having been a subsidiary of Liberty Media, together with certain other specified liabilities. These indemnification obligations exclude any matters relating to taxes. For a description of the allocation of tax-related obligations, please see “— Tax Sharing Agreement” below.
In addition, the Reorganization Agreement provides for each of us and Liberty Media to preserve the confidentiality of all confidential or proprietary information of the other party for the longer of five years following the Split-Off or three years following the disclosure of such information, subject to customary exceptions, including disclosures required by law, court order or government regulation.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the Reorganization Agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Tax Sharing Agreement
In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into a tax sharing agreement with Liberty Media. The tax sharing agreement provides for the allocation and indemnification of tax liabilities and benefits between Liberty Media and our Company and other agreements related to tax matters.
 
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Pursuant to the tax sharing agreement, we have agreed to indemnify Liberty Media, its subsidiaries and certain related persons for taxes and certain losses resulting from the failure of the Split-Off Transactions to qualify as a tax-free transaction under Section 355, Section 368(a)(1)(D) and related provisions of the Code and certain taxes resulting from the failure of the Liberty Media Exchange to qualify as a transaction described in Section 361(c)(3) of the Code, to the extent that such taxes and losses (i) result primarily from, individually or in the aggregate, the breach of certain restrictive covenants made by our Company, (ii) result from Section 355(e) of the Code applying to the Split-Off Transactions as a result of the Split-Off Transactions being part of a plan (or series of related transactions) pursuant to which one or more persons acquire a 50-percent or greater interest (measured by vote or value) in our stock, or (iii) result from any excess loss account (within the meaning of applicable U.S. Treasury Regulations) in our common stock or gain recognized under Section 361(b) due to the application of the basis limitation in the last sentence of Section 361(b)(3) of the Code.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the tax sharing agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Services Agreement
In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into the Services Agreement with Liberty Media, pursuant to which Liberty Media provides us with specified services, including:

insurance administration and risk management services;

other services typically performed by Liberty Media’s legal, investor relations, tax, accounting and internal audit departments; and

such other services as Liberty Media may obtain from its officers, employees and consultants in the management of its own operations that we may from time to time request or require.
In addition, Liberty Media provides to us certain technical and information technology services, including management information systems, computer, data storage, network and telecommunications services.
We pay Liberty Media a services fee, payable in monthly installments, which Liberty Media and we will review and evaluate for reasonableness on a quarterly basis. In addition, the services are subject to quarterly review by our audit committee and at least annual review by our compensation committee. We pay or grant directly to our named executive officers, our allocable portion of such named executive officers’ annual performance-based cash bonus and annual equity-based awards, and reimburse Liberty Media for our allocable portion of the other components of Mr. Maffei’s compensation.
The Services Agreement generally continues in effect until December 31st of the third calendar year following the Split-Off, unless earlier terminated (1) by the Company at any time on at least 30 days’ prior written notice, (2) by Liberty Media upon written notice to the Company following a change in control or certain bankruptcy or insolvency-related events affecting the Company or (3) by the Company, upon written notice to Liberty Media, following certain changes in control of Liberty Media or Liberty Media being the subject of certain bankruptcy or insolvency-related events.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the Services Agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Facilities Sharing Agreement
In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into the Facilities Sharing Agreement with Liberty Media and Liberty Property Holdings, Inc. (LPH), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Liberty Media, pursuant to which we share office facilities with Liberty Media located at 12300 Liberty Boulevard, Englewood, Colorado. We pay a sharing fee for use of the office based on a comparable fair market rental rate and an estimate of the usage of the office facilities by or on behalf of the Company. The Facilities Sharing Agreement generally continues in effect for an initial three-year term, unless earlier terminated (1) by the Company at any time on at least 30 days’ prior written notice, (2) concurrently with the termination of the Services Agreement, (3) by LPH upon written notice to the Company following a default by the Company of any of its material
 
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obligations under the Facilities Sharing Agreement, which default remains unremedied for 30 days after written notice of such default is provided, (4) by the Company upon written notice to LPH, following certain changes in control of Liberty Media or Liberty Media being the subject of certain bankruptcy or insolvency-related events or (5) by LPH upon written notice to the Company, following certain changes in control of the Company or the Company being the subject of certain bankruptcy or insolvency-related events.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the Facilities Sharing Agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Aircraft Time Sharing Agreements
Prior to the completion of the Split-Off, the Company (Lessee) entered into aircraft time sharing agreements with Liberty Media for each aircraft owned by Liberty Media or in which a wholly owned subsidiary of Liberty Media owns a fractional interest. Each aircraft time sharing agreement provides that Liberty Media or its subsidiaries will lease the aircraft to Lessee and provide or arrange for a fully qualified flight crew for all operations on a periodic, non-exclusive time sharing basis. Lessee will pay Liberty Media or its subsidiaries an amount equal to the actual expenses of each flight conducted under each aircraft time sharing agreement to the maximum extent permitted under Federal Aviation Administration rules (which we estimate will be a de minimis amount for the first year under the aircraft time sharing agreements). Such expenses may include fuel, oil, lubricants and other additives (plus an additional charge of 100% thereof), travel expenses of the crew, hanger and tie down costs, insurance obtained for a specific flight, landing fees, airport taxes and similar assessments, customs and similar fees, in-flight food and beverage costs, ground transportation, flight planning and weather contact services. The aircraft time sharing agreements will continue in effect until the close of business on the first anniversary of the Split-Off, and then will be automatically renewed on a month-to-month basis, unless terminated earlier by either party upon at least 30 days’ prior written notice or upon a sale of the aircraft.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the aircraft time sharing agreements, which are filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Registration Rights Agreement
In connection with the Split-Off, we entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with Liberty Media pursuant to which we agreed that, upon the request of Liberty Media, subject to certain limitations, we will use reasonable best efforts to effect the registration under applicable federal or state securities laws of shares of BATRK issued to Liberty Media in settlement and extinguishment of the intergroup interest in the Braves Group attributed to the Liberty SiriusXM Group remaining immediately prior to the Split-Off.
We will generally be responsible for all registration expenses in connection with the performance of our obligations under the Registration Rights Agreement, and Liberty Media will be responsible for its own internal fees and expenses, any applicable underwriting discounts or commissions and any stock transfer taxes. The agreement also contains customary indemnification and contribution provisions by the Company for the benefit of Liberty Media and, in limited situations, by Liberty Media for the benefit of the Company with respect to the information provided by Liberty Media included in any registration statement, prospectus or related document.
If Liberty Media transfers shares covered by the agreement, including in connection with the Liberty Media Exchange, it will be able to transfer the benefits of the Registration Rights Agreement to certain transferees, provided that each transferee agrees to be bound by the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement. We filed the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part pursuant to the rights granted to Liberty Media under the Registration Rights Agreement.
This summary is qualified by reference to the full text of the Registration Rights Agreement, which is filed as an exhibit to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of which this prospectus forms a part.
Related Party Agreements Relating to the Company
Aircraft Time Sharing Agreement
In September 2014, Atlanta National League Baseball Club, LLC (ANLBC), a subsidiary of Braves Holdings, entered into an aircraft time sharing agreement with St. Simons Management & Flight Operations,
 
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LLC (St. Simons), a company owned by the Braves Holdings’ Chairman and the Company’s director, Terence McGuirk. Under the agreement, St. Simons leases an aircraft to ANLBC and provides a fully qualified flight crew for all operations on a periodic, non-exclusive time sharing basis. Payments under the agreement were approximately $120,000 during 2021 and $330,000 during 2022 and are approximately $135,000 as of June 30, 2023. The agreement may be terminated by either party upon written notice.
Relationship Relating to Braves Development Company, LLC
Terence McGuirk is, and has been since 2014, the Chairman of Braves Development Company, LLC (BDC), an indirect subsidiary of the Company. Mr. McGuirk’s son, Terry McGuirk III, is employed by a real estate development advisory firm (Advisory Firm) that performs work for BDC. Mr. McGuirk III is a senior vice president and partner in the sports group of the Advisory Firm, but does not work directly on BDC matters on behalf of the Advisory Firm. Mr. McGuirk III, as a partner in the sports group of the Advisory Firm, receives commissions on office leasing deals by the Advisory Firm on behalf of BDC. Since January 1, 2022, the Advisory Firm has been involved in four office leasing transactions in connection with BDC that resulted in commissions to the Advisory Firm of approximately $4,607,000. Mr. McGuirk III received a share of the commissions from those transactions consisting of an initial payment of $125,000, a second payment of $121,655, and an outstanding amount due of $10,500 related to the transactions in connection with BDC.
 
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SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners
The following table sets forth information concerning the beneficial ownership of each person or entity who owns more than five percent of the outstanding shares of any series of our common stock. All of such information is based on publicly available filings, unless otherwise known to us from other sources.
Unless otherwise indicated, the security ownership information for our common stock is based upon outstanding stock as of July 19, 2023, and, in the case of percentage ownership information, is based upon 10,318,202 shares of BATRA, 977,795 shares of BATRB and 50,423,293 shares of BATRK. The percentage voting power is presented on an aggregate basis for all BATRA and BATRB shares. BATRK shares are, however, non-voting (except as otherwise required by Nevada law) and, therefore, in the case of percentage of voting power, are not included.
For purposes of the following presentation, beneficial ownership of shares of BATRB, though convertible on a one-for-one basis into shares of BATRA, is reported as beneficial ownership of BATRB only, and not as beneficial ownership of BATRA. So far as is known to us, the persons indicated below have sole voting and dispositive power with respect to the shares indicated as owned by them, except as otherwise stated in the notes to the table.
Name and Address of Beneficial Owner
Title
of Series
Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership
Percent of
Series
(%)
Voting
Power
(%)
John C. Malone
c/o Liberty Media Corporation
12300 Liberty Boulevard
Englewood, CO 80112
BATRA 96,467(1)(2)(3)(4) * 47.5
BATRB 945,532(1)(4)(5) 96.7
BATRK 3,016,460(1)(3)(5)(11) 6.0
BlackRock, Inc.
55 East 52nd Street
New York, NY 10055
BATRA 647,668(6) 6.3 3.2
BATRB
BATRK 2,932,836(6)(11) 5.8
The Vanguard Group
100 Vanguard Blvd.
Malvern, PA 19355
BATRA 881,045(7) 8.5 4.4
BATRB
BATRK 2,535,718(8)(11) 5.0
GAMCO Investors, Inc.
One Corporate Center
Rye, NY 10580
BATRA 3,449,580(10) 33.5 17.2
BATRB
BATRK 1,385,236(9)(11) 2.7
*
Less than one percent.
(1)
Includes 10,177 BATRA shares, 47,585 BATRB shares and 120,546 BATRK shares held in a revocable trust with respect to which Mr. Malone and Mr. Malone’s wife, Mrs. Leslie Malone (Mrs. Malone), are trustees. Mrs. Malone has the right to revoke such trust at any time. Mr. Malone disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by such trust.
(2)
Does not include BATRA shares issuable upon conversion of BATRB shares beneficially owned by Mr. Malone; however, if such BATRA shares were included, Mr. Malone would have beneficial ownership of 1,041,999 BATRA shares and Mr. Malone’s beneficial ownership of BATRA would be 9.3% of the outstanding shares of BATRA.
(3)
Includes 25,000 BATRA shares and 1,810 BATRK shares held by The Malone Family Land Preservation Foundation, as to which shares Mr. Malone disclaims beneficial ownership.
(4)
Includes 61,290 BATRA shares and 887,079 BATRB shares held in a revocable trust with respect to which Mr. Malone is trustee. Mr. Malone has the right to revoke such trust at any time.
(5)
Includes 10,868 BATRB shares and 786 BATRK shares held by two trusts (the Trusts) which are managed by an independent trustee and of which the beneficiaries are Mr. Malone’s adult children.
 
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Mr. Malone has no pecuniary interest in the Trusts, but he retains the right to substitute assets held by the Trusts. Mr. Malone disclaims beneficial ownership of the shares held by the Trusts.
(6)
We expect that, based on an Amendment No. 6 to Schedule 13G filed February 1, 2023 by BlackRock, with respect to its ownership of shares of Liberty Media’s Series A and Series C Liberty Braves common stock, BlackRock will have sole voting power, shared voting power, sole dispositive power/investment discretion, and shared dispositive power/investment discretion for shares of BATRA and BATRK as provided in the following table:
Title of Series
Sole Voting
Power
Shared
Voting
Power
Sole Dispositive
Power/Investment
Discretion
Shared Dispositive
Power/Investment
Discretion
BATRA
637,278 647,668
BATRK
2,458,991 2,501,863
(7)
We expect that, based on Amendment No. 1 to Schedule 13G filed February 9, 2023 by Vanguard, with respect to shares of Liberty Media’s Series A Liberty Braves common stock, Vanguard will have sole dispositive power with respect to 845,480 shares of BATRA, shared voting power with respect to 21,750 shares of BATRA and shared dispositive power with respect to 35,565 shares of BATRA.
(8)
We expect that, based on Form 13F, filed May 15, 2023, by Vanguard, with respect to itself and certain related institutional investment managers, including Trust Co, Australia and Global, such entities will have sole voting power, shared voting power, sole investment discretion, and shared investment discretion for shares of BATRK as follows: